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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2012-12-17 to 2013-01-05
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2013

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
adoped 2002-04-24
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Remarks:
signed 2012-11-30

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Zirconium propionate
EC Number:
281-897-8
EC Name:
Zirconium propionate
Cas Number:
84057-80-7
Molecular formula:
C3H6O2.xZr
IUPAC Name:
λ²-zirconium(2+) dipropanoate
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Remarks:
migrated information: powder

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS - New Zealand White (Hsdlf:NZW) strain rabbits
- Source: Harlan Laboratories UK Ltd., Leicestershire, UK
- Age at study initiation: twelve to twenty weeks old
- Weight at study initiation: 2.68 or 2.91 kg
- Housing: the animals were individually housed in suspended cages.
- Diet (ad libitum): 2930C Teklad Global Rabbit diet supplied by Harlan Laboratories UK Ltd., Oxon, UK)
- Water (ad libitum): mains drinking water
- Acclimation period: at least five days

The animals were provided with environmental enrichment items which were considered not to contain any contaminant of a level that might have affected the purpose or integrity of the study.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature: 17 to 23°C
- Relative humidity: 30 to 70%
- Air exchange: at least fifteen changes per hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
no
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 100 mg of the test item was placed into the conjunctival sac of the right eye, formed by gently pulling the lower lid away from the eyeball. The upper and lower eyelids were held together for about one second immediately after treatment, to prevent loss of the test item, and then released. The left eye remained untreated and was used for control purposes.
Duration of treatment / exposure:
not applicable
Observation period (in vivo):
1 hour and 24, 48 and 72 hours as well as 7days (for one animal) following treatment
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
2 male rabbits
Details on study design:
Immediately before the start of the test, both eyes of the provisionally selected test rabbits were examined for evidence of ocular irritation or defect with the aid of a light source from a standard ophthalmoscope. Only animals free of ocular damage were used.

INITIAL AND CONFIRMATORY TEST
Initially, a single rabbit was treated. Immediately after administration of the test item, an assessment of the initial pain reaction was made according to the six point scale (please refer to table 2 in the field "Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables" below).
After consideration of the ocular responses produced in the first treated animal, a second animal was treated.

SCORING SYSTEM: according to the Draize scale
Any other ocular effects were also noted.
Any clinical signs of toxicity, if present, were also recorded.
An additional observation was made in one treated eye on Day 7 to assess the reversibility of the
ocular effects.
Individual body weights were recorded on Day 0 (the day of dosing) and at the end of the observation period.

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: examination of the eye was facilitated by the use of the light source from a standard ophthalmoscope.

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
other: Initial pain reaction: slight initial pain was observed.
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
other: Iridial inflammation (grade 1) was noted 1 h after treatment.
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1.67
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 7 days
Remarks on result:
other: Moderate conjunctival irritation was noted 1h after treatment
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 7 days
Remarks on result:
other: Moderate chemosis was noted 1h after treatment
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
other: Initial pain reaction: slight initial pain was observed.
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
other: Iridial inflammation (grade 1) was noted 1 h after treatment.
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 hours
Remarks on result:
other: moderate conjuctivae redness was noted 1 h after treatment
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.67
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 hours
Remarks on result:
other: Moderate chemosis was noted 1h after treatment
Irritant / corrosive response data:
No corneal effects were noted during the study.
Iridial inflammation was noted in both treated eyes one hour after treatment.
Moderate conjunctival irritation was noted in both treated eyes one and 24 hours after treatment.
Moderate conjunctival irritation was noted in one treated eye and minimal conjunctival irritation was noted in the other treated eye at the 48-Hour observation. Minimal conjunctival irritation was noted in one treated eye at the 72-Hour observation.
One treated eye appeared normal at the 72-Hour observation and the other treated eye appeared normal at the 7-Day observation.
Other effects:
- Body weight: both animals showed expected gain in body weight during the study.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The test material is not irritating to the eyes.
According to 67/548/EC and subsequent regulations, the substance is not classified as irritating to eyes.
According to the EC Regulation No. 1272/2008 and subsequent regulations, the substance is not classified as an irritant.