Restrictions are a tool to protect human health and the environment from unacceptable risks posed by chemicals. Restrictions may limit or ban the manufacture, placing on the market or use of a substance.

A restriction applies to any substance on its own, in a mixture or in an article, including those that do not require registration. It can also apply to imports.

A Member State, or ECHA on request of the European Commission, can propose restrictions if they find that the risks need to be addressed on an Union wide basis. ECHA can also propose a restriction on articles containing substances that are in the Authorisation list (Annex XIV).

Anyone can comment on a proposal to restrict a substance. Those most likely to be interested are companies, organisations representing industry or civil society, individual citizens, as well as public authorities. Comments are welcomed from the EU or beyond.

ECHA works with experts from the Member States to provide scientific opinions on any proposed restriction that will help the European Commission, together with the Member States, to take the final decision.