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Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
01-jul-2010 to 15-jul-2010
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: The study has been performed according to OECD and/or EC guidelines and according to GLP principles.

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
according to guideline
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
according to guideline
EPA OPPTS 870.1200 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
according to guideline
other: Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (JMAFF), 12 Nousan, Notification No 8147, November 2000; including the most recent partial revisions.
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Diisodecyl adipate
EC Number:
EC Name:
Diisodecyl adipate
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:
C26H50O4 (C24H46O4 - C28H54O4)
1,6-bis(2-methylnonyl) hexanedioate
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Diisodecyl adipate- Substance type:Clear colourless oily liquid - Physical state: liquid- Analytical purity: 99.7% (based on GC-FID area-%)- Lot/batch No.: D30204- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 25 January 2013- Stability under storage conditions: Stable- Storage condition of test material: At room temperature in the dark- pH (1% in water, indicative range): 7.3 – 7.4 -Specific Gravity: 0.92

Test animals

other: Wistar strain, Crl:WI (Han)
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
- Source: Charles River Deutschland, Sulzfeld, Germany
- Age at study initiation: Young adult animals (approx.11 weeks old)
- Weight at study initiation: Body weight variation was within +/- 20% of the sex mean.
- Housing: Individually housed in labeled Macrolon cages (MIII type, height 18 cm.) containing sterilized sawdust as bedding material (Woody-Clean type 3/4, Tecnilab-BMI BV, Someren, The Netherlands) and paper as cage-enrichment (Enviro-dri, Tecnilab-BMI BV, Someren, The Netherlands).
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Free access to pelleted rodent diet (SM R/M-Z from SSNIFF® Spezialdiäten GmbH, Soest, Germany).
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Free access to tap water.
- Acclimation period: The acclimatization period was at least 5 days before the start of treatment under laboratory conditions.
- Health inspection: A health inspection was performed prior to treatment, to ensure that the animals were in a good state of health. Special attention was paid to the skin to be treated, which was intact and free from any abnormality.

Results of analysis for diet (nutrients and contaminants), sawdust, paper and water were assessed and did not reveal any findings that were considered to have affected the study integrity. All certificates and results of analysis are retained in the NOTOX archives.

- Temperature (°C): 20.0 – 21.6ºC
- Humidity (%): 42 - 79%
Temporary deviations from the maximum level of relative humidity occurred. Laboratory historical data do not indicate an effect of the deviations.
- Air changes (per hr): approximately 15 air changes per hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hours artificial fluorescent light and 12 hours darkness per day.

IN-LIFE DATES: From: 01-jul-2010 to 15-jul-2010

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
One day before exposure (Day -1) an area of approximately 5x7 cm on the back of the animal was clipped.

The test substance was applied in an area of approx. 10% of the total body surface, i.e. approx. 25 cm² for males and 18 cm² for females. The formulation was held in contact with the skin with a dressing, consisting of a surgical gauze patch (Surgy 1D)*, successively covered with aluminum foil and Coban elastic bandage*. A piece of Micropore tape* was additionally used for fixation of the bandages in females only.
*. Manufacturers: Laboratoires Stella s.a., Liege, Belgium (surgical gauze) and 3M, St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A. (Coban & Micropore).

Frequency: Single dosage, on Day 1.

Washing: Following application, dressings were removed and the skin cleaned of residual test substance using tap water.

Duration of exposure:
24 hours.
2000 mg/kg (2.17 mL/kg) body weight.

No. of animals per sex per dose:
Control animals:
Details on study design:
Dose level (volume): 2000 mg/kg (2.17 mL/kg) body weight.
Dose volume calculated as dose level (g/kg) / specific gravity.

DOSAGE PREPARATION: The test substance was dosed undiluted as delivered by the sponsor.

Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing:
Mortality/Viability: Twice daily
Body weights: Days 1 (pre-administration), 8 and 15.
Clinical signs: At periodic intervals on the day of dosing (Day 1) and once daily thereafter, until Day 15. The symptoms were graded according to fixed scales and the time of onset, degree and duration were recorded.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: none.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Dose descriptor:
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
other: LD50 exceeds 2000 mg/kg bw
No mortality occurred.
Clinical signs:
other: Chromodacryorrhoea (snout) was noted for all males and two females on Day 1 and/or 2. Flat posture was observed for two males on Day 1. No clinical signs were noted for three females. Scales were seen in the treated skin-area of one male on Day 5.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
The dermal LD50 value of Diisodecyl adipate in Wistar rats was established to exceed 2000 mg/kg body weight.

Based on these results, Diisodecyl adipate does not have to be classified and has no obligatory labeling requirement for acute dermal toxicity according to the:
- Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) of the United Nations (2007),
- Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures.