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Physical & Chemical properties

Flammability

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
flammable gases
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
other information
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: 2g: Data from handbook or collection of data
Cross-reference
Reason / purpose:
reference to same study

Data source

Referenceopen allclose all

Reference Type:
review article or handbook
Title:
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics
Author:
Lide D. R.
Year:
2001
Bibliographic source:
82 edition, CRC Press LLC
Reference Type:
review article or handbook
Title:
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics
Author:
Lide D. R.
Year:
1995
Bibliographic source:
76th edition, CRC Press LLC
Reference Type:
review article or handbook
Title:
Chlorinated Hydrocarbons
Author:
Rossberg M., Lendle W., Pfleiderer G., Tögel A. and Mann T.
Year:
2006
Bibliographic source:
Ullmann Encyclopedia, Wiley-VCH GmbH & Co.
Reference Type:
review article or handbook
Title:
Chlorotoluenes
Author:
Kirk-othmer
Year:
2004
Bibliographic source:
Kirk-othmer encyclopedia of chemical technology, John wiley & sons, 323-337.
Reference Type:
review article or handbook
Title:
Chlorocarbons, -hydrocarbons (benzyl), Kirk-othmer encyclopedia of chemical technology, 3rd edition volume 5, p. 828-829
Author:
Kirk-Othmer
Year:
1979
Bibliographic source:
John Wiley & sons

Materials and methods

Principles of method if other than guideline:
no data
GLP compliance:
not specified

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
no data

Results and discussion

Flammable gases (Lower and upper explosion limit)open allclose all
Parameter:
lower explosion limit
Value:
1.1 % (not further specified)
Parameter:
upper explosion limit
Value:
14 % (not further specified)

Any other information on results incl. tables

The above results are the explosion limits for benzyl chloride in air.

The Rossberg handbook also reports the explosive limits of benzyl chloride in chlorine :

lower explosion limit ca. 6 vol%

upper explosion limit ca. 60 vol%

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
non flammable
Remarks:
Migrated information flash point > 60°C
Conclusions:
These handbooks report the following values regarding the explosive limits of benzyl chloride in air:
lower explosive limit : 1.1 vol%
upper explosive limit: 14 vol%
Since the flashpoint of benzyl chloride is superior to 60°C, it should not be classified as flammable liquid according to the CLP regulation n°1272/2008.
Executive summary:

Data from Handbook: This handbook reports the following values regarding the explosive limits of benzyl chloride in air:

lower explosive limit : 1.1 vol%

upper explosive limit: 14 vol%

Liquids are classified according to the CLP regulation n°1272/2008 as flammable liquids if the flash point of the liquid is inferior or equal to 60°C.

The value assessed for the flash point of benzyl chloride is superior to this threshold. Therefore benzyl chloride should not be classified as a flammable liquid.