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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

Inhalation :

Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. If

not breathing, if breathing is irregular or if respiratory arrest occurs, provide artificial

respiration or oxygen by trained personnel. It may be dangerous to the person

providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Get medical attention if adverse

health effects persist or are severe. If unconscious, place in recovery position and

get medical attention immediately. Maintain an open airway. Loosen tight clothing

such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.

Ingestion :

Wash out mouth with water. Remove dentures if any. Remove victim to fresh air

and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. If material has been

swallowed and the exposed person is conscious, give small quantities of water to

drink. Stop if the exposed person feels sick as vomiting may be dangerous. Do not

induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. If vomiting occurs,

the head should be kept low so that vomit does not enter the lungs. Get medical

attention if adverse health effects persist or are severe. Never give anything by

mouth to an unconscious person. If unconscious, place in recovery position and get

medical attention immediately. Maintain an open airway. Loosen tight clothing such

as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.

Skin contact :

Flush contaminated skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and

shoes. Continue to rinse for at least 10 minutes. Get medical attention. Wash

clothing before reuse. Clean shoes thoroughly before reuse.

Eye contact :

Get medical attention immediately. Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water,

occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Check for and remove any contact

lenses. Continue to rinse for at least 10 minutes. Chemical burns must be treated

promptly by a physician.

Protection of first-aiders :

No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable training. It

may be dangerous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.

Notes to physician :

Symptomatic treatment and supportive therapy as indicated. Following severe

exposure the patient should be kept under medical review for at least 48 hours.

Fire-fighting measures

Suitable extinguishing media :

Use dry chemical powder.

Non suitable extinguishing media :

Do not use water jet.

Special exposure hazards :

Fine dust clouds may form explosive mixtures with air.

Promptly isolate the scene by removing all persons from the vicinity of the incident if

there is a fire. No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable

training. Move containers from fire area if this can be done without risk. Use water

spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool.

Hazardous thermal decomposition products :

Decomposition products may include the following materials:

carbon dioxide

carbon monoxide

sulfur oxides

halogenated compounds

metal oxide/oxides

Special protective equipment for fire-fighters :

Fire-fighters should wear appropriate protective equipment and self-contained

breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure

mode. Clothing for fire-fighters (including helmets, protective boots and gloves)

conforming to European standard EN 469 will provide a basic level of protection for

chemical incidents.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions :

No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable training.

Evacuate surrounding areas. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from

entering. Do not touch or walk through spilt material. Shut off all ignition sources.

No flares, smoking or flames in hazard area. Avoid breathing dust. Provide

adequate ventilation. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate.

Put on appropriate personal protective equipment.

Environmental precautions :

Avoid dispersal of spilt material and runoff and contact with soil, waterways, drains

and sewers. Inform the relevant authorities if the product has caused environmental

pollution (sewers, waterways, soil or air).

Methods for cleaning up :

Move containers from spill area. Approach the release from upwind. Prevent entry

into sewers, water courses, basements or confined areas. Vacuum or sweep up

material and place in a designated, labelled waste container. Avoid creating dusty

conditions and prevent wind dispersal. Use spark-proof tools and explosion-proof

equipment. Dispose of via a licensed waste disposal contractor.

Handling and storage

Handling :

Put on appropriate personal protective equipment. Eating, drinking

and smoking should be prohibited in areas where this material is handled, stored and

processed. Workers should wash hands and face before eating, drinking and

smoking. Remove contaminated clothing and protective equipment before entering

eating areas. Do not get in eyes or on skin or clothing. Do not ingest. Avoid

breathing dust. Avoid the creation of dust when handling and avoid all possible

sources of ignition (spark or flame). Prevent dust accumulation. Use only with

adequate ventilation. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate.

Keep in the original container or an approved alternative made from a compatible

material, kept tightly closed when not in use. Electrical equipment and lighting

should be protected to appropriate standards to prevent dust coming into contact

with hot surfaces, sparks or other ignition sources. Take precautionary measures

against electrostatic discharges. To avoid fire or explosion, dissipate static electricity

during transfer by earthing and bonding containers and equipment before

transferring material. Empty containers retain product residue and can be hazardous

. Do not reuse container.

Storage :

Store in accordance with local regulations. Store in a segregated and approved area

. Store in original container protected from direct sunlight in a dry, cool and wellventilated

area, away from incompatible materials (see section 10) and food and

drink. Eliminate all ignition sources. Separate from oxidizing materials. Keep

container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use. Containers that have been

opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage. Do not store

in unlabelled containers. Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental

contamination.

Use original container.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
not applicable
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Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
not applicable
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Proper shipping name and description:
not applicable
Chemical name:
not applicable
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not applicable
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Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
not applicable
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
not applicable
Chemical name:
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Exposure controls / personal protection

Recommended monitoring procedures :

If this product contains ingredients with exposure limits, personal, workplace

atmosphere or biological monitoring may be required to determine the effectiveness

of the ventilation or other control measures and/or the necessity to use respiratory

protective equipment. Reference should be made to European Standard EN 689 for

methods for the assessment of exposure by inhalation to chemical agents and

national guidance documents for methods for the determination of hazardous

substances.

Occupational exposure controls :

Use only with adequate ventilation. If user operations generate dust, fumes, gas,

vapour or mist, use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation or other

engineering controls to keep worker exposure to airborne contaminants below any

recommended or statutory limits. The engineering controls also need to keep gas,

vapour or dust concentrations below any lower explosive limits. Use explosion-proof

ventilation equipment.

Environmental exposure controls :

Emissions from ventilation or work process equipment should be checked to ensure

they comply with the requirements of environmental protection legislation. In some

cases, fume scrubbers, filters or engineering modifications to the process equipment

will be necessary to reduce emissions to acceptable levels.

Respiratory protection :

In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. Respirator selection

must be based on known or anticipated exposure levels, the hazards of the product

and the safe working limits of the selected respirator.

Hand protection :

Chemical-resistant, impervious gloves complying with an approved standard should

be worn at all times when handling chemical products if a risk assessment indicates

this is necessary.

Eye protection :

Safety eyewear complying with an approved standard should be used when a risk

assessment indicates this is necessary to avoid exposure to liquid splashes, mists or

dusts. If operating conditions cause high dust concentrations to be produced, use

dust goggles.

Skin protection :

Personal protective equipment for the body should be selected based on the task

being performed and the risks involved and should be approved by a specialist

before handling this product.

Wash hands, forearms and face thoroughly after handling chemical products, before

eating, smoking and using the lavatory and at the end of the working period.

Appropriate techniques should be used to remove potentially contaminated clothing.

Wash contaminated clothing before reusing. Ensure that eyewash stations and

safety showers are close to the workstation location.

Stability and reactivity

The product is stable.

Disposal considerations

Methods of disposal :

The generation of waste should be avoided or minimised wherever possible. Empty

containers or liners may retain some product residues. This material and its

container must be disposed of in a safe way. Significant quantities of waste product

residues should not be disposed of via the foul sewer but processed in a suitable

effluent treatment plant. Dispose of surplus and non-recyclable products via a

licensed waste disposal contractor. Disposal of this product, solutions and any byproducts

should at all times comply with the requirements of environmental

protection and waste disposal legislation and any regional local authority

requirements. Avoid dispersal of spilt material and runoff and contact with soil,

waterways, drains and sewers.

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