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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

4.1. Description of first aid measures
Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing. Remove contaminated clothing.

If inhaled:
Keep patient calm, remove to fresh air, seek medical attention.

On skin contact:
After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water and soap. If irritation develops, seek medical attention.

On contact with eyes:
In case of contact with the eyes, rinse immediately for at least 15 minutes with plenty of water. Seek medical attention.

On ingestion:
Rinse mouth immediately and then drink plenty of water, seek medical attention.

4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Symptoms: Eye irritation

4.3. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
Treatment: Treat symptomatically.

Fire-fighting measures

5.1. Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media:
water spray, carbon dioxide, dry powder, foam

5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide
The substances/groups of substances mentioned can be released in case of fire.

5.3. Advice for fire-fighters
Special protective equipment:
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus.

Accidental release measures

6.1. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing. Eye protection. Do not breathe dust.

6.2. Environmental precautions
Do not discharge into waterways or sewer systems without proper authorization.

6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up
For large amounts: Sweep/shovel up. Place into suitable container for disposal. Dispose of absorbed material in accordance with regulations.

6.4. Reference to other sections
Information regarding exposure controls/personal protection and disposal considerations can be found in section 8 and 13.

Handling and storage

7.1. Precautions for safe handling
Take precautionary measures against static discharges.

Protection against fire and explosion:
Provide exhaust ventilation. Avoid dust formation. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Ground all transfer equipment properly to prevent electrostatic discharge.

7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Further information on storage conditions: Keep container tightly closed. Avoid extreme heat.

7.3. Specific end use(s)
For the relevant identified use(s) listed in Section 1 the advice mentioned in this section 7 is to be observed.

Transport information

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Marine transport (IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

8.1. Control parameters

Components with occupational exposure limits

The surveillance of the workplace by exposure measurements may be necessary, in order to proof the efficiency of safety measures, for example ventilation or the need of respiratory protection. Since this requires a specific competency, only accredited laboratories should be contracted. Regarding suitable methods for inhalative exposure assessment the European Standards EN 482, 689 and 14042 are to be considered. In addition the TRGS 402 has to be observed in Germany.

108-95-2: phenol
STEL value 16 mg/m3 ; 4 ppm (OEL (EU))
TWA value 8 mg/m3 ; 2 ppm (OEL (EU))
Skin Designation (OEL (EU))
The substance can be absorbed through the skin.
Short Term Exposure Classification: (TRGS 900 (DE)), Vapor and aerosol
Category II: Substances with a resorptive effect
OEL 8 mg/m3 ; 2 ppm (TRGS 900 (DE)), Vapor and aerosol
Ceiling limit value/factor: 2
Sum of vapors and aerosols.
Skin Designation (TRGS 900 (DE)), Vapor and aerosol
The substance can be absorbed through the skin.

Components with biological limit values

108-95-2: phenol
TRGS 903 (DE)
Determinant: Phenol with hydrolysis
Biological Specimen: Creatinine in urine
Sampling time: End of shift
Concentration: 120 mg/g Creatinine

freshwater: 0,02 mg/l

marine water: 0,002 mg/l

intermittent release: 0,118 mg/l

STP: 7,2 mg/l

sediment (freshwater): 0,288 mg/kg

sediment (marine water): 0,0288 mg/kg

soil: 0,0458 mg/kg

oral (secondary poisoning):
No PNEC oral derived, as accumulation in organisms is not to be expected.

Long-term exposure - systemic and local effects, Inhalation: 2,8 mg/m3

Short-term exposure - systemic and local effects, Inhalation: 10 mg/m3

Long- and short-term exposure - systemic effects, dermal: 16,7 mg/kg

Long-term exposure - systemic and local effects, Inhalation: 0,21 mg/m3

Short-term exposure - systemic and local effects, Inhalation: 10 mg/m3

Long- and short-term exposure - systemic effects, dermal: 2 mg/kg

Long-term exposure- systemic effects, oral: 1 mg/kg

8.2. Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
Respiratory protection:
Breathing protection if dusts are formed. Particle filter with medium efficiency for solid and liquid particles (e.g. EN 143 or 149, Type P2 or FFP2)

Hand protection:
Chemical resistant protective gloves (EN 374)
Suitable materials also with prolonged, direct contact (Recommended: Protective index 6, corresponding > 480 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374):
butyl rubber (butyl) - 0.7 mm coating thickness
fluoroelastomer (FKM) - 0.7 mm coating thickness
Supplementary note: The specifications are based on tests, literature data and information of glove manufacturers or are derived from similar substances by analogy. Due to many conditions (e.g. temperature) it must be considered, that the practical usage of a chemical-protective glove in practice may be much shorter than the permeation time determined through testing.
Manufacturer's directions for use should be observed because of great diversity of types.

Eye protection:
Tightly fitting safety goggles (splash goggles) (e.g. EN 166)

Body protection:
Body protection must be chosen depending on activity and possible exposure, e.g. apron, protecting boots, chemical-protection suit (according to EN 14605 in case of splashes or EN ISO 13982 in case of dust).

General safety and hygiene measures
Avoid inhalation of dusts. Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing.

Stability and reactivity

10.1. Reactivity
No hazardous reactions if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.

Corrosion to metals:
No corrosive effect on metal.
Formation of flammable gases: Remarks: Forms no flammable gases in the presence of water.

10.2. Chemical stability
The product is stable if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.

10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions
No hazardous reactions if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.
The product is chemically stable.

10.4. Conditions to avoid
Avoid dust formation. Avoid all sources of ignition: heat, sparks, open flame.

10.5. Incompatible materials

Substances to avoid:
oxidizing agents

10.6. Hazardous decomposition products

Possible thermal decomposition products:
carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide

Disposal considerations

13.1. Waste treatment methods

Incinerate in suitable incineration plant, observing local authority regulations.

Contaminated packaging:
Uncleaned empties should be disposed of in the same manner as the contents.
Contaminated packaging should be emptied as far as possible; then it can be passed on for recycling after being thoroughly cleaned.