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EC number: 931-329-6 | CAS number: -
Table 2. Summary of performance of mated females
Treatment dose (mg/kg/d)
No. of mated females
No. of pregnant females
No. of females
with premature litter
No. of mortalities
No. of females with live
fetuses at termination
* One dam out of these was not included because the weights of fetuses were not determined
A study was conducted to evaluate the prenatal developmental toxicity of the test substance, C12-18 and C18-unsatd. DEA (90 - 95% active) according to OECD Guideline 414, in compliance with GLP. The substance was administered to groups of 30 female rats by gavage at dose levels of 0, 100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg bw/day, once daily from Gestation Days (GD) 6 to 15 inclusive. Control animals were dosed with the vehicle alone (arachis oil, DAB 9). Clinical condition and reaction to treatment were recorded at least once daily. Body weights were reported on GD 0, 6, 16 and 20. All surviving females were sacrificed on GD 20 and the foetuses were removed by caesarean section. At necropsy, the females were examined macroscopically. Live foetuses were weighed, sexed and examined for visceral and skeletal abnormalities. No deaths or treatment-related changes in body weight gain and necropsy findings were observed in dams at any dose level. Treatment-related symptoms observed in all groups were salivation and propulsion of the head. The highest dose group showed severe salivation. Apart from the control (1 dead foetus) and the 100 mg/kg bw/day groups (7 dead foetuses), all females had viable foetuses. Pre-implantation loss and mean numbers of resorptions were not affected by treatment. The data for post-implantation loss, embryonic deaths and total foetuses showed some deviations, which were considered to be non-treatment-related. Mean placental and uterus weights were not affected by the treatment. Foetal sex ratio was comparable in all groups. No treatment-related foetal abnormalities were found at necropsy. The examined foetuses showed no treatment-related visceral and skeletal abnormalities/variations. One foetus at 300 mg/kg bw/day showed a stump tail and missing coccigycae vertebrae. Further, the data for skeletal ossifications showed some deviations in the two highest dose groups. However, all these effects were assessed to be non-treatment-related. Under the study conditions, the NOAELs for parental toxicity and developmental toxicity were considered to be 1000 mg/kg bw/day (Pitterman, 1994).
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