Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Workers - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
3.5 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
100
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
DNEL value:
87.5 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
The sub-chronic oral toxicity study is considered to be best suited to extrapolate to effects on the inhalation route.
AF for dose response relationship:
1
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.5 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
100
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
50 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
The sub-chronic oral toxicity study is considered to be best suited to extrapolate to effects on the dermal route.
AF for dose response relationship:
1
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Workers - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
low hazard (no threshold derived)

Additional information - workers

According to REACH "Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment, Part B: Hazard Assessment", above 10 t/y, the establishement of acute toxicity DNEL is unnecessary in most cases, as the DNEL based on long-term exposure is normally sufficient to ensure that adverse effects do not occur. Thus, acute DNELs should default the long-term systemic DNELs.

For local effects, a DNEL was not quantifiable; However, as the substance is known to be a skin sensitizer, local effects must be assessed qualitatively and risk management measures applied as necessary. The potential for respiratory sensitization is unknown; however, given its skin sensitization potential, this endpoint should also be assessed qualitatively.

The dose descriptor starting point for DNEL calculation used:

NOAEL: 50 mg/kg bw (determined during an repeated dose oral toxicity study in rats performed in 2013).

By default the dermal absorption was considered to be 100%.

For inhalation, a NAEL human was determined using an allometric scaling of 4 and a body weight of 70 kg and found to be 12.50 mg/kg, resulting in a corrected NAEC human of 87.5 mg/m3.

General Population - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

General Population - Hazard via oral route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
low hazard (no threshold derived)

Additional information - General Population