Registration Dossier

Environmental fate & pathways

Monitoring data

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
monitoring data
Type of information:
other: published data
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
study well documented, meets generally accepted scientific principles, acceptable for assessment
Justification for type of information:
Monitoring is carried out for carbon dioxide which is expected to be released during the use of S-allyl O-pentyl dithiocarbonate

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
publication
Title:
National Occupational Exposure Survey conducted from 1981-1983.
Author:
NIOSH; NOES.
Year:
1983
Bibliographic source:
Estimated numbers of employees potentially exposed to specific agents by 2-digit standard industrial classification (SIC).

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
no guideline followed
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Monitoring is carried out for carbon dioxide which is expected to be released during the use of S-allyl O-pentyl dithiocarbonate
GLP compliance:
not specified
Type of measurement:
concentration at contaminated site
Media:
air

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
aerosol dispenser: not specified
Remarks:
migrated information: aerosol
Details on test material:
Monitoring is carried out for carbon dioxide which is expected to be released during use of S-allyl O-pentyl dithiocarbonate

Results and discussion

Concentration
Country:
United States (the)
Location:
Lake Tahoe, CA, Pomona, CA, and Orange County, CA
Substance or metabolite:
substance
Details on results:
NIOSH (NOES Survey 1981-1983) has statistically estimated that 1,121,046 workers (222,613 of these were female) were potentially exposed to carbon dioxide in the US(1). The NOES Survey does not include farm workers. Occupational exposure to carbon dioxide may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplaces where carbon dioxide is produced or used. Carbon dioxide is ubiquitous in the environment(2) and, therefore, the general population may be exposed to carbon dioxide via inhalation of ambient air, ingestion of food and drinking water, and dermal contact with carbon dioxide(SRC).

Any other information on results incl. tables

Carbon dioxide CAS number: 124–38–9

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS: 


TLV: 5000 ppm as TWA; 30000 ppm as STEL; (ACGIH 2006). 
MAK: 5000 ppm, 9100 mg/m3; 
Peak limitation category: II(2); 
(DFG 2006). 
OSHA PEL†: TWA 5000 ppm (9000 mg/m3) 
NIOSH REL: TWA 5000 ppm (9000 mg/m3) ST 30,000 ppm (54,000 mg/m3) 
NIOSH IDLH:40,000 ppm 

 

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
NIOSH (NOES Survey 1981-1983) has statistically estimated that 1,121,046 workers (222,613 of these were female) were potentially exposed to carbon dioxide in the US(1). The NOES Survey does not include farm workers. Occupational exposure to carbon dioxide may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplaces where carbon dioxide is produced or used. Carbon dioxide is ubiquitous in the environment(2) and, therefore, the general population may be exposed to carbon dioxide via inhalation of ambient air, ingestion of food and drinking water, and dermal contact with carbon dioxide(SRC)
Executive summary:

NIOSH (NOES Survey 1981-1983) has statistically estimated that 1,121,046 workers (222,613 of these were female) were potentially exposed to carbon dioxide in the US(1). The NOES Survey does not include farm workers. Occupational exposure to carbon dioxide may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplaces where carbon dioxide is produced or used. Carbon dioxide is ubiquitous in the environment(2) and, therefore, the general population may be exposed to carbon dioxide via inhalation of ambient air, ingestion of food and drinking water, and dermal contact with carbon dioxide(SRC)