Registration Dossier

Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

General advice:
Observe self-protection.
Remove victims from hazardous area. Immediately remove soiled or soaked clothing and remove it to a safe distance. Keep victim warm, in a stabilized position and covered.


Inhalation:
Possible discomfort: severe irritation of mucous lining (nose, throat, eyes), cough, sneezing, flow of tears.
Consult a physician immediately.
Move victims into fresh air.
Do not leave victims unattended.
Keep patient warm and at rest.
If breathing difficulties occur (e.g. severe continual coughing):
Keep patient half sitting with upper body raised. Consult doctor immediately.
If unconscious place in recovery position and seek medical advice.
If not breathing, give artifical respiration, call a doctor immediately.
Formation of a toxic lung edema is possible if product continues to be inhaled despite acute irritative effect (e.g. if it is not possible to leave the danger area).
Symptoms may occur with delay.

Skin contact:
Wash off immediately with plenty of water.
If symptoms persist, call a physician.

Eye contact:
Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes.
Continue rinsing process with eye rinsing solution.
Continue rinsing eye until arrival at ophthalmic hospital.
Protect unharmed eye.
Call ambulance. (keyword: chemical burn) Immediate further treatmentinophthalmic hospital/ by opthalmologist.

Ingestion:
Notify ambulance immediately (keyword: poisoning and caustic burn by acrolein).
Do not induce vomiting.
If swallowed, rinse mouth with water (only if the person is conscious).
Have patient drink plenty of water in small sips.
Do not leave victims unattended.
Keep warm and in a quiet place.
If unconscious place in recovery position and seek medical advice.

Notes to physician:
Primarily serious irritation and damage of the eyes, mucous membranes and the skin are to be expected, especially in the presence of humidity.
Gastrointestinal discomfort.
Risk of pulmonary oedema.
Symptoms of poisoning may not appear for several hours. Keep under medical supervision for at least 48 hours.
Specific recommendations: none.
Therapy as for chemical burn.
Following inhalation:
Prophylaxis of a toxical lung oedema with inhalative steroids (Dexamethasone aerosol dosing spray, f.ex. auxilosone). Alleviation of throat irritation with antitussive cough mixture (hydrocodon hydrogen tartrate, e.g. Dicodid).
If substance has been swallowed:
If necessary Early endoscopy in order to assess mucosa lesions in the oesophagus and stomach which may appear.
If necessary gastric lavage, follow-up.
administration of activated charcoal.
Following contact with skin / Following eye contact:
Treatment: as from acid burn.
Keep under medical supervision for at least 48 hours.
Monitoring of haemogram.
Monitoring of liver function, kidney function.
Later control for pneumonia and lung oedema.

Fire-fighting measures

Suitable extinguishing media:
Water, water spray, quenching powder, carbon dioxide, quenching foam.

Extinguishing media which must not be used for safety reasons:
Alkaline agent.

Specific hazards during fire fighting:
Risk of decomposition when exposed to heat.
In the case of fire, the following hazardous smoke fumes may be produced: carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, flammable smouldering gases.

Special protective equipment for fire-fighters:
Respiratory protective equipment independent of surrounding air and gas protective suit.

Further information:
Use water spray to cool unopened containers.
Ensure there are sufficient retaining facilities for water used to extinguish fire.
Water used to extinguish fire should not enter drainage systems, soil or stretches of water.
Fire residues and contaminated fire extinguishing water must be disposed of in accordance with local regulations.
Keep people away from and upwind of spill/leak.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions:
Avoid contact with acrolein.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Wear complete chemical protective suit and Respiratory protective equipment independent of surrounding air.
Wear personal protective equipment.
Keep unauthorized persons away.


Environmental precautions:
Do not allow entrance in sewage water, soil, stretches of water, groundwater, surface water.
Avoid penetration into drainage system or in rooms situated at a lower level because of danger of explosion.
Observe regulations on prevention of water pollution (check, dam up, cover up).
Cover spilt product with foam to prevent evaporation.

Methods for cleaning up:
Soak up with inert absorbent material and dispose of as hazardous waste.
Suitable binder: universal absorbent

Additional advice:
Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
Settle gases/fumes produced with water.
Cover with: special quenching foam.
Installation of an accidental prevention program required.

Handling and storage

Handling:
Safe handling advice:
Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
Take precautionary measures against static discharges.
Refill and handle product only in closed system.
Local ventilation. Always close container tightly after removal of product.
Handle under inert gas.
Ensure that apparatus and pipelines are free from leaks. Do not ventilate into the atmosphere .
Use only permissible in closed systems. Transfer and handle product in closed systems only (gas oscillation) .
Dedicated loading/unloading stations required.
Sampling in encapsulated and vented system, e.g. DOPAK® sampling system
The product should only be handled by trained personnel.
Set up safety and operation procedures.
Transport in suitable rail tank cars approved for Dangerous Goods Class 6.1 dedicated to acrolein.

Advice on protection against fire and explosion:
Highly flammable.
Caution - electrostatic charge may occur.
Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
Risk of explosion.
Use water spray to cool unopened containers.
Water used to extinguish fire should not enter drainage systems, soil or stretches of water.
Ensure there are sufficient retaining facilities for water used to extinguish fire.

Temperature class:
Temperature classification T 3.

Explosion group:
II B (DIN EN 57165 / VDE 0165/6.80).

Storage:
Requirements for storage areas and containers:
Keep away from direct sunlight.
Storage capability limited; dependent on Storage conditions.
Store under lock and key or in a way that only skilled persons have access to it.
Well ventilated.
Keep container tightly closed.
Please note: TRGS 514 "Store very toxic and toxic substances packed and in mobile containers".
TRbF (technical regulations flammable liquids, Germany).

Further information:
Keep container tightly sealed and store in a dry, well-ventilated place.
Storage capability limited; dependent on Stabilization.
Avoid light effect, sun rays, heat effect.

Advice on common storage:
Storage and handling in accordance with German Dangerous Substances Regulations (GefStoffV).

German storage class:
3A - Flammable Liquids.

Storage stability:
No decomposition if stored and applied as directed.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
1092
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
ACROLEIN, STABILIZED
Chemical name:
2-Propenal
Language:
English
Labels:
6.1(3)
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
1092
Shippingopen allclose all
Labels:
6.1(3)
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
1092
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
ACROLEIN, STABILIZED
Chemical name:
2-propenal
Labels:
6.1, 3
Marine pollutant
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
1092
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Acrolein, stabilized
Chemical name:
2-propenal
Remarksopen allclose all

Additional transport information

Additional information
Special provisions / remarks / other:
IATA_C: Transport prohibited.
IATA_P: Transport prohibited.
ADR: List goods; in accordance with paragraph 35 of the Hazardous Substances Law (GGVSEB), if the volume exceeds 3,000 liters, observe Table 3
ADR: May not be loaded together with class 8 hazardous goods.
RID: May not be loaded together with class 8 hazardous goods.
IMDG: Clear of living quarters.
IMDG: USA: "Poison-Inhalation Hazard" "Hazard Zone A"
Keep separate from foodstuffs, luxury foods, feedstuffs.

Exposure controls / personal protection

Components with workplace control parameters:
- Acrylaldehyde, 2-Propenal, CAS-No. 107-02-8, EC-No. 203-453-4
Control parameters: (DFG MAK)
Remarks:
Included in the regulation but with no data values.
See regulation for further details.

Control parameters: 0.09 ppm, 0.2 mg/m³ AGW:(TRGS 900, Germany)
Short-time value: 2

Control parameters: Skin designation (TRGS 900, Germany))
Remarks: Can be absorbed through the skin.

Other information:
Suitable measuring processes are:
Acrolein:
HPLC determination when worn by individuals and at fixed locations following adsorption and derivatization.
BIA method 8430.
OSHA method 52.
NIOSH method 2501.

Engineering measures:
Ensure suitable suction/aeration at the work place and with operational machinery.
Earthing of equipment.
Take precautionary measures against static discharges.
Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.
Do not smoke.
Explosion-proof installations required.
Refill and handle product only in closed system.
Dedicated tightness proved storage pressure tanks, blanketed with inert gas required.
Leak detection recommended.

Occupational exposure controls:
The substance must be handled under strictly controlled conditions according to Article 18 of the REACH regulation 1207/2008/EC:
Minimization of emissions by means of suitable technical measures such as flanges and valves with low leakage rates, recirculation of vapours.
Provision of process technologies and monitoring in case of an accident or for waste treatment.
Use only trained personnel.

Personal protective equipment:
Respiratory protection:
In case of unavoidable exposed handling or if larger amounts are released (leakage, spillage):
Wear a self contained respiratory apparatus
If workplace exposure limit is exceeded apply Respirator with brown AX-type filter.
or
For short-term application (< 5 minutes):
Respirator with A2B2E2K2-P3 combination filter.
Required respirator must be carried along.
Note time limit for wearing respiratory protective equipment.

Hand protection:
Use barrier cream regularly.
Glove material butyl-rubber, for example, Butoject (898), Kächele-Cama Latex GmbH (KCL), Germany.
Material thickness: 0.7 mm
Break through time: > 480 min
Method: DIN EN 374.

Eye protection:
Wear eye/face protection.

Skin and body protection:
Full protective suit.
Safety boots.

Hygiene measures:
No eating, drinking, smoking, or snuffing tobacco at work.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.
Use barrier cream regularly.
Keep working clothes separately.
Immediately change moistened and saturated work clothes.
Immediately remove wet clothing.

Protective measures:
All precautionary measures indicated have to be observed.
Risk assessment and risk monitoring of all work places required.
Health, Safety and Emergency Management System recommended.
Regular safety training is important.
Written approval necessary in case of non-routine jobs, e.g. maintenance activities.

Stability and reactivity

Conditions to avoid:
In case of incorrect handling: vigorous polymerisation.
Avoid contact with ammonia amines alkaline solutions Sodium carbonate halogens.
Keep separate from bases, acids, alkaline-reacting substances.
Avoid temperatures above 60°C, direct sunlight and contact with sources of heat.
Avoid contact with air/oxygen (formation of peroxides).

Materials to avoid:
Ammonia, alkalines, soda, amines, halogens, acids, Peroxides, radical generating substances.

Thermal decomposition:
decomposition energy: -1,800 kJ/kg.
90 °C - SADT-Self Accelerating Decomposition Temperature. Lowest temperature at which the tested package size will undergo a self-acclerating decomposition reaction. This reaction will generate flammable vapors which may autoignite.

Hazardous reactions:
Vigorous reaction on contact with alkalis oxidizing agents amines.
Violent polymerisation can occur.
polymerisation possible through action of acids (exothermic).
Product is supplied in stabilised form.
Formation of flammable gases.
Vapours may form explosive mixture with air.

Further information:
Stabilization with: hydroquinone.

Disposal considerations

Product:
Must be subjected to special treatment in accordance with the regulations issued by the appropriate local authorities e. g. incineration plant.
Strictly controlled conditions during disposal or treatment to air, wastewater and waste.
Dispose of residual gases and unused gas by means of a suitable waste gas burning method.

Uncleaned packaging:
Waste to be packed like clean product and to be labeled.
Identification label on packages not to be removed until recycling.

Waste Key Number:
No waste key number as per the European Waste Types List can be assigned to this product, since such classification is based on the (as yet undetermined) use to which the product is put by the consumer.
The waste key number must be determined as per the European Waste Types List (decision on EU Waste Types List 2000/532/EC) in cooperation with the disposal firm / producing firm / official authority.