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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

Description of first aid measures-
General information:
Get medical attention immediately. Show Safety Data Sheet to the medical personnel.

Inhalation:
Remove affected person from source of contamination. Move affected person to fresh air and keep warm and at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Maintain an open airway.
Loosen tight clothing such as collar, tie or belt. When breathing is difficult, properly trained personnel may assist affected person by administering oxygen. Place unconscious person on their side in the recovery position and ensure breathing can take place.

Ingestion:
Rinse mouth thoroughly with water. Remove any dentures. Give a few small glasses of water or milk to drink. Stop if the affected person feels sick as vomiting may be dangerous. Do not induce vomiting unless under the direction of medical personnel. If vomiting occurs, the head should be kept low so that vomit does not enter the lungs. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Move affected person to fresh air and keep warm and at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Place unconscious person on their side in the recovery position and ensure breathing can take place. Maintain an open airway. Loosen tight clothing such as collar, tie or belt.

Skin contact:
Rinse with water.

Eye contact:
Rinse immediately with plenty of water. Remove any contact lenses and open eyelids wide apart. Continue to rinse for at least 10 minutes.

Protection of first aiders:
First aid personnel should wear appropriate protective equipment during any rescue.

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed-
General information: The severity of the symptoms described will vary dependent on the concentration and the length of exposure.
Inhalation: Prolonged inhalation of high concentrations may damage respiratory system.
Ingestion: Gastrointestinal symptoms, including upset stomach. Fumes from the stomach contents may be inhaled, resulting in the same symptoms as inhalation.
Skin contact: Prolonged contact may cause dryness of the skin.
Eye contact: May cause temporary eye irritation.

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
Notes for the doctor: Treat symptomatically.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media-
Suitable extinguishing media:
The product is flammable. Extinguish with alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide, dry powder or water fog. Use fire-extinguishing media suitable for the surrounding fire.

Unsuitable extinguishing media:
Do not use water jet as an extinguisher, as this will spread the fire.

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture-
Specific hazards :
Containers can burst violently or explode when heated, due to excessive pressure build-up. Flammable liquid and vapour. Vapours may be ignited by a spark, a hot surface or an ember. Vapours may form explosive mixtures with air. Fire-water run-off in sewers may create fire or explosion hazard.

Hazardous combustion products:
Thermal decomposition or combustion products may include the following substances: harmful gases or vapours.

Advice for firefighters:
Protective actions during firefighting

Protective actions during firefighting:
Avoid breathing fire gases or vapours. Evacuate area. Cool containers exposed to heat with water spray and remove them from the fire area if it can be done without risk. Cool containers exposed to flames with water until well after the fire is out. If a leak or spill has not ignited, use water spray to disperse vapours and protect men stopping the leak. Control run-off water by containing and keeping it out of sewers and watercourses. If risk of water pollution occurs, notify appropriate authorities.

Special protective equipment for firefighters:
Wear positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and appropriate protective clothing. Firefighter's clothing conforming to European standard EN469 (including helmets, protective boots and gloves) will provide a basic level of protection for chemical incidents.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures-
Personal precautions:
No action shall be taken without appropriate training or involving any personal risk. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel away from the spillage. Wear protective clothing as described in ‘Exposure controls’. Follow precautions for safe handling described in this safety data sheet. Wash thoroughly after dealing with a spillage. Ensure procedures and training for emergency decontamination and disposal are in place. Do not touch or walk into spilled material. Evacuate area. Provide adequate ventilation. No smoking, sparks, flames or other sources of ignition near spillage. Promptly remove any clothing that becomes contaminated.

Environmental precautions:
Slightly soluble in water. Aquatic toxicity is unlikely to occur. However, large or frequent spills may have hazardous effects on the environment. Absorb spillage with non-combustible, absorbent material. Avoid discharge to the aquatic environment. Large Spillages: Inform the relevant authorities if environmental pollution occurs (sewers, waterways, soil or air).

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up-
Methods for cleaning up:
Wear protective clothing as described in ‘Exposure controls’. Clear up spills immediately and dispose of waste safely. Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so. No smoking, sparks, flames or other sources of ignition near spillage. Do not allow material to enter confined spaces, due to the risk of explosion. Approach the spillage from upwind.
Small Spillages: Absorb the spillage with an inert, dry material and place it in a suitable waste disposal container.
Large Spillages: If leakage cannot be stopped, evacuate area. Flush spilled material into an effluent treatment plant, or proceed as follows. Contain and absorb spillage with sand, earth or other non-combustible material. Place waste in labelled, sealed containers. Clean contaminated objects and areas thoroughly, observing environmental regulations. The contaminated absorbent may pose the same hazard as the spilled material. Flush contaminated area with plenty of water. Wash thoroughly after dealing with a spillage. Dispose of waste to licensed waste disposal site in accordance with the requirements of the local Waste Disposal Authority

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling-
Usage precautions:
Read and follow manufacturer's recommendations. Wear protective clothing as described in ‘Exposure controls’. Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding stuffs.
Handle all packages and containers carefully to minimise spills. Keep container tightly sealed when not in use. Avoid the formation of mists. The product is flammable. Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking. In use may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture. Vapours may accumulate on the floor and in low-lying areas. Use explosion-proof electrical, ventilating and lighting equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Avoid discharge to the aquatic environment. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Do not handle broken packages without protective equipment. Do not reuse empty containers.

Advice on general occupational hygiene:
Wash promptly if skin becomes contaminated. Take off contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Wash at the end of each work shift and before eating, smoking and using the toilet. Change work clothing daily before leaving workplace.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities-
Storage precautions:
Store away from incompatible materials (see Stability and reactivity). Store in accordance with local regulations. Eliminate all sources of ignition. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Earth container and transfer equipment to eliminate sparks from static electricity. Keep away from oxidising materials, heat and flames. Keep only in the original container.
Keep container tightly closed, in a cool, well ventilated place. Keep containers upright. Protect containers from damage. Bund storage facilities to prevent soil and water pollution in the event of spillage. The storage area floor should be leak-tight, jointless and not absorbent. Store IBCs away from direct sunlight and heat.

Storage class:
Flammable liquid storage.

Further Information:
Suitable storage material – 316 Stainless Steel. Do not use galvanised metal. Suitable seals - Perfluoroelastomer (Kalrez). Suitable gaskets – graphite supported on 316 Stainless steel or asbestos free aramid fibre composite. Storage tanks to have flame trap. Store in a demarcated bunded area to prevent release to drains and/or watercourses. Product may attack concrete surfaces, particularly in the presence of water.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
3272
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
ESTERS, N.O.S. (CONTAINS Hexyl acetate)
Chemical name:
Hexyl acetate
Language:
English
Class or division:
Class 3: Flammable liquids
Subsidiary hazard(s):
Class 3: Flammable liquids
Packing group:
Packing group III: Substances presenting low danger
Labels:
3
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Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
3272
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
ESTERS, N.O.S. (CONTAINS Hexyl acetate)
Chemical name:
Hexyl acetate
Language:
English
Class or division:
Class 3: Flammable liquids
Subsidiary hazard(s):
Class 3: Flammable liquids
Packing group:
Packing group III: Substances presenting low danger
Labels:
3
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
3272
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
ESTERS, N.O.S. (CONTAINS Hexyl acetate)
Chemical name:
Hexyl acetate
Language:
English
Class or division:
Class 3: Flammable liquids
Subsidiary hazard(s):
Class 3: Flammable liquids
Packing group:
Packing group III: Substances presenting low danger
EmS code:
F-E
S-D
Labels:
3
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
3272
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
ESTERS, N.O.S. (CONTAINS Hexyl acetate)
Chemical name:
Hexyl acetate
Language:
English
Class or division:
Class 3: Flammable liquids
Subsidiary hazard(s):
Class 3: Flammable liquids
Packing group:
Packing group III: Substances presenting low danger
Labels:
3
Remarksopen allclose all

Additional transport information

Additional information
Special provisions / remarks / other:
Always transport in closed containers that are upright and secure. Ensure that persons transporting the product know what to do in the event of an accident or spillage.

Exposure controls / personal protection

Control parameters-
Occupational exposure limits:
Acetic Acid-
Long-term exposure limit (8-hour TWA): WEL 10 ppm 25 mg/m³
Short-term exposure limit (15-minute): WEL 20 ppm 50 mg/m³
WEL = Workplace Exposure Limit
DNEL:
Workers - Inhalation; Long term systemic effects: 48 mg/m³
Workers - Inhalation; Long term local effects: 48 mg/m³
Workers - Dermal; Long term systemic effects: 14 mg/kg
PNEC:
Fresh water; 0.0044 mg/l
marine water; 0.00044 mg/l
Intermittent release; 0.044 mg/l
Sediment (Fresh water); 0.144 mg/kg
Sediment (Marine water); 0.014 mg/kg
STP; 1 mg/l
Soil; 0.026 mg/kg

Exposure controls-
Appropriate engineering controls:
Provide adequate ventilation. Personal, workplace environment or biological monitoring may be required to determine the effectiveness of the ventilation or other control measures and/or the necessity to use respiratory protective equipment. Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls as the primary means to minimise worker exposure. Personal protective equipment should only be used if worker exposure cannot be controlled adequately by the engineering control measures. Ensure control measures are regularly inspected and maintained. Ensure operatives are trained to minimise exposure. The engineering controls also need to keep gas, vapour or dust concentrations below any lower explosive limits. Use explosion-proof ventilating equipment.

Eye/face protection:
Eyewear complying with an approved standard should be worn if a risk assessment indicates eye contact is possible. Personal protective equipment for eye and face protection should comply with European Standard EN166. Unless the assessment indicates a higher degree of protection is required, the following protection should be worn: Tight-fitting safety glasses.

Hand protection:
Chemical-resistant, impervious gloves complying with an approved standard should be worn if a risk assessment indicates skin contact is possible. The most suitable glove should be chosen in consultation with the glove supplier/manufacturer, who can provide information about the breakthrough time of the glove material. To protect hands from chemicals, gloves should comply with European Standard EN374. Considering the data specified by the glove manufacturer, check during use that the gloves are retaining their protective properties and change them as soon as any deterioration is detected. Frequent changes are recommended.

Other skin and body protection:
Appropriate footwear and additional protective clothing complying with an approved standard should be worn if a risk assessment indicates skin contamination is possible.

Hygiene measures:
Provide eyewash station and safety shower. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Clean equipment and the work area every day. Good personal hygiene procedures should be implemented. Wash at the end of each work shift and before eating, smoking and using the toilet. When using do not eat, drink or smoke. Preventive industrial medical examinations should be carried out. Warn cleaning personnel of any hazardous properties of the product.

Respiratory protection:
Respiratory protection complying with an approved standard should be worn if a risk assessment indicates inhalation of contaminants is possible. Ensure all respiratory protective equipment is suitable for its intended use and is ‘CE’-marked. Check that the respirator fits tightly and the filter is changed regularly. Gas and combination filter cartridges should comply with European Standard EN14387. Full face mask respirators with replaceable filter cartridges should comply with European Standard EN136. Half mask and quarter mask respirators with replaceable filter cartridges should comply with European Standard EN140.

Environmental exposure controls:
Keep container tightly sealed when not in use.

Stability and reactivity

Reactivity-
Upon exposure to water, slow hydrolysis to corresponding acid and alcohol.

Chemical stability-
Stability:
Stable at normal ambient temperatures and when used as recommended. Stable under the prescribed storage conditions.

Possibility of hazardous reactions:
The following materials may react strongly with the product: Oxidising agents.

Conditions to avoid:
Avoid heat, flames and other sources of ignition. Containers can burst violently or explode when heated, due to excessive pressure build-up. Static electricity and formation of sparks must be prevented. Do not pressurise, cut, weld, drill, grind or otherwise expose containers to heat or sources of ignition.
Incompatible materials
Materials to avoid:
Oxidising materials. Acids - oxidising.

Hazardous decomposition products:
Does not decompose when used and stored as recommended. Thermal decomposition or combustion products may include the following substances: Harmful gases or vapours.

Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods-
General information:
The generation of waste should be minimised or avoided wherever possible. Reuse or recycle products wherever possible. This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way. Disposal of this product, process solutions, residues and by-products should at all times comply with the requirements of environmental protection and waste disposal legislation and any local authority requirements. When handling waste, the safety precautions applying to handling of the product should be considered. Care should be taken when handling emptied containers that have not been thoroughly cleaned or rinsed out. Empty containers or liners may retain some product residues and hence be potentially hazardous.

Disposal methods:
Do not empty into drains. Dispose of surplus products and those that cannot be recycled via a licensed waste disposal contractor. Waste, residues, empty containers, discarded work clothes and contaminated cleaning materials should be collected in designated containers, labelled with their contents. Incineration or landfill should only be considered when recycling is not feasible. Vapour from residual product may create a highly flammable or explosive atmosphere inside the container. Containers should be thoroughly emptied before disposal because of the risk of an explosion. Do not cut or weld used containers unless they have been thoroughly cleaned internally.