Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Hazard for aquatic organisms

Freshwater

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC aqua (freshwater)
PNEC value:
0.015 mg/L
Assessment factor:
100
Extrapolation method:
assessment factor
PNEC freshwater (intermittent releases):
0.015 mg/L

Marine water

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC aqua (marine water)
PNEC value:
0.002 mg/L
Assessment factor:
1 000
Extrapolation method:
assessment factor

STP

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC STP
PNEC value:
2.286 mg/L
Assessment factor:
10
Extrapolation method:
assessment factor

Sediment (freshwater)

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC sediment (freshwater)
PNEC value:
13.981 mg/kg sediment dw
Extrapolation method:
equilibrium partitioning method

Sediment (marine water)

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC sediment (marine water)
PNEC value:
13.981 mg/kg sediment dw
Extrapolation method:
equilibrium partitioning method

Hazard for air

Air

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Hazard for terrestrial organisms

Soil

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC soil
PNEC value:
6.399 mg/kg soil dw
Extrapolation method:
equilibrium partitioning method

Hazard for predators

Secondary poisoning

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no potential for bioaccumulation

Additional information

Classification is triggered based on available data, according to REGULATION (EC) No 1272/2008 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and repealing Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006.

Conclusion on classification

Classification of chlorocresol for effects in the environment

Several major guideline – estimation values (Klimisch 2) are available for Chlorocresol, indicates substantial toxic effect in all the 3 key trophic levels (fish, invertebrate and algae). Among the values lower values which lead to the classification of the substance the value which have been considered for further calculation (invertebrate) is EC50 = 1.5 mg/L.

 

In determining the classification appropriate to chlorocresol, it is necessary to consider all available evidence concerning its persistence, potential to accumulate and predicted or observed environmental fate and behaviour that may present a long-term and/or delayed danger to the structure and/or functioning of aquatic ecosystems. These points are considered below.

 

Persistence

Reliable studies are available to demonstrate that chlorocresol is non persistent in nature and so is considered to have rapid biodegradation in the environment. In other words chlorocresol degradation may therefore be expected to be fast. Thus it can be inferred that chlorocresol is non persistent in character. 

 

Chlorocresol is non persistent and so do not satisfy the criteria for classification as persistent (P). 

 

Potential to accumulate

Predicted and measured log Kow values for chlorocresol is less than 4 (Log Kow = 0.477). The potential for chlorocresol to bioaccumulate in the tissues of organisms that inhabit aquatic or terrestrial matrices is negligible as the BCF factor for the substance is less than 1000.  

 

 The calculated BCF of chlorocresol is 11 dimensionless and below the threshold of 2000. 

 

Chlorocresol does not satisfy the criterion for classification as bioaccumulative (B).

 

The toxicity values of fish, invertebrates and algae are LC50 = 6.71 mg/L, EC50 = 1.5 mg/L are EC10 = 2.5 mg/L, respectively. The toxicity values of all the trophic levels fall in the criteria for classification (CLP regulation). But the BCF value of chlorocresol reported was not >= 2000 as well as the substance was found to be rapidly degradable. Thus according to CLP criteria of aquatic classification it is concluded that the substance chlorocresol is not toxic to aquatic environment. However, since this chemical has a harmonized classification as "Aquatic acute 1 " category, for the pupose of chemical safety assessment, this classification shall be considered.

So, chlorocresol satisfies the environmental effects criterion for classification as toxic (T).

 

Thus it can be inferred that chlorocresol not P & B (including vPvB) substance, but will qualify as T. But as per Annex XIII of REACH regulation the overall inference for the substance is not PBT