legislation-obligation

Substance Regulatory Obligations

OBL

Cobalt

EC number: 231-158-0

CAS number: 7440-48-4

Last updated: 22/01/2021
ECHA Legislation Regulatory Obligations

Regulatory obligations may exist for this substance under the legislations under ECHA’s remit or for which ECHA has delegated tasks (i.e. REACH, CLP, BPR, PIC, CAD / CMD, WFD, and POPs). Please check the substance Infocard.

CAD - Chemical Agents Directive

CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Article 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents

This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory based on the list of substances with harmonised classification and labelling (i.e., Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation 1272/2008/EC). While the harmonised list covers many hazardous substances, others not listed may also meet the classification criteria in accordance with the CLP Regulation.

Name CAS
cobalt
7440-48-4
CMD - Carcinogens and Mutagens Directive

Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes

This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory of substances based on Art. 2 carcinogen and mutagen (CM) definitions and Annex I of the Carcinogens and Mutagens Directive. Category 1A and 1B carcinogens and mutagens are derived from the CLP Regulation's Table 3 of Annex VI (1272/2008/EC). Employers are obligated to minimize worker exposure to these agents as far as possible, and must arrange for medical surveillance of workers exposed to these substances.

Name CAS Restriction(s) Physical form Substance Description Notes  
cobalt
7440-48-4
Details
EU Ecolabel Regulation

Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures

This list contains: (1) the hazardous substances with harmonised classifications and labelling (i.e., Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP Regulation); and (2) the Candidate List of substances of very high concern (SVHC). The EU Ecolabel may not be awarded to substances or mixtures classified as such. Note that this list is not exhaustive. While the harmonised list covers many hazardous substances, others not listed may also meet classification criteria in accordance with the CLP Regulation.

Name CAS Restriction(s) Expressed As Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP EU REACH: List of SVHC Physical form Substance Description  
cobalt
7440-48-4
yes
Details
Fertilisers Regulation

Fertilisers Regulation, Annex I, E.2.1, E.2.2 and E.2.3

This list contains Annex I fertiliser types according to their specific characteristics. Regulation 2003/2003/EC consolidates all European Union rules that apply to fertilisers, and ensures that the technical requirements it outlines are implemented uniformly. The Regulation only applies to mineral fertilisers consisting of one or more plant nutrients.

Name CAS Min micro-nutrient content_1 Min micro-nutrient content_2 Min micro-nutrient content_3 Min micro-nutrient content_4 Min micro-nutrient content_5
Cobalt (Co)
7440-48-4
0.02 %wt
0.02 %wt
0.002 %wt
0.002 %wt
Industrial Emissions Directive

IPPC, Annexes V, VI, VIII - Provisions relating to industrial plants

This list contains emission limit values for polluting substances in waste gases and waste water, assigned according to facility type (i.e., combustion plants (Annex V), waste incineration/co-incineration plants (Annex VI), and installations producing titanium dioxide (Annex VIII)), under Directive 2010/75/EU on Industrial Emissions (Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control - IPPC).

Name CAS Annex Group fuel Fuel class Part Point Thermal input  
Cobalt
7440-48-4
VI Annex VI (Directive 2010/75/EU) Technical provisions relating to waste incineration plants and waste co-incineration plants
Antimony, arsenic, lead, chromium, cobalt, copper, manganese, nickel and vanadium and their compounds
Part 3 (VI) Air emission limit values for waste incineration plants
1.3
Details
Cobalt
7440-48-4
VI Annex VI (Directive 2010/75/EU) Technical provisions relating to waste incineration plants and waste co-incineration plants
Antimony, arsenic, lead, chromium, cobalt, copper, manganese, nickel and vanadium and their compounds
Part 4 (VI) Determination of air emission limit values for the co-incineration of waste
2.2
Details
Cobalt
7440-48-4
VI Annex VI (Directive 2010/75/EU) Technical provisions relating to waste incineration plants and waste co-incineration plants
Antimony, arsenic, lead, chromium, cobalt, copper, manganese, nickel and vanadium and their compounds
Solid or liquid
Part 4 (VI) Determination of air emission limit values for the co-incineration of waste
3.3
Details
Plastic Materials and Articles Regulation

FCM and Articles Regulation, Annex II - Restricted Substances

This list contains the Annex II substances subject to general restrictions for use in plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with food. Each listed substance includes specific migration limit that must not be exceeded.

Name CAS SML (mg/kg) Notes
Cobalt
7440-48-4
0.05 mg/kg
1a
1b
Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive

Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II

This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory of substances to which pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding may not be exposed. Employers are obligated to prevent the exposure of these workers to any agents that may have adverse health effects on either mother or child. The inventory originates from Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP.

Name CAS CLP (1272/2008) CMRs ECCAR Directive 2004/37/EC EU_BA PREGW Notes  
cobalt
7440-48-4
Carc. 1B; Muta. 2; Repr. 1B
yes
Details
Protection of Young People Directive

Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work

This list contains biological and chemical agents, in accordance with Art. 7 and points 2 and 3 of the Annex to Directive 94/33/EC, to which young persons (under 18 years of age) may not be exposed at the workplace. The list is a non-exhaustive inventory of such substances based on: 1) agents of risk groups 3 and 4 under Directive 2000/54/EC; 2) Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation; 3) and Annex I of Directive 2004/37/EC.

Name CAS EC_YOUNG ECCAR Directive 2004/37/EC EU CLP (1272/2008) EU_BA Directive 2000/54/EC Notes  
cobalt
7440-48-4
Carc. 1B; Muta. 2; Repr. 1B; Resp. Sens. 1; Skin Sens. 1
Details
Safety and/or Health Signs at Work Directive

Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes

This list contains hazardous substances based on Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation 1272/2008/EC. According to the annexes to Directive 92/58/EEC, storage areas and containers containing chemical substances or mixtures that are classified as hazardous according to the CLP Regulation must be duly marked and/or labeled. Directive 92/58/EEC requires employers to ensure proper signage is posted in areas where hazards cannot be avoided or reduced.

Name EC Number CAS Index Sustance Description Danger Symbols Restriction Physical form  
cobalt
231-158-0
7440-48-4
027-001-00-9
Health hazard
Details
Toy Safety Directive

Toy Safety Directive - Substances Restricted in Toys

This list contains substances whose use in toys is restricted in the European Union in accordance with points 8 and 13, Part III, and Appendices A and C of Annex II (Particular Safety Requirements) to Directive 2009/48/EC on toy safety. List entries include substance name, CAS number, limit values for certain product types and, where applicable, notes on restrictions.

Name CAS Application Name Expressed As Content limit Emission Limit Restriction(s) SML Notes  
Cobalt
7440-48-4
Dry, brittle, powder-like or pliable toy material
As cobalt
Banned if exceeded the migration limit (without prejudice to points 3, 4 and 5, Part III, Annex II)
10.5 mg/kg
Point 13, Part III, Annex II
These limit values shall not apply to toys or components of toys which, due to their accessibility, function, volume or mass, clearly exclude any hazard due to sucking, licking, swallowing or prolonged contact with skin when used as specified in the first subparagraph of Article 10(2)
Details
Cobalt
7440-48-4
Liquid or sticky toy material
As cobalt
Banned if exceeded the migration limit (without prejudice to points 3, 4 and 5, Part III, Annex II)
2.6 mg/kg
Point 13, Part III, Annex II
These limit values shall not apply to toys or components of toys which, due to their accessibility, function, volume or mass, clearly exclude any hazard due to sucking, licking, swallowing or prolonged contact with skin when used as specified in the first subparagraph of Article 10(2)
Details
Cobalt
7440-48-4
Scraped-off toy material
As cobalt
Banned if exceeded the migration limit (without prejudice to points 3, 4 and 5, Part III, Annex II)
130 mg/kg
Point 13, Part III, Annex II
These limit values shall not apply to toys or components of toys which, due to their accessibility, function, volume or mass, clearly exclude any hazard due to sucking, licking, swallowing or prolonged contact with skin when used as specified in the first subparagraph of Article 10(2)
Details
WFD - Waste Framework Directive

Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties

This list contains substances that have been assigned hazard property (HP) waste codes 1-15, as defined in terms of the hazard class and category, hazard (H) statement, and/or concentration limits provided in Annex III of the Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC. The classifications of the substances listed in the list are based on their harmonised classifications per Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation 1272/2008/EC.

Name EC Number CAS EU CLP (1272/2008) HP Code Index
cobalt
231-158-0
7440-48-4
Carc. 1B
Muta. 2
Repr. 1B
Resp. Sens. 1
Skin Sens. 1
Aquatic Chronic 4
HP7 Carcinogenic: waste which induces cancer or increases its incidence.
HP11 Mutagenic: waste which may cause a mutation, that is a permanent change in the amount or structure of the genetic material in a cell.
HP10 Toxic for reproduction: waste which has adverse effects on sexual function and fertility in adult males and females, as well as developmental toxicity in the offspring.
HP13 Sensitising: waste which contains one or more substances known to cause sensitising effects to the skin or the respiratory organs.
HP14 Ecotoxic: waste which presents or may present immediate or delayed risks for one or more sectors of the environment.
027-001-00-9

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