Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability
The European Commission adopted its Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability on 14 October 2020. The strategy is part of the EU’s zero pollution ambition – a key commitment of the European Green Deal – and aims to better protect citizens and the environment from harmful chemicals, and boost innovation by promoting the use of safer and more sustainable chemicals.
The European Green Deal is the EU’s new growth strategy. It will transform Europe into a sustainable and carbon neutral economy, while responding to the economic crisis and consequence of COVID-19.
Chemicals are the building blocks of the goods we use, and for high-tech materials needed for a circular and climate neutral economy. Chemicals production is also an energy and CO2-intense industrial sector. Shifting towards chemicals and production technologies that require less energy will limit emissions, which means that the Green Deal needs the “right” chemistry.
As the EU’s specialised agency, ECHA contributes to the strategy with its scientific and regulatory expertise, databases, digital tools and networks, and practical experience with chemicals regulation, when requested.
ECHA’s own European Green Deal pledge, as an EU organisation and employer, is to extend its environment certification with the EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme EMAS and to become climate neutral by 2030.
The Commission’s strategy provides an action plan to:
- Ban the most harmful chemicals in consumer products – allowing those chemicals only where their use is essential.
- Pay attention to the cocktail effect of chemicals when assessing chemical risks.
- Phase out per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in the EU, unless their use is essential.
- Boost investment and innovative capacity for the production and use of chemicals that are safe and sustainable by design throughout their lifecycle.
- Promote the EU’s supply and sustainability of critical chemicals.
- Establish a simpler “one substance, one assessment” process for assessing the risks and hazards of chemicals.
- Play a leading role globally by championing and promoting high chemical safety standards and not exporting chemicals banned in the EU.
The Commission has asked ECHA to take an active role in the following work areas:
- Developing criteria for chemicals that are safe and sustainable by design.
- Assessing how to introduce mixture assessment factors in REACH.
- Establishing a “one substance, one assessment” process to coordinate hazard and risk assessment across chemicals legislation.
- Developing an indicator framework on chemicals as part of the Zero Pollution and 8th Environment Action Programme monitoring framework.
- Improving enforcement of chemicals legislation.
- Developing a strategic research and innovation agenda for chemicals.
- Developing EU-wide human and environmental biomonitoring in the context of the Partnership for the Assessment of Risk from Chemicals (PARC).
- Establishing an EU chemical early warning and action system.
In addition, ECHA will provide scientific and technical support for the impact assessment on planned revisions to REACH and CLP.
ECHA will support the amendment of REACH information requirements for substances that have critical hazard properties. The Agency is also involved in preparatory work for extending the registration duty to certain polymers, which currently do not need to be registered under REACH.
The Agency is a member in steering groups for studies and assessments on:
- information on volumes, uses, exposure/emissions and environmental footprint in REACH registrations;
- derived minimal effect levels (DMELs) for certain substances; and
- introducing a mixture assessment factor.
To improve the evaluation of chemicals, ECHA will provide information on the functioning of dossier and substance evaluation to the Commission with proposals to develop the two processes further.
To develop the use of the generic approach to risk management, ECHA will gather information on uses of certain hazardous substances. It will furthermore support the Commission in developing options to reform authorisation and restrictions. Additionally, the Agency will contribute to the development of criteria for essential uses of substances.
Until the generic approach to risk management is introduced and applicable in REACH, ECHA supports the development of criteria for prioritising substances and groups of substances for restrictions to establish a restrictions roadmap.
ECHA will assist the Commission in revising and developing new hazard criteria under the CLP Regulation for:
- persistent, mobile and toxic (PMT) and very persistent and very mobile substances (vPvM);
- terrestrial organisms;
- immunotoxicity and developmental neurotoxicity;
- endocrine disrupters; and
- persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) and very persistent, very bioaccumulative substances (vPvB).
The Agency will assess the information it has available to identify substances that qualify for the new and further hazard classes or criteria and, where possible, set up a list of these substances.
- Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability [PDF]
- Chemicals Strategy - background
- European Green Deal
- Commission's note to agencies on chemicals strategy 21 December 2020 [PDF]
- Commission's request to ECHA on chemicals strategy 12 April 2021 [PDF]