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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Skin contact:

Clean well with water and soap and wash with plenty of water at least for 15 minutes.  If irritation persists seek medical advice.

Eyes contact:

Wash with plenty of water at least for 15 minutes.  If irritation persists seek medical advice.


if swallowed seek medical attention immediately and show the Safety Data Sheet or label.

Medical advice:

Gastric lavage. Administer BAL, EDTA, or PENICILAMINE. Treat symptomatically.


Remove patient from exposure into fresh air immediately. Seek medical advice.

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed:

May cause pain in mouth and pharynx, nausea, watery and bloody diarrhoea and/or decrease of blood pressure.

Denaturation of protein with damage at mucosa level, hepatic and renal damage and of the central nervous system, hemolysis. Vomiting with emission of green coloured material, gastric burning, haematic diarrhea, abdominal pain, haemolitic jaundice, hepatic and renal insufficiency, convulsion,

collapse. Fever from metal inhalation. Possible eye and skin irritation.

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed:

Therapy: Gastric lavage with milk-albumin solution. If the copper level in blood is high use chelants; penicillamine if oral administration is practicable, otherwise administer intravenous CaEDTA intramuscular BAL.  For the remainder, treat symptomatically.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media:

Suitable extinguishing media:  Any dry media, carbon dioxide (CO2). If acid has been used, separately collect contaminated water in order to avoid discharge into drains or aquatic environment.

Non-suitable extinguishing media: None, but avoid using plenty of water.

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture:

Toxic gases / fumes of hycrochloric acid (HCl) could be produced.

Advice for firefighters:

Special fire-fighting procedures: Prevent extinguising media from reaching water bodies and sewage.

Protection of fire-fighters: Fire-fighters should wear proper protective equipment and self-contained (positive pressure if available) breathing apparatus with full face piece.

Accidental release measures

Personal precaution, protective equipment and emergency procedures:

For non-emergency personnel:

Protect all body parts adequaltely. The air passages must be protected (suitable filter mask FFP2/P2). Remove all unauthorised people, children and animals. Prevent the product reaching water bodies or sewage. If this should happen advise the competent authority immediately.

For emergency personnel:

Wear plastic disposable overalls, FFP2/P2 filter mask, rubber gloves and protective eye goggles or total face protection.

Environmental precautions:

Use sand or soil to contain loss of product.

Prevent the product from entering water courses or sewers; if this should happen advise the competent authority immediately.

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up:

Cover drains near the polluted area. Vacuum up the product if possible, otherwise cover the product with sand or soil and clean it up carefully.  Put it into another clean and dry container, close and remove it from the area. Do not clean the contaminated area with water. If necessary, arrange

disposal to an authorised area. Contact the local Waste Disposal Authority.

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling:

Avoid dust formation. Do not breathe dust. Handle in a well ventilated area or wear adequate respiratory protection (FFP2/P2 filter mask). Avoid contact with skin and eyes using working clothes, gloves and protective glasses. Do not eat, smoke or drink during use. After use keep the packaging tightly closed.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities:

Keep in sealed containers away from humidity and sunlight.  Store the product in a well ventilated warehouse away from flammable products. Keep out of the reach of children, animals and unauthorised people. Keep away from food, drink and feeding stuff.

Incompatibility: None known. Cu++ in presence of water/humidity is corrosive to iron.

Packaging material: Multilayer paper bags or multicomponent plasic bags (both lined with polypropylene).

Specific end uses:

Refer to section 3.5.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Stability and reactivity

Disposal considerations