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Administrative data

Workers - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.13 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
12.5
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
Value:
1.61 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
convert NOAELoral to NOAECinhal 1.14 mg/kg x [1/0.38 x 80% rat oral absorption/100% human inhalation absorption x 6.7/10]
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
1
Justification:
Extrapolation from chronic study to chronic exposure value Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
Justification:
Not applicable
Justification:
Not applicable
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for remaining uncertainties:
2.5
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
3.3 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Dermal
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
300
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
Extrapolation from subacute study to chronic exposure value in line with Table R.8-5 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Default value in line with Table R.8-3 and Appendix R. 8-2, part 2, example A1/B2 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
Justification:
Not applicable
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for remaining uncertainties:
2.5
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Workers - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Additional information - workers

General Population - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.03 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
25
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
Value:
0.8 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
convert NOAELoral to NOAECinhal 1.14 mg/kg x [1/1.15 x 80% rat oral absorption/100% human inhalation absorption] = 0.8 mg/m3
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
1
Justification:
Extrapolation from chronic study to chronic exposure value Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
Justification:
Not applicable
Justification:
Not applicable
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for remaining uncertainties:
2.5
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
1.7 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Dermal
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
600
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
Extrapolation from subacute study to chronic exposure value in line with Table R.8-5 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Default value in line with Table R.8-3 and Appendix R. 8-2, part 2, example A1/B2 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
Justification:
Not applicable
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for remaining uncertainties:
2.5
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

General Population - Hazard via oral route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.011 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
100
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
1.14 mg/kg bw/day
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
1
Justification:
Extrapolation from chronic study to chronic exposure value Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Default value in line with Table R.8-3 and Appendix R. 8-2, part 2, example A1/B2 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
Justification:
Not applicable
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
AF for remaining uncertainties:
2.5
Justification:
Default value in line with Section R.8.4.3.1 of Chapter R.8 of Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Additional information - General Population

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