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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

INHALATION:
- In case of accident by inhalation: remove casualty to fresh air and keep at rest.
- Victim to lie down in the recovery position, cover and keep him warm.
- If breathing is difficult, give oxygen or artificial respiration.
- If symptoms persist, call a physician.
EYE CONTACT:
- Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes.
- In the case of dificulty of opening the lids, administer an analgesic eye wash (oxybuprocaine).
- Immediate medical attention is required.
SKIN CONTACT:
- Remove and wash contaminated clothing before re-use.
- Wash off with soap and water.
- Dispose of all contaminated leather articles such as gloves and shoes.
INGESTION:
- Consult a physician immediately.
- Take victim immediately to hospital.
- If swallowed, rinse mouth with water ( only if the person is conscious).
- Do NOT induce vomiting.
- Do not give anything to drink.
- Artificial respiration and/or oxygen may be necessary.
- If symptoms persist, call a physician.

Fire-fighting measures

SUITABLE EXTINGUISHING MEDIA:
- Use extinguishing measures that are appropriate to local circumstances and the surrounding environment.
- Can be extinguished with water, powder, foam, sand or carbon dioxide.
EXTINGUISHING MEDIA WHICH SHALL NOT BE USED FOR SAFETY REASONS:
- None.
SPECIAL EXPOSURE HAZARDS IN A FIRE:
- The product is not flammable.
- Hazardous decomposition products formed under fire conditions.
- May form very toxic or corrosive vapor when heated.
SPECIAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT FOR FIRE-FIGHTERS:
- Evacuate personnel to safe areas.
- Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective suit.
- Fire fighters must wear fire resistant personnel protective equipment.
- Clean contaminated surface thoroughly.
SPECIAL FIREFIGHTING PROCEDURES/PRECAUTIONS:
- Move containers from fire area.
- Cool containers/tanks with spray water.
- Flood the product with water.

Accidental release measures

PERSONAL PRECAUTIONS:
- Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so.
- Vapours are heavier than air and can cause suffocation by reducing oxygen available for breathing.
- wear self-contained breathing apparatus in cinfined spaces, in cases where the oxygen level is depleted, or in case of significant emissions.
- Keep away from open flames, hot surfaces and sources of ignition.
- Cover the spreading liquid with foam in order to slow down the evaporation.
- Keep away from incompatible products.
- ventilate the area.
ENVIRONMENTAL PRECAUTIONS:
- Should not be released into the environment.
- If the product contaminates rivers and lakes or drains inform respective authorities.
METHODS FOR CLEANING UP:
- Dam up.
- Soak up with inert absorbent material.
- Prevent product from entering drains.
- Keep in properly labelled containers.
- Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

Handling and storage

HANDLING:
- Used in closed system.
- Handle small quantities under a lab hood.
- Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.
- Prevent product vapours decomposition from contacting hot spots.
- Prevent product vapours decomposition from electric arc action (welding).
- Preferably transfer by pump or gravity.
- Use only equipment and materials which are compatible with the product.
- Keep away from incompatible products.
STORAGE:
- To maintain product quality, do not store in heat or direct sunlight.
- Store in original container.
- Keep container closed.
- Keep in a bunded area.
PACKAGING MATERIAL:
- Polyethylene
- Steel coated (enamelled).

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
2689
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
GLYCEROL ALPHA-MONOCHLORHYDRIN
Chemical name:
GLYCEROL ALPHA-MONOCHLORHYDRIN
Labels:
6.1
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
2689
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
GLYCEROL ALPHA-MONOCHLORHYDRIN
Chemical name:
GLYCEROL ALPHA-MONOCHLORHYDRIN
Labels:
6.1
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
2689
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
GLYCEROL ALPHA-MONOCHLORHYDRIN
Chemical name:
GLYCEROL ALPHA-MONOCHLORHYDRIN
Labels:
6.1
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
2689
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
GLYCEROL ALPHA-MONOCHLORHYDRIN
Chemical name:
GLYCEROL ALPHA-MONOCHLORHYDRIN
Labels:
6.1
Remarksopen allclose all
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

EXPOSURE LIMIT VALUES:
- SAEL (Solvay Acceptable Exposure Limit) 2007
TWA = 0.018 ppm
TWA = 0.08 mg/m3
- US. ACGIH Threshold Limit Values
TWA = 0.015 ppm
EXPOSURE CONTROLS
- Ensure adequate ventilation.
- Apply technical measures to comply with the occupational exposure limits.
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE CONTROL
Respiratory protection
-Use respirator when performing operations involving potential exposure to vapour of the product
-Respirator with a vapour filter (EN 141)
-Recommended Filter Type: A
-Self-contained breathing apparatus in medium confinement insufficient oxygen/in case of large uncontrolled emissions/in circumstances when the mask and a cartridge do not give adequate protection
Hand protection
- Wear suitable gloves.
- Take note of the information given by the producer concerning permeability and break through times, and of special workplace conditions (mechanical strain, duration of contact).
- Suitable material : butyl-rubber, Copolymer VF2-HFP (fluoroelastomer)
Eye protection
- Chemical resistant goggles must be worn.
- If splashes are likely to occur, wear: Goggles - Face-shield
Skin and body protection
- Impervious suit
- If splashes are likely to occur, wear: Apron - Boots - Neoprene
Hygiene measures
- Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are close to the workastation location
- When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
- High standards of skin care and personal hygiene should be exercised at all times.
- Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice.
Environmental exposure controls
- Dispose of rinse water in accordance with local and national regulations.

Stability and reactivity

STABILITY
- Stable under recommended storage conditions.
CONDITIONS TO AVOID
- To avoid thermal decomposition, do not overheat.
MATERIALS TO AVOID
- Strong bases, Oxidizing agents, Salts of metals, Non iron metals (aluminium, magnesium, zinc, ...)
HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS
- hydrochloric acid, Carbon monoxide

Disposal considerations

Waste from residues / unused products
- In accordance with local and national regulations.
- Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling, or
- Must be incinerated in a suitable incineration plant holding a permit delivered by the competent authorities.
- The incinerator must be equipped with a system for the neutralisation or recovery of HCl.
Packaging treatment
- Empty containers.
- Dispose of as unused product.
- To avoid treatments, as far as possible, use dedicated containers, or
- Rinse the empty containers with a low volatility hydrocarbon and treat the effluent in the same way as waste.

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