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Toxicological information

Skin sensitisation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in vivo (non-LLNA)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
From March 19, 1990 to May 2, 1990
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Guideline study, not run according to GLP
Justification for data waiving:
other:
Cross-referenceopen allclose all
Reason / purpose:
reference to same study
Reason / purpose:
reference to other study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1990
Report Date:
1990

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 406 (Skin Sensitisation)
Deviations:
no
Principles of method if other than guideline:
not applicable
GLP compliance:
no
Type of study:
guinea pig maximisation test

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Marlamid DF 1818 (CAS No. 68425-47-8; EC No. 270-355-6)
- Physical state: yellow liquid
- Composition of test material, percentage of components:
80% soybean oil diethanolamide, 10% glycerin, 5% diethanolamine salt of the fatty acids, 3% sodium salt of the fatty acids, 2% free diethanolamine
- Lot/batch No.: 13

In vivo test system

Test animals

Species:
guinea pig
Strain:
other: Albino Bor:DHPW
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: F. Winkelmann, Borchem, Germany
- Average weight at study initiation: controls: 467 g; test group: 471 g
- Housing: 1 5 animals in macrolon Type IV cages
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): G4 diet for guinea-pig, Ssniff Spezialfutter GmbH, Soest, Germany
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Yes
- Acclimation period: 5 - 8 days


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20 +/- 1°C
- Humidity (%): 60 +/- 5%
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12


IN-LIFE DATES: From: 19-03-1990 To: 12-04-1990

Study design: in vivo (non-LLNA)

Inductionopen allclose all
Route:
intradermal
Vehicle:
corn oil
Concentration / amount:
0.5%
Challengeopen allclose all
Route:
epicutaneous, occlusive
Vehicle:
corn oil
Concentration / amount:
0.5%
No. of animals per dose:
Test group: 20
Controls: 10
Details on study design:
A 4 x 6 cm2 area was shaved on the shoulders of test animals. 2 to 3 hours later, 6 intracutaneoius injections were made, simultaneously right and left: 0.1 cm3 of a mix of Freund's Complete Adjuvant (FCA) and water (1+1), 0.1 cm3 of 0.5% test substance in maize oil, 0.1 cm3 of 0.5% test substance in FCA/water (1+1). Controls received 0.1 cm3 of a mix of Freund's Complete Adjuvant (FCA) and water (1+1), 0.1 cm3 maize oil, 0.1 cm3 of FCA/maize oil (1+1).

One week later, a patch test was conducted: a 2 x 4 cm filter paper to which 60% test material in maize oil was applied to freshly shaved skin. The whole was covered with an adhesive bandage for 48 h. Controls received maize oil.

Two weeks later, the right and left flanks were shaved. After 2 - 3 hours, a 2x2 cm filter paper with 20% test substance in maize oil was applied for 24 hours to the left flank and covered with an adhesive bandage. The same treatment was made on the right flank of each animal with maize oil.

24 and 48 hours after removal of the adhesive bandage, the reaction was scored.
Challenge controls:
Not reported
Positive control substance(s):
no

Study design: in vivo (LLNA)

Concentration:
not applicable
No. of animals per dose:
not applicable
Details on study design:
not applicable
Statistics:
not applicable

Results and discussion

Positive control results:
Not reported

In vivo (non-LLNA)

Resultsopen allclose all
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
test group
Dose level:
0.5%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
20
Clinical observations:
None
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 0.5%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 20.0. Clinical observations: None.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
test group
Dose level:
0.5%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
20
Clinical observations:
None
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 0.5%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 20.0. Clinical observations: None.
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
negative control
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Clinical observations:
None
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: negative control. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0. Clinical observations: None.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
negative control
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Clinical observations:
None
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: negative control. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0. Clinical observations: None.

In vivo (LLNA)

Resultsopen allclose all
Parameter:
SI
Remarks on result:
other: not applicable
Parameter:
other: disintegrations per minute (DPM)
Remarks on result:
other: not applicable

Any other information on results incl. tables

None

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not sensitising
Remarks:
Migrated information
Conclusions:
Amides, C8-18 and C18-unsatd., N,N-bis(hydroxyethyl) was considered to be not sensitizing under the conditions of the present guinea-pig maximisation test.
Executive summary:

A study was conducted to assess the sensitizing potential of amides, C8-18 and C18-unsatd., N,N-bis(hydroxyethyl) in a guinea-pig maximisation test according to OECD Guideline 406.

A 4 x 6 cm2 area was shaved on the shoulders of test animals. Two to three hours later, 6 intracutaneous injections were made, simultaneously right and left: 0.1 cm3 of a mix of Freund's Complete Adjuvant (FCA) and water (1+1), 0.1 cm3 of 0.5% test substance in maize oil, 0.1 cm3 of 0.5% test substance in FCA/water (1+1). Controls received 0.1 cm3 of a mix of Freund's Complete Adjuvant (FCA) and water (1+1), 0.1 cm3 maize oil, 0.1 cm3 of FCA/maize oil (1+1). One week later, a patch test was conducted: a 2 x 4 cm filter paper to which 60% test material in maize oil was applied to freshly shaved skin. The whole was covered with an adhesive bandage for 48 h. Controls received maize oil. Two weeks later, the right and left flanks were shaved. After 2 - 3 hours, a 2x2 cm filter paper with 20% test substance in maize oil was applied for 24 hours to the left flank and covered with an adhesive bandage. The same treatment was made on the right flank of each animal with maize oil. 24 and 48 hours after removal of the adhesive bandage, the reaction was scored.

No animals showed any effects to the treatment. Amides, C8-18 and C18-unsatd., N,N-bis(hydroxyethyl) was therefore considered non-sensitizing under the conditions of the study.