Registration Dossier

Identification

Chemical structure
Display Name:
Carbon black
EC Number:
215-609-9
EC Name:
Carbon black
CAS Number:
1333-86-4
Molecular formula:
C
IUPAC Name:
carbon

Type of Substance

Composition:
mono-constituent substance
Origin:
element

Substance Identifiers open all close all

  • 1099
  • Arosperse
  • Bleumina
  • CI 77266
  • CI Pigment Black 6
  • CI Pigment Black 7
  • CK3
  • Carbon Black BV and V
  • Corax
  • Durex
  • EB
  • Ecorax
  • Farbruss
  • Flammruss
  • Flammruss, Colour Black
  • Gas Black
  • HiBlack
  • Lamp Black
  • N-110
  • Nerox
  • Nipex
  • NuTone
  • Orient Black
  • Panther
  • Printex
  • Purex
  • Royale Black
  • Special Black
  • XPB
  • Compositions

    Boundary Composition(s) open all close all

    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Agregation of nanoform
    Cross-reference
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    >= 95 - <= 100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 21 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon black is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    >= 99.9 - <= 100 %

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 21 - < 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no

    Legal Entity Composition(s) open all close all



    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, no surface treatment)_SET_2

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 7 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    >= 18 - < 55 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    >= 21 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon black is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, they never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.

    Post-production, some carbon blacks are subjected to oxidative after-treatment. The treatment augments the level of already present acidic and polar oxides on the surface of carbon black (Carboxyl, Phenol, Lactol, Ouinone, Ketone, Anhydrid, Lactone). These functional groups renders these forms more hydrophilic in comparison to the corresponding virgin non-oxidized form; meaning that the carbon black particles becomes better dispersible and wettable in polar solutions but are still completely insoluble. Surface treatment does not affect the morphological features i.e. primary particles, aggregates, and agglomerates of carbon black.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 50 - < 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 28 - < 292 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, surface treated)_SET_3


    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 3 - < 43 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    >= 7 - < 87 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    >= 15 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon black is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, they never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.

    Post-production, some carbon blacks are subjected to oxidative after-treatment. The treatment augments the level of already present acidic and polar oxides on the surface of carbon black (Carboxyl, Phenol, Lactol, Ouinone, Ketone, Anhydrid, Lactone). These functional groups renders these forms more hydrophilic in comparison to the corresponding virgin non-oxidized form; meaning that the carbon black particles becomes better dispersible and wettable in polar solutions but are still completely insoluble. Surface treatment does not affect the morphological features i.e. primary particles, aggregates, and agglomerates of carbon black.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 35 - < 110 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    yes
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, no surface treatment)_SET_1


    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 7 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    >= 26 - < 46 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    >= 21 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon balck is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, they never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.

    Post-production, some carbon blacks are subjected to oxidative after-treatment. The treatment augments the level of already present acidic and polar oxides on the surface of carbon black (Carboxyl, Phenol, Lactol, Ouinone, Ketone, Anhydrid, Lactone). These functional groups renders these forms more hydrophilic in comparison to the corresponding virgin non-oxidized form; meaning that the carbon black particles becomes better dispersible and wettable in polar solutions but are still completely insoluble. Surface treatment does not affect the morphological features i.e. primary particles, aggregates, and agglomerates of carbon black.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 24 - < 149 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Aggregation of nano form

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    > 96 - <= 100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    >= 6 - <= 48 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    >= 10 - <= 75 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    >= 21 - <= 100 nm
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    Amorphous
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Typical composition:
    ca. 100 %

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 30 - <= 550 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no

    Composition(s) generated upon use

    Other types of composition(s)