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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Type: injury to persons (skin)

Sodium bromide

Skin contact:

Remove contaminated clothing. Wash skin thoroughly with mild soap and plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Wash clothing before re-use. Get medical attention if irritation occurs.

Eye contact:

Hold the eyelids apart, flush eyelids promptly with copious flowing water for at least 20 minutes. Get medical attention immediately.


If swallowed, wash mouth thoroughly with plenty of water and give water to drink. Get medical attention immediately.

Note to the physician: in case of ingestion induce vomiting in alert patient. No specific antidote. Treat symptomatically and supportively.

In case of dust inhalation or breathing fumes released from heated material, remove person to fresh air. Keep him quiet and warm. Apply artificial respiration if necessary and get medical attention immediately.

Environmental precautions:

For waste disposal, add into a large vessel containing water and drain into sewer with ample water. Avoid access to streams lakes or ponds.

Clean-up procedures:

Sweep up, place in a bag and hold for waste disposal or possible re-use. Ventilate area and wash spill site after material pick-up is complete.

Specific treatment in case of accident or poisoning.

Dehydration may need to be corrected by further administration of fluids. Experimental work has shown that the kidney preferentially retains bromide at the expense of chloride. Therefore large doses of chloride have to be given in order to increase the excretion of total halide. Recommended treatment includes: Administration of sodium chloride in doses as high as 4 g every 4 hours to those patients that can take it. Gastric irritation may necessitate reduced doses. Supplementary administration of saline solution by other routes (4000 cc per day) may also be performed. Patients in congestive failure should receive ammonium chloride to avoid excess retention of sodium.

Perkins H.A. (1950) Bromide Intoxication, Analysis of cases, from a General Hospital, Arch. Internl. Med., vol. 85, pp., 783-794.

Fire-fighting measures

Product arising from burning/pyrolysis: bromine, sodium oxide, oxygen, oxides of bromine, sodium bromate and hydrogen.

Sodium bromide

Suitable extinguishing media: material is not combustible. Use extinguishing media appropriate to surrounding fire conditions.

Unusual fire and explosion hazards: will decompose from ca. 800 °C releasing poisonous and corrosive fumes of hydrogen bromide and sodium oxide.

Accidental release measures


Sodium bromide is not sprayed and has a very low volatility. Therefore, there will be no release to the atmosphere


Sodium bromide is not acutely toxic to aquatic organisms. Destruction or decontamination of sodium bromide is not possible but it is not considered to pose a significant risk of toxicity following infrequent accidental release to water


Sodium bromide direct and/or intentional release to soil is not anticipated for the relevant uses of the product.

Handling and storage

Handling: avoid bodily contact, keep containers tightly closed.

Use: Personal protective equipment:

- respiratory protection dust respirator

- hand protection protective gloves

- eye protection chemical safety goggles

- skin and body protection body covering clothes and boots

Hygiene measures: do not eat, smoke or drink where material is handled, processed  or stored. Wash hands carefully before eating or smoking.


Keep in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place away from incompatible materials

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Stability and reactivity

Disposal considerations