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EC number: 937-260-8
CAS number: -
Based on the analogue approach justification, the following results on the chronic toxicity to invertebrates obtained on Vinasses, residue of fermentation, can be applied to the Vinasses, residue of fermentation, depotassified :NOECreproduction (21d) > 100 mg/L (nominal), > 42 mg/L (measured)NOECparental mortality (21d) = 56 mg/L (nominal), = 23 mg/L (measured)
One key study is available
on Vinasses, residue of fermentation. A long-term study withDaphnia
magnawas performed to investigate the toxicity of Vinasses towards
aquatic invertebrates (Bouwman, 2010). The study was conducted according
to the OECD Guideline 211 “Daphnia magnaReproduction Test”
in a semi-static test design for 21 days. Vinasses, residue of
fermentation was applied in concentrations of 10, 18, 32, 56 and 100
mg/L. Based on the TOC content of the test material (i.e. 25.96%), the
concentration of Vinasses in the aquatic samples was calculated and
corrected for the control, resulting in average exposure concentrations
of 3.8, 7.4, 13, 23 and 42 mg/L. No chronic effects on reproduction were
observed at the highest test concentration of 42 mg/L, based on measured
concentrations, corresponding to 100 mg/L, nominal concentration. The
lowest no observed effect concentration was obtained for parental
mortality: NOEC = 23 mg/L measured (56 mg/L nominal).
residue of fermentation and vinasses, residue of fermentation,
depotassified contain very similar dry matter contents and the same
types of components with similar ranges.The
test results obtained for Vinasses, residue of fermentation on
biodegradation, with fish (short term), daphnia (long term), algae and
activated sludge reveal
no persistency and no toxicity hazard for the aquatic environment.
Therefore, based on the analogue justification approach,an
analogy can be done on these properties between Vinasses, residue of
fermentation and Vinasses residue of fermentation, depotassified.
Thus, Vinasses, residue of
fermentation, depotassified, is considered to not affect reproduction of
Daphnia magna at a nominal concentration of 100 mg/L after 21 days of
exposure (NOEC), corresponding to an average exposure concentration of
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