Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Genetic toxicity in vitro

Description of key information

Tallow tripropylenetetraamine was not mutagenic in a bacterial mutagenicity study (Ames test), induced no chromosomal aberrations in a study in human lymphocytes, and was not mutagenic in a mammalian mutagenicity study in mouse lymphoma cells. All studies were performed under GLP according to current guidelines.

Link to relevant study records

Referenceopen allclose all

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
24-jun-2009 to 06-jul-2009
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: The study has been performed according to OECD and/or EC guidelines and according to GLP principles
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.13/14 (Mutagenicity - Reverse Mutation Test Using Bacteria)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay
Target gene:
- S. typhimurium: Histidine gene
- E. coli: Tryptophan gene
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Species / strain / cell type:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
Rat liver S9-mix induced by a combination of phenobarbital and ß-naphthoflavone
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
Experiment 1:
Preliminary test (without and with S9) TA100 and WP2uvrA: 0.3, 1, 3, 10, 33, 100, 333, 1000, 3330 and 5000 µg/plate
Main study: TA1535, TA1537 and TA98:
Without S9-mix: 0.3, 1, 3, 10, 16 and 33 µg/plate
With S9-mix: 0.3, 1, 3, 10, 33 and 66 µg/plate.
Experiment 2:
TA1535 and TA1537
Without and with S9-mix: 0.3, 1, 3, 10, 33 and 66 µg/plate
TA98 and TA100
Without S9-mix: 0.3, 1, 3, 10, 16 and 33 µg/plate
With S9-mix: 0.3, 1, 3, 10, 33 and 66 µg/plate
WP2uvrA
Without and with S9-mix: 1, 3, 10, 33, 66 and 100 µg/plate
Vehicle / solvent:
- Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: ethanol
- Justification for choice of solvent/vehicle: Accepted and approved by authorities and international guidelines
Untreated negative controls:
no
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
Remarks:
: ethanol
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
sodium azide
Remarks:
without S9 Migrated to IUCLID6: 5 µg/plate in saline for TA1535
Positive control substance:
9-aminoacridine
Remarks:
without S9 Migrated to IUCLID6: 60 µg/plate in water for TA1537
Positive control substance:
2-nitrofluorene
Remarks:
without S9 Migrated to IUCLID6: 10 µg/plate in DMSO for TA98
Positive control substance:
methylmethanesulfonate
Remarks:
without S9 Migrated to IUCLID6: 650 µg/plate in DMSO for TA100
Positive control substance:
4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide
Remarks:
without S9 Migrated to IUCLID6: 10 µg/plate in DMSO for WP2uvrA
Positive control substance:
other: 2-aminoanthracene in DMSO for all strains
Remarks:
with S9
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
METHOD OF APPLICATION: in agar (plate incorporation)

DURATION
- Exposure duration: 48 hours

NUMBER OF REPLICATIONS:
- Doses of the test substance were tested in triplicate in each strain. Two independent experiments were conducted.

DETERMINATION OF CYTOTOXICITY
- The reduction of the bacterial background lawn, the increase in the size of the microcolonies and the reduction of the revertant colonies

OTHER:
- Precipitation of the test substance on the plate
Evaluation criteria:
A test substance is considered negative (not mutagenic) in the test if:
a) The total number of revertants in tester strain TA100 is not greater than two (2) times the concurrent control, and the total number of revertants in tester strains TA1535, TA1537, TA98 or WP2uvrA is not greater than three (3) times the concurrent control.
b) The negative response should be reproducible in at least one independently repeated experiment.

A test substance is considered positive if:
a) A two-fold (TA100) or more or a three-fold (TA1535, TA1537, TA98, WP2uvrA) or more increase above solvent control in the mean number of revertant colonies is observed in the test substance group.
b) The increase in the mean number of revertant colonies follows the concentration of test substance (dose-response relationship).
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Additional information on results:
TEST-SPECIFIC CONFOUNDING FACTORS
- Precipitation: Slight precipitation was observed at dose levels of 3330 and 5000 µg/plate

RANGE-FINDING/SCREENING STUDIES:
- In tester strain TA100, toxicity was observed at dose levels of 33 μg/plate and above in the absence and presence of S9-mix. In tester strain WP2uvrA, toxicity was observed at dose levels of 100 μg/plate and above in the absence and presence of S9-mix.

COMPARISON WITH HISTORICAL CONTROL DATA:
- The negative and strain-specific positive control values were within our laboratory historical control data ranges indicating that the test conditions were adequate and that the metabolic activation system functioned properly.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CYTOTOXICITY:
TA1535: without S9: 33 µg/plate and above and with S9: 66 µg/plate and above
TA1537: without S9: 33 µg/plate and above and with S9: 66 µg/plate and above
TA98: without S9: 33 µg/plate and above and with S9: 66 µg/plate and above
TA100: without S9: 33 µg/plate and above and with S9: 33 µg/plate and above
WP2uvrA: without S9: 100 µg/plate and above and with S9: 33 µg/plate and above
Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information):
negative

Based on the results of this study it is concluded that Tallow tripropylenetetramine is not mutagenic in the Salmonella typhimurium reverse mutation assay and in the Escherichia coli reverse mutation assay.
Executive summary:

Tallow tripropylenetetramine was tested in the Salmonella typhimurium reverse mutation assay with four histidine-requiring strains of Salmonella typhimurium (TA1535, TA1537, TA98 and TA100) and in the Escherichia coli reverse mutation assay with a tryptophan-requiring strain of Escherichia coli (WP2uvrA).

 

The test was performed in two independent experiments in the presence and absence of S9-mix (rat liver S9-mix induced by a combination of phenobarbital and ß-naphthoflavone).

The study procedures described in this report were based on the most recent OECD and EC guidelines.

Batch S001255 of Tallow tripropylenetetramine was a white paste. The test substance was dissolved in ethanol. The dose range finding study was reported as part of the first experiment of the mutation assay.

 

Tallow tripropylenetetramine precipitated on the plates at dose levels of 3330 and 5000 μg/plate.

 

Cytotoxicity, as evidenced by a decrease in the number of revertants and/or a reduction of the bacterial background lawn, was observed in all tester strains in the absence and presence of S9- mix. With the exception of tester strain TA1537 (without S9-mix, first experiment) and WP2uvrA (with S9-mix, second experiment), in which no cytotoxicity was observed. However, since toxicity was observed in the independent repeat experiments, in dose levels just above the highest dose level tested in these experiments, the validity of the test was considered to be not affected by this lack of toxicity in two tester strains.

All bacterial strains showed negative responses over the entire dose range, i.e. no significant dose-related increase in the number of revertants in two independently repeated experiments.

The negative and strain-specific positive control values were within the laboratory historical control data ranges indicating that the test conditions were adequate and that the metabolic activation system functioned properly.

Based on the results of this study it is concluded that Tallow tripropylenetetramine is not mutagenic in the Salmonella typhimurium reverse mutation assay and in the Escherichia coli reverse mutation assay.

Endpoint:
in vitro cytogenicity / chromosome aberration study in mammalian cells
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: chromosome aberration
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
19-jun-2009 to 03-aug-2009
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: The study has been performed according to OECD and/or EC guidelines and according to GLP principles.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 473 (In Vitro Mammalian Chromosome Aberration Test)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.10 (Mutagenicity - In Vitro Mammalian Chromosome Aberration Test)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of assay:
in vitro mammalian chromosome aberration test
Species / strain / cell type:
lymphocytes: human peripheral
Details on mammalian cell type (if applicable):
- Type and identity of media:
Blood samples
Blood samples were collected by venapuncture using the Venoject multiple sample blood collecting system with a suitable size sterile vessel containing sodium heparin. Immediately after blood collection lymphocyte cultures were started.

Culture medium
Culture medium consisted of RPMI 1640 medium, supplemented with 20% (v/v) heat-inactivated (56°C; 30 min) foetal calf serum, L-glutamine (2 mM), penicillin/streptomycin (50 U/ml and 50 µg/ml respectively) and 30 U/ml heparin.

Lymphocyte cultures
Whole blood (0.4 ml) treated with heparin was added to 5 ml or 4.8 ml culture medium (in the absence and presence of S9-mix, respectively). Per culture 0.1 ml (9 mg/ml) phytohaemagglutinin was added.
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
Rat liver S9-mix induced by a combination of phenobarbital and ß-naphthoflavone
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
Dose range finding test:
Without and with S9-mix, 3hr exposure; 24 hr fixation: 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 µg/ml
Without S9-mix, 24/48hr exposure; 24/48 hr fixation: 2, 3, 10, 33, 100 and 333 µg/ml
First cytogenetic test:
Without S9-mix, 3 h exposure time, 24 h fixation time: 5, 10 and 20 µg/ml
With S9-mix, 3 h exposure, 24 h fixation time: 10, 20 and 30 µg/ml
Second cytogenetic test:
Without S9-mix, 24 hr exposure; 24 hr fixation: 7, 20 and 25 µg/ml
Without S9-mix, 48 hr exposure; 48 hr fixation: 10, 20 and 25 µg/ml
With S9-mix, 3 hr exposure; 48 hr fixation: 20, 30 and 35 µg/ml
Vehicle / solvent:
- Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: ethanol
- Justification for choice of solvent/vehicle: Test compound was stable in ethanol and ethanol has been accepted and approved by authorities and international guidelines

Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
mitomycin C
Remarks:
without S9 Migrated to IUCLID6: : in Hank's Balanced Salt Solution: 0.5 µg/ml for a 3 h exposure period, 0.2 µg/ml for a 24 h exposure period and 0.1 µg/ml for a 48 h exposure period
Positive control substance:
cyclophosphamide
Remarks:
with S9 Migrated to IUCLID6: : in Hank's Balanced Salt Solution: 10 µg/ml
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
METHOD OF APPLICATION: in medium

DURATION
- Preincubation period: 48 hr
- Exposure duration: 3 hr (with and without S9-mix), 24 and 48 hr (without S9-mix)
- Fixation time (start of exposure up to fixation or harvest of cells): 24 and 48 hr

SPINDLE INHIBITOR (cytogenetic assays): colchicine
STAIN (for cytogenetic assays): Giemsa

NUMBER OF REPLICATIONS: duplicates in two independent experiments

NUMBER OF CELLS EVALUATED: 100 metaphase chromosome spreads per culture

DETERMINATION OF CYTOTOXICITY
- Method: mitotic index of each culture was determined by counting the number of metaphases per 1000 cells

OTHER EXAMINATIONS:
- Determination of polyploidy: yes
- Determination of endoreplication: yes

Evaluation criteria:
A test substance was considered positive (clastogenic) in the chromosome aberration test if:
a) It induced a dose-related statistically significant (Chi-square test, one-sided, p < 0.05) increase in the number of cells with chromosome aberrations.
b) A statistically significant and biologically relevant increase in the frequencies of the number of cells with chromosome aberrations was observed in the absence of a clear dose-response relationship.

A test substance was considered negative (not clastogenic) in the chromosome aberration test if none of the tested concentrations induced a statistically significant (Chi-square test, one-sided, p < 0.05) increase in the number of cells with chromosome aberrations.
Statistics:
The incidence of aberrant cells (cells with one or more chromosome aberrations, gaps included or excluded) for each exposure group outside the laboratory historical control data range was compared to that of the solvent control using Chi-square statistics.
Species / strain:
lymphocytes: human peripheral
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Additional information on results:
TEST-SPECIFIC CONFOUNDING FACTORS
- Effects of pH: No
- Effects of osmolality: No
- Precipitation: at doses of 100 µg/ml and above

RANGE-FINDING/SCREENING STUDIES:
- Toxicity was observed at dose levels of 20 µg/ml and above in the absence of S9, 3 hr treatment/24 hr fixation; at dose levels of 10 µg/ml and above in the absence of S9 for the continuous treatment of 24 and 48 and at dose levels of 30 µg/ml and above in the presence of S9, 3 hours treatment, 24 hours fixation

COMPARISON WITH HISTORICAL CONTROL DATA:
- The number of cells with chromosome aberrations found in the solvent and positive control cultures was within the laboratory historical control data range.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CYTOTOXICITY:
- Appropriate toxicity was reached at the dose levels selected for scoring.
Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information):
negative

Tallow tripropylenetetramine is not clastogenic in human lymphocytes under the experimental conditions described in this report. Tallow tripropylenetetramine may have the potential to disturb mitotic
Executive summary:

Tallow tripropylenetetraminewas studied for its effect on the number of chromosome aberrations in cultured peripheral human lymphocytes in the presence and absence of a metabolic activation system (phenobarbital and ß-naphthoflavone induced rat liver S9 -mix), in two independent experiments.

The study was performedunder GLP and according to the most recent OECD and EU guidelines.

 

Batch S001255 of Tallow tripropylenetetramine was a white paste. Tallow tripropylenetetramine was dissolved in ethanol.

 

In the first cytogenetic assay, Tallow tripropylenetetramine was tested up to 20 and 30 μg/ml for a 3 h exposure time with a 24 h fixation time in the absence and presence of 1.8% (v/v) S9-fraction, respectively. Appropriate toxicity was reached at these dose levels.

In the second cytogenetic assay, Tallow tripropylenetetramine was tested up to 25 μg/ml for a 24 h and 48 h continuous exposure time with a 24 h and 48 h fixation time in the absence of S9-mix. In the presence of S9-mix Tallow tripropylenetetramine was tested up to 35 μg/ml for a 3 h exposure time with a 48 h fixation time. Appropriate toxicity was reached at these dose levels.

The number of cells with chromosome aberrations found in the solvent control cultures was within the laboratory historical control data range. Positive control chemicals, mitomycin C and cyclophosphamide, both produced a statistically significant increase in the incidence of cells with chromosome aberrations, indicating that the test conditions were adequate and that the metabolic activation system (S9-mix) functioned properly.

Tallow tripropylenetetramine did not induce a statistically significant or biologically relevant increase in the number of cells with chromosome aberrations in the absence and presence of S9-mix, in either of the two independently repeated experiments.

It was noted that Tallow tripropylenetetramine increased the number of polyploid cells both in the absence and presence of S9-mix in a dose dependent manner in the first and second cytogenetic assay. This may indicate that Tallow tripropylenetetramine has the potential to inhibit mitotic processes and to induce numerical chromosome aberrations.

No effects of Tallow tripropylenetetramine on the number of cells with endoreduplicated chromosomes were observed both in the absence and presence of S9-mix in both cytogenetic assays.

Finally, it is concluded that this test is valid and that Tallow tripropylenetetramine is not clastogenic in human lymphocytes under the experimental conditions described in this report. Tallow tripropylenetetramine may have the potential to disturb mitotic processes and to induce numerical chromosome aberrations.

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in mammalian cells
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
24-jun-2009 to 17-aug-2009
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: The study has been performed according to OECD and/or EC guidelines and according to GLP principles.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 476 (In Vitro Mammalian Cell Gene Mutation Test)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.17 (Mutagenicity - In Vitro Mammalian Cell Gene Mutation Test)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: The recommendations of the “International Workshop on Genotoxicity Tests Workgroup” (the IWGT), published in the literature (Clive et al., 1995, Moore et al., 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2006 and 2007)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of assay:
mammalian cell gene mutation assay
Target gene:
Thymidine kinase (TK) locus in L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells
Species / strain / cell type:
mouse lymphoma L5178Y cells
Details on mammalian cell type (if applicable):
- Type and identity of media:
-RPMI 1640 Hepes buffered medium (Dutch modification) containing penicillin/streptomycin (50 U/ml and 50 μg/ml, respectively), 1 mM sodium pyruvate (Sigma) and 2 mM L-glutamin (Invitrogen Corporation) supplemented with 10% (v/v) heat-inactivated horse serum (=R10 medium).
- Properly maintained: yes
- Periodically checked for Mycoplasma contamination: yes
- Periodically checked for karyotype stability: no
- Periodically "cleansed" against high spontaneous background: yes
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
Rat liver S9-mix induced by a combination of phenobarbital and ß-naphthoflavone
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
Dose range finding test:
Without and with S9-mix, 3 hours treatment: 0.3, 1, 3, 10, 33, 100 and 333 µg/ml
Without S9-mix, 24 hours treatment: 0.1, 0.3, 1, 3, 10, 33 and 100 µg/ml
Experiment 1:
Without S9-mix, 3 hours treatment: 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3 and 3.5 μg/ml
With S9-mix, 3 hours treatment: 1, 10, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22 and 24 μg/ml
Experiment 2
Without S9-mix, 24 hours treatment: 0.4, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6, 2, 2.4, 2.8 and 3.2 µg/ml
With S9-mix, 3 hours treatment: 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 32.5, 35 and 37.5 μg/ml

Vehicle / solvent:
- Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: ethanol
- Justification for choice of solvent/vehicle: Stability in ethanol is known and ethanol is accepted and approved by authorities and international guidelines
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
methylmethanesulfonate
Remarks:
without S9 Migrated to IUCLID6: 15 µg/ml for the 3 hours treatment period and 5 µg/ml for the 24 hours treatment period
Positive control substance:
cyclophosphamide
Remarks:
with S9 Migrated to IUCLID6: 7.5 µg/ml
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
METHOD OF APPLICATION: in medium

DURATION
- Exposure duration:
Short-term treatment
With and without S9-mix; 3 hours
Prolonged treatment period
Without S9-mix: 24 hours
- Expression time (cells in growth medium): 2 days
- Selection time (if incubation with a selection agent): 11 to 12 days

SELECTION AGENT (mutation assays): 5 µg/ml trifluorothymidine (TFT)

NUMBER OF REPLICATIONS:
- Solvent controls: Duplo cultures
- Treatment groups and positive control: Single cultures

NUMBER OF CELLS EVALUATED: 9.6 x 105 cells/concentration

DETERMINATION OF CYTOTOXICITY
- Method: relative suspension growth (dose range finding test) and relative total growth (mutation experiments)

RANGE-FINDING/SCREENING STUDIES:
-The suspension growth expressed as the reduction in cell growth after approximately 24 and 48 hours or only 24 hours cell growth, compared to the cell growth of the solvent control, was used to determine an appropriate dose range for the mutagenicity tests
Evaluation criteria:
The global evaluation factor (GEF) has been defined by the IWTG as the mean of the negative/solvent MF distribution plus one standard deviation. For the micro well version of the assay the GEF is 126 (ref. 12).

A test substance is considered positive (mutagenic) in the mutation assay if:
a) It induces a MF of more then MF(controls) + 126 in a dose-dependent manner; or
b) In case a repeat experiment is performed when a positive response is observed in one of the tester strains, the positive response should be reproducible in at least one independently repeated experiment.
An observed increase should be biologically relevant and will be compared with the historical control data range.

A test substance is considered equivocal (questionable) in the mutation assay if no clear conclusion for positive or negative result can be made after an additional confirmation study.

A test substance is considered negative (not mutagenic) in the mutation assay if:
a) None of the tested concentrations reaches a mutation frequency of MF(controls) + 126.
b) The results are confirmed in an independently repeated test.
Species / strain:
mouse lymphoma L5178Y cells
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Additional information on results:
TEST-SPECIFIC CONFOUNDING FACTORS
- Effects of pH: No
- Effects of osmolality: No
- Precipitation: Precipitation in the exposure medium was observed at dose levels of 100 µg/ml and above at the start of the treatment.

RANGE-FINDING/SCREENING STUDIES:
- Toxicity was observed at dose levels of 3 µg/ml in the absence of S9, 3 hours treatment; at dose levels of 33 µg/ml in the presence of S9, 3 hours treatment; at dose levels of 10 µg/ml in the absence of S9, 24 hours treatment

COMPARISON WITH HISTORICAL CONTROL DATA:
The spontaneous mutation frequencies in the solvent-treated control cultures were between the minimum and maximum value of the historical control data range and within the acceptability criteria of this assay.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CYTOTOXICITY:
In the absence of S9-mix, the relative total growth of the highest test substance concentration was reduced by 79 and 83% compared to the total growth of the solvent controls after the 3 and 24 hours treatment period, respectively.

In the presence of S9-mix, the relative total growth of the highest test substance concentration was reduced by 85 and 73% compared to the total growth of the solvent controls after the 3 hours treatment period in the first and second experiment , respectively.
Remarks on result:
other: strain/cell type: L5178Y/TK+/--3.7.2C
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.
Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information):
negative

It is concluded that Tallow tripropylenetetramine is not mutagenic in the mouse lymphoma L5178Y test system under the experimental conditions described in this report.
Executive summary:

Tallow tripropylenetetramine was evaluated for its possible induction of forward mutations at the thymidine-kinase locus (TK-locus) in L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells. The test was performed in two independent experiments in the absence and presence of S9-mix. The study was performed under GLP and according to the most recent OECD and EU guidelines.

 

Batch S001255 of Tallow tripropylenetetramine was a white paste. The test substance was dissolved in ethanol.

 

In the first experiment, Tallow tripropylenetetramine was tested up to concentrations of 3.5 and 24 μg/ml in the absence and presence of 8% (v/v) S9-mix, respectively. The incubation time was 3 hours. Tallow tripropylenetetramine was tested up to cytotoxic levels of 79 and 85% in the absence and presence of S9-mix, respectively.

In the second experiment, Tallow tripropylenetetramine was tested up to concentrations of 3.2 and 37.5 μg/ml in the absence and presence of 12% (v/v) S9-mix, respectively. The incubation times were 24 hours and 3 hours for incubations in the absence and presence of S9-mix, respectively. Tallow tripropylenetetramine was tested up to cytotoxic levels of 83% in the absence of S9-mix and up to 73% in the presence of S9-mix.

The spontaneous mutation frequencies in the solvent-treated control cultures were between the minimum and maximum value of the historical control data range

Positive control chemicals, methyl methane sulfonate and cyclophosphamide induced appropriate responses.

In the absence of S9-mix, Tallow tripropylenetetramine did not induce a significant increase in the mutation frequency in the first experiment. This result was confirmed in an independent repeat experiment with modifications in the duration of treatment time.

In the presence of S9-mix, Tallow tripropylenetetramine did not induce a significant increase in the mutation frequency in the first experiment. This result was confirmed in an independent repeat experiment with modifications in the concentration of the S9 for metabolic activation.

It is concluded that Tallow tripropylenetetramine is not mutagenic in the mouse lymphoma L5178Y test system under the experimental conditions described in this report.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (negative)

Genetic toxicity in vivo

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Mode of Action Analysis / Human Relevance Framework

polyamines do not react with DNA or react to protein (indicated by OECD Toolbox profiling).

Additional information

Tallow tripropylenetetraamine was tested in the Salmonella typhimurium reverse mutation assay with four histidine-requiring strains of Salmonella typhimurium (TA1535, TA1537, TA98 and TA100) and in the Escherichia coli reverse mutation assay with a tryptophan-requiring strain of Escherichia coli (WP2uvrA). The test was performed in two independent experiments in the presence and absence of S9-mix (rat liver S9-mix induced by a combination of Phenobarbital and ß-naphthoflavone). The study followed the most recent OECD and EU protocols and was performed under GLP.

There was no significant or dose-related increase in the number of revertant colonies in any of the applied strains, both with and without S9-mix. This was confirmed in an independently repeated experiment.

It is concluded that Tallow tripropylenetetraamine is not mutagenic in the Salmonella typhimurium reverse mutation assay and in the Escherichia coli reverse mutation assay.

 

Tallow tripropylenetetraamine was studied for its effect on the number of chromosome aberrations in cultured peripheral human lymphocytes in the presence and absence of a metabolic activation system (phenobarbital and ß-naphthoflavone induced rat liver S9-mix), in two independent experiments. The study was performed under GLP and according to the most recent OECD and EU guidelines.

Tallow tripropylenetetraamine did not induce a statistically significant or biologically relevant increase in the number of cells with chromosome aberrations in the absence and presence of S9-mix, in either of the two independently repeated experiments.

It was noted that Tallow tripropylenetetraamine increased the number of polyploid cells both in the absence and presence of S9-mix in a dose dependent manner in the first and second cytogenetic assay. This may indicate that Tallow tripropylenetetramine has the potential to inhibit mitotic processes and to induce numerical chromosome aberrations. Polyploidy alone does not indicate aneugenic potential and can simply indicate cell cycle perturbation; it is also commonly associated with increasing cytotoxicity.

There were no effects of Tallow tripropylenetetraamine on the number of cells with endoreduplicated chromosomes both in the absence and presence of S9-mix, in either of the two independently repeated experiments. It is concluded that Tallow tripropylenetetraamine is not clastogenic in human lymphocytes.

 

Tallow tripropylenetetraamine was evaluated for its possible induction of forward mutations at the thymidine-kinase locus (TK-locus) in L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells. The test was performed in two independent experiments in the absence and presence of S9-mix. The study was performed under GLP and according to the most recent OECD and EU guidelines.

In both the presence and absence of S9-mix,Tallow tripropylenetetraamine did not induce a significant increase in the mutation frequency in the first experiments. This result was confirmed in a repeat experiment with modifications in the duration of treatment time (without S9-mix) or S9 concentration (with S9-mix). Therefore, Tallow tripropylenetetraamine is not mutagenic in the TK mutation test.

 

Additionally, polyamines do not react with DNA or react to protein (indicated by OECD Toolbox profiling).

Justification for classification or non-classification

Tallow tripropylenetetraamine is not mutagenic in the Salmonella typhimurium reverse mutation assay and in the Escherichia coli reverse mutation assay, is not clastogenic in human lymphocytes, and not mutagenic in the TK mutation test with L5178Y mouse lymphoma cells.

Furthermore, polyamines do not react with DNA or react to protein.

As the substance shows no evidence for genotoxicity, no classification for genotoxic effects is required.