Registration Dossier

Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

General information

Take off contaminated clothing and shoes immediately. In the case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible). In case of shortness of breath, give oxygen. Keep victim warm. Keep victim under observation. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved, and take precautions to protect themselves.


Description of first aid measures

Inhalation
Move to fresh air. For breathing difficulties, oxygen may be necessary. Induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim inhaled the substance. Get medical attention if symptoms occur.

Skin contact
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash off with warm water and soap. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin. Get medical attention if irritation develops and persists.

Eye contact
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Get medical attention if symptoms occur. Continue rinsing.

Ingestion
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTRE or doctor/physician. Never give anything by mouth to a victim who is unconscious or is having convulsions. If swallowed, rinse mouth with water (only if the person is conscious). Do not induce vomiting without medical advice. If vomiting occurs, keep head low so that stomach content doesn't get into the lungs.


Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

Inhalation of vapours or mists of the product may be irritating to the respiratory system.


Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

In case of shortness of breath, give oxygen. Keep victim warm. Keep victim under observation. Provide general supportive measures and treat symptomatically. Symptoms may be delayed.

Fire-fighting measures

General fire hazards

Material can accumulate static charges from material handling management. Bond and ground as appropriate while recognizing that bonding and grounding alone may be insufficient to eliminate the potential hazard from static-accumulating flammable liquids. For additional recommendations, consult an applicable guideline such as National Fire Protection Association [NFPA] 77, "Recommended Practices on Static Electricity" and API RP "Recommended Practice 2003, Protection Against Ignitions Arising out of Static, Lightning, and Stay Currents" (2008). NOTE: The Lower Explosive Limit [LEL] for organic liquids can range from as low as 0.5 - 1 %.


Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media: Water fog. Foam. Dry chemical powder. Carbon dioxide (CO2).
Unsuitable extinguishing media: Do not use water jet as an extinguisher, as this will spread the fire.


Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.


Advice for firefighters

Special protective equipment for firefighters:
Firefighters must use standard protective equipment including flame retardant coat, helmet with face shield, gloves, rubber boots, and in enclosed spaces, SCBA. Structural firefighters protective clothing will only provide limited protection.

Special fire fighting procedures:
In case of fire and/or explosion do not breathe fumes. For massive fire in cargo area, use unmanned hose holder or monitor nozzles, if possible. If not, withdraw and let fire burn out. In the event of fire, cool tanks with water spray. ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in flame. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety device or any discolouration of tanks due to fire. Move containers from fire area if you can do so without risk. Firefighters must use standard protective equipment including flame retardant coat, helmet with face shield, gloves, rubber boots, and in enclosed spaces, SCBA. Vapours may be heavier than air and may travel along the ground to some distant source of ignition and flash back.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

For non-emergency personnel: Keep people away from and upwind of spill/leak. Avoid inhalation of vapours and spray mists. Keep out of low areas. Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Ventilate closed spaces before entering them. Follow facility/company's emergency plans.

For emergency responders: Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Keep upwind. Avoid inhalation of vapours and spray mists. Wear appropriate protective equipment and clothing during clean-up. Remove all sources of ignition. Ventilate closed spaces before entering them.


Environmental precautions

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Eliminate sources of ignition. Ventilate the contaminated area. Prevent spreading over a wide area (e.g. by containment or oil barriers). Prevent entry into waterways, sewer, basements or confined areas. In the event of a spill or accidental release, notify relevant authorities in accordance with all applicable regulations.


Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

Eliminate ignition sources including sources of electrical, static or frictional sparks. Ventilate the contaminated area. Extinguish all flames in the vicinity. Wear appropriate protective equipment and clothing during clean-up.

Large spills: Dike the spilled material, where this is possible. Cover with plastic sheet to prevent spreading. Use a non-combustible material like vermiculite, sand or earth to soak up the product and place into a container for later disposal. Clean surface thoroughly to remove residual contamination.

Small spills: Wipe up with absorbent material (e.g. cloth, fleece). Clean surface thoroughly to remove residual contamination. This material is classified as a water pollutant under the Clean Water Act and should be prevented from contaminating soil or from entering sewage and drainage systems which lead to waterways.

Never return spills in original containers for re-use.


Reference to other sections

For waste disposal see Section "Disposal considerations".

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling

DO NOT handle, store or open near an open flame, sources of heat or sources of ignition. Protect material from direct sunlight. All equipment used when handling the product must be grounded. Use good personal hygiene practices. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get this material in contact with eyes. Do not get this material in contact with skin. Do not get this material on clothing. Wear personal protective equipment. Do not use in areas without adequate ventilation. Avoid prolonged exposure. Wash thoroughly after handling. "Empty" containers retain product residue (liquid or vapour) and can be dangerous. Do not re-use empty containers.
Organics can obtain an electrostatic charge during processing activities including: storage, mixing, filtering, or pumping which may represent a spark hazard and, therefore, a fire hazard. Also, a sudden release of such materials from storage or process equipment particularly at elevated temperatures, and/or pressures, can result in ignitions from static absent any apparent ignition source. Flashpoint and autoignition values obtained from standard test conditions may not be applicable to other situations and, thus, the safe use of this material in any process should be reviewed by one familiar with both the storage, processing conditions and this material. Note: materials that are static accumulators may have such high potential differences created that such a situation may result in a discharge as sparks capable of causing ignition of organic vapors. Such discharges can occur from insulated conductors (plant items, drums), bulk liquids, mists and insulating plastic materials.


Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Use care in handling/storage. The pressure in sealed containers can increase under the influence of heat. Keep away from heat and sources of ignition. This material can accumulate static charge which may cause spark and become an ignition source. Prevent electrostatic charge build-up by using common bonding and grounding techniques. Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.


Specific end use(s)

Not available.

Transport information

Land transport (ADR/RID)

UN number:
UN 3145
Shippingopen allclose all
Class:
8
Packaging group:
III
Labels:
8
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Inland waterway transport (ADN(R))

UN number:
-
Shippingopen allclose all
Class:
-
Classification code:
-
Packaging group:
-
Labels:
-
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (IMDG)

UN number:
UN 3145
Proper shipping name and description:
ALKYLPHENOLS, LIQUID, N.O.S. (para-nonylphenol)
Chemical name:
para-nonylphenol
Class:
8
Packaging group:
III
EmS code:
NMFC Item 60000fgt. cl. 70
Labels:
8
Marine pollutant
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport ICAO/IATA

UN number:
UN 3145
Proper shipping name and description:
Alkylphenols, liquid, n.o.s.
Chemical name:
para-nonylphenol
Class:
8
Packaging group:
III
Labels:
8
Remarksopen allclose all
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

Recommended monitoring procedures

Additional exposure data: All PPE use is to be determined by a qualified person



Control parameters

Occupational exposure limits

France
No exposure limits noted for the ingredient(s).

Switzerland
No exposure limits noted for the ingredient(s).

United Kingdom
No exposure limits noted for the ingredient(s).

EU
No exposure limits noted for the ingredient(s).


Derived No Effect Level (DNEL): Not available.

Predicted no effect concentrations (PNECs): Not available.

Recommended monitoring procedures: Not available.



Exposure controls

Appropriate engineering controls

Ensure adequate ventilation, especially in confined areas. Ventilation should be sufficient to effectively remove, and prevent buildup of, any vapors, dusts or fumes that may be generated during handling or thermal processing. In order to ensure appropriate electrical safety practices are followed, consult applicable standards. These may include guidelines such as the National Fire Protection Association [NFPA] 70, "The National Electrical Code" and NFPA 499, "Recommended Practice for the Classification of Combustible Dusts and of Hazardous (Classified Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas". NOTE: since this material's vapors, dust or fumes can form explosive mixtures in air, ensure that any potential areas where explosions may occur are designed to minimize potential damage. For recommendations to prevent such explosions and associated damage, consult applicable guidelines such as NFPA 69, "Standard on Explosion Prevention Systems" and/or NFPA 68, "Guide for Venting Deflagrations".


Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment

General information: Avoid contact with eyes. Avoid contact with skin.

Eye/face protection: Avoid contact with eyes. Wear safety glasses with side shields (or goggles). If splashes are likely to occur, wear: Face-shield. Eye wash fountain is recommended.

Skin protection:
-Hand protection: Wear protective gloves.
-Other: Do not get this material in contact with skin. Wear suitable protective clothing.

Respiratory protection: Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray. If engineering controls do not maintain airborne concentrations below recommended exposure limits (where applicable) or to an acceptable level (in countries where exposure limits have not been established), an approved respirator must be worn. Use a positive-pressure air-supplied respirator if there is any potential for an uncontrolled release, exposure levels are not known, or any other circumstances where air-purifying respirators may not provide adequate protection.

Thermal hazards: Not available.


Hygiene measures

Do not get in eyes, on skin, on clothing. Wash hands after handling and before eating. Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practices.


Environmental exposure controls

Not available.




Stability and reactivity

Reactivity
None known.

Chemical stability
Material is stable under normal conditions.

Possibility of hazardous reactions
Hazardous polymerisation does not occur.

Conditions to avoid
Avoid heat, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources.

Incompatible materials
Incompatible with oxidizing agents.

Hazardous decomposition products
Upon decomposition, this product emits carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and/or low molecular weight hydrocarbons.

Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods

Residual waste: Dispose of in accordance with local regulations.
Contaminated packaging: Do not re-use empty containers. Empty containers should be taken to an approved waste handling site for recycling or disposal.
EU waste code: Waste codes should be assigned by the user based on the application for which the product was used.
Disposal methods/information: Dispose in accordance with all applicable regulations. In the EU, the waste should be classified in accordance with regulations made under the Directive 91/689/EEC. Must be incinerated in a suitable incineration plant holding a permit delivered by the competent authorities. Do not allow this material to drain into sewers/water supplies.