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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to birds

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
short-term toxicity to birds: acute oral toxicity test
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Basic data given: publication acceptable with restrictions

Data source

Referenceopen allclose all

Reference Type:
publication
Title:
The Acute Oral Toxicity, Repellency, and Hazard Potential of 998 Chemicals to One or More Species of Wild and Domestic Birds.
Author:
Schafer EW et al.
Year:
1983
Bibliographic source:
Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 12: 355-382
Reference Type:
secondary source
Title:
SIDS Initial Assessment Report for SIAM 15 (n-Butyl acrylate) October 22-25, 2002 Boston, Final March 2005.
Author:
OECD SIDS
Year:
2005
Bibliographic source:
UNEP Publications

Materials and methods

Principles of method if other than guideline:
The birds were usually dosed by gavage with solutions or suspensions of the test chemical in propylene glycol according to the methods described by DeCino et al. (1966), Schafer (1972) and Schafer et al. (1967).Other oral dosing methods were occasionally used (pellets, gelatin capsules), but are not noted in the tables (Schafer 1972).

DeCino et al. (1966). J. Wildl. Manage. 30: 249
Schafer et al. (1967). J. Agric. Food Chem. 15: 287
(Schafer 1972) Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 21: 315
GLP compliance:
not specified

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): n-butyl acrylate
- Analytical purity: no data
Dose method:
gavage
Analytical monitoring:
not specified
Vehicle:
yes

Test organisms

Test organisms (species):
other: Agelaius phoeniceus
Details on test organisms:
Wild-trapped birds were preconditioned to captivity for 2 to 6 weeks.

Study design

Limit test:
no
Control animals:
not specified

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Duration (if not bolus):
18 h
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
>= 103 mg/kg bw
Basis for effect:
mortality

Applicant's summary and conclusion