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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Eye Contact: Flush eyes thoroughly with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses after the initial 1-2 minutes and continue flushing for several additional minutes. If effects occur, consult a physician, preferably an ophthalmologist.

Skin Contact: Remove material from skin immediately by washing with soap and plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes while washing. Seek medical attention if irritation persists. Wash clothing before reuse. Discard items which cannot be decontaminated, including leather articles such as shoes, belts and watchbands.

Inhalation: Move person to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration; if by mouth to mouth use rescuer protection (pocket mask, etc). If breathing is difficult, oxygen should be administered by qualified personnel. Call a physician or transport to a medical facility.

Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Call a physician and/or transport to emergency facility immediately.

Notes to Physician: Maintain adequate ventilation and oxygenation of the patient. May cause asthma-like (reactive airways) symptoms. Bronchodilators, expectorants, antitussives and corticosteroids may be of help. Because rapid absorption may occur through the lungs if aspirated and cause systemic effects, the decision of whether to induce vomiting or not should be made by a physician. If lavage is performed, suggest endotracheal and/or esophageal control. Danger from lung aspiration must be weighed against toxicity when considering emptying the stomach. If burn is present, treat as any thermal burn, after decontamination. No specific antidote. Treatment of exposure should be directed at the control of symptoms and the clinical condition of the patient.

Medical Conditions Aggravated by Exposure: Excessive exposure may aggravate preexisting asthma and other respiratory disorders (e.g. emphysema, bronchitis, reactive airways dysfunction syndrome).

Emergency Personnel Protection: First Aid responders should pay attention to self-protection and use the recommended protective clothing (chemical resistant gloves, splash protection). If potential for exposure exists refer to Section 8 for specific personal protective equipment.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing Media: Water fog or fine spray. Dry chemical fire extinguishers. Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers. Foam. General purpose synthetic foams (including AFFF type) or protein foams are preferred if available. Alcohol resistant foams (ATC type) may function.

Fire Fighting Procedures: Keep people away. Isolate fire and deny unnecessary entry. Use water spray to cool fire exposed containers and fire affected zone until fire is out and danger of reignition has passed. Fight fire from protected location or safe distance. Consider the use of unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles. Do not use direct water stream. May spread fire. Burning liquids may be moved by flushing with water to protect personnel and minimize property damage. Avoid accumulation of water. Product may be carried across water surface spreading fire or contacting an ignition source. Contain fire water run-off if possible. Fire water run-off, if not contained, may cause environmental damage. Review the "Accidental Release Measures" and the "Ecological Information" sections of this (M)SDS.

Special Protective Equipment for Firefighters: Wear positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and protective fire fighting clothing (includes fire fighting helmet, coat, trousers, boots, and gloves). Avoid contact with this material during fire fighting operations. If contact is likely, change to full chemical resistant fire fighting clothing with self-contained breathing apparatus. If this is not available, wear full chemical resistant clothing with self-contained breathing apparatus and fight fire from a remote location. For protective equipment in post-fire or non-fire clean-up situations, refer to the relevant sections.

Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: Container may rupture from polymerization. Violent steam generation or eruption may occur upon application of direct water stream to hot liquids. Dense smoke is produced when product burns.

Hazardous Combustion Products: During a fire, smoke may contain the original material in addition to combustion products of varying composition which may be toxic and/or irritating. Combustion products may include and are not limited to: Carbon monoxide. Carbon dioxide.

Accidental release measures

Steps to be Taken if Material is Released or Spilled: Small spills: Absorb with materials such as: Sand. Imbiber Beads®. Do NOT use absorbent materials such as: Clay. Vermiculite. Zorb-all®. Large spills: Dike area to contain spill. See Section 13, Disposal Considerations, for additional information.

Personal Precautions: Isolate area. Keep upwind of spill. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from entering the area. Ventilate area of leak or spill. No smoking in area. Refer to Section 7, Handling, for additional precautionary measures. Use appropriate safety equipment. For additional information, refer to Section 8, Exposure Controls and Personal Protection.

Environmental Precautions: Prevent from entering into soil, ditches, sewers, waterways and/or groundwater. See Section 12, Ecological Information.

Handling and storage

Handling
General Handling: Avoid contact with eyes. Avoid contact with skin and clothing. Do not swallow. Avoid breathing vapor. Wash thoroughly after handling. Keep container closed. Use with adequate ventilation. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Containers, even those that have been emptied, can contain vapors. Do not cut, drill, grind, weld, or perform similar operations on or near empty containers. See Section 8, EXPOSURE CONTROLS AND PERSONAL PROTECTION.

Storage
Maintain inhibitor and dissolved oxygen level. Do not purge containers of this material with nitrogen. Uninhibited monomer vapors can polymerize and plug relief devices. Store in a dry place. Store away from direct sunlight. Keep away from high temperatures and hot pipes. Ask for a product brochure. See Section 10 for more specific information. The shelf-life of stored divinylbenzene can be extended with timely aeration. A 5-10 minute air sparge is recommended on a monthly basis for drums & pails stored at temperatures between 21-27°C. Divinylbenzene containers stored at temperatures from 4-21°C need to be aerated according to the table below. With aeration and maintenance of p-tert butylcatechol (TBC) levels above 400-600 ppm the clock is effectively reset to the recommended storage times.
Storage Period: Storage temperature: Aerate within:
12 Months 4 °C 6 Months
8 Months 4 - 10 °C 6 Months
4 Months 10 - 16 °C 4 Months
2 Months 16 - 21 °C 2 Months
1 Months 21 - 27 °C 1 Months
21 - 27 °C
1 Months

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
Not regulated for transport
Shippingopen allclose all
Labels:
Not regulated for transport
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
Not regulated for transport
Shippingopen allclose all
Labels:
Not regulated for transport
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
Not regulated for transport
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Not regulated for transport
Chemical name:
Not regulated for transport
Labels:
Not regulated for transport
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
Not regulated for transport
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Not regulated for transport
Chemical name:
Not regulated for transport
Labels:
Not regulated for transport
Remarksopen allclose all
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

Occupational exposure limits No exposure limits noted for ingredient(s).
Biological limit values No biological exposure limits noted for the ingredient(s).
Recommended monitoring procedures
Follow standard monitoring procedures.
Derived no-effect level (DNEL) Not available.
Predicted no effect concentrations (PNECs)
Not available.
Exposure controls
Appropriate engineering controls Good general ventilation (typically 10 air changes per hour) should be used. Ventilation rates
should be matched to conditions. If applicable, use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation,
or other engineering controls to maintain airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. If
exposure limits have not been established, maintain airborne levels to an acceptable level.
Provide eyewash station.
Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment
General information Personal protection equipment should be chosen according to the CEN standards and in
discussion with the supplier of the personal protective equipment.
Eye/face protection Chemical goggles are recommended.
Skin protection
- Hand protection Wear appropriate chemical resistant gloves. Suitable gloves can be recommended by the glove
supplier.
- Other Wear suitable protective clothing.
Respiratory protection No personal respiratory protective equipment normally required.
Thermal hazards Wear appropriate thermal protective clothing, when necessary.
Hygiene measures Always observe good personal hygiene measures, such as washing after handling the material
and before eating, drinking, and/or smoking. Routinely wash work clothing and protective
equipment to remove contaminants.
Environmental exposure controls Environmental manager must be informed of all major releases

Stability and reactivity

Reactivity The product is stable and non-reactive under normal conditions of use, storage and
transport.
Contact with salt solutions generates acid due to ion exchange.
Contact or mixture with oxidizing agent such as nitric acid may cause ignition or
explosion.[1]
Chemical stability Material is stable under normal conditions. Contact with water or solvents may release trace
amounts of monomers into the liquid.
Possibility of hazardous reactions No dangerous reaction known under conditions of normal use.
Conditions to avoid Contact with incompatible materials.
Incompatible materials Strong oxidising agents.
Hazardous decomposition products Irritating and/or toxic fumes and gases may be emitted upon the product's decomposition.
At thermal decomposition temperatures, NOx, SOx, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.

Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods
Residual waste Dispose of in accordance with local regulations. Empty containers or liners may retain some
product residues. This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe manner
Contaminated packaging Empty containers should be taken to an approved waste handling site for recycling or
disposal. Since emptied containers may retain product residue, follow label warnings even
after container is emptied.
EU waste code The Waste code should be assigned in discussion between the user, the producer and the
waste disposal company.
Disposal methods/information Collect and reclaim or dispose in sealed containers at licensed waste disposal site.
Special precautions Dispose in accordance with all applicable regulations.