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Administrative data

Description of key information

No indication of systemic uptake after ingestion at the limit dose of 1000 mg/kg bw was observed in a GLP compliant study with rats following OECD testing guideline 422 (BASF 2013).

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Repeated dose toxicity: via oral route - systemic effects

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
Study duration:
subacute
Species:
rat
Quality of whole database:
Valid without restriction.

Repeated dose toxicity: inhalation - systemic effects

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Repeated dose toxicity: inhalation - local effects

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Repeated dose toxicity: dermal - systemic effects

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Repeated dose toxicity: dermal - local effects

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Pigment Red 177 was administered orally via gavage to groups of 10 male and 10 female Wistar rats (F0 animals) at dose levels of 0 mg/kg body weight/day (mg/kg bw/d; test group 0), 100 mg/kg bw/d (test group 1), 300 mg/kg bw/d(test group 2) and 1000 mg/kg bw/d(test group 3). Drinking water served as vehicle.

The objective of the study was to detect possible effects of the test substance on the integrity and performance of male and female reproductive systems including gonadal function, mating behavior, conception, gestation and parturition. Furthermore, it was intended to obtain information about the general toxicological profile including target organs and the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) after repeated oral administration. The duration of treatment covered a 2-week pre-mating and mating period in both sexes, approximately 1 week post-mating in males, and the entire gestation period as well as 4 days of lactation followed by an additional treatment until one day before sacrifice.

After 2 weeks of premating treatment the F0 animals were mated to produce F1 generation pups. Mating pairs were from the same test group. Mating was discontinued as soon as sperm was detected in the vaginal smear.

A detailed clinical observation (DCO) was performed in all animals before initial test substance administration and, as a rule, thereafter at weekly intervals.

Food consumption of the F0 parents was determined once weekly during premating. For the dams food consumption was determined for gestation days 0-7, 7-14, 14-20 and lactation days 1-4.

Body weights of F0 parents were determined once a week, in males throughout the study and in females during premating and mating. During gestation and lactation period, F0 females were weighed on gestation days (GD) 0, 7, 14 and 20, after the day of parturition (postnatal day [PND] 0) and on PND 4.

The pups were sexed and examined for macroscopically evident changes on PND 0. They were weighed on PND 1 and on PND 4. Their viability was recorded. At necropsy on PND 4, all pups were sacrificed under isoflurane anesthesia with CO2 and examined macroscopically for external and visceral findings.

Towards the end of the administration period a functional observational battery was performed and motor activity was measured in 5 animals per sex and test group.

Clinicochemical and hematological examinations as well as urinalyses were also performed towards the end of the administration period in 5 animals per sex and test group.

All F0 parental animals were sacrificed by decapitation, under isoflurane anesthesia, and were assessed by gross pathology. Weights of selected organs were recorded and a histopathological examination was performed.

The various analyses confirmed   the stability of the test substance in drinking water at room temperature over a period of 7 days, the homogeneous distribution of the test substance in drinking water and  the correctness of the prepared concentrations of the test-substance preparations in drinking water. The red pigment caused the discoloration of feces. No adverse effects were observed at any dose level. The NOEL is 1000 mg/kg bw.

This finding is consistent with prediction of lack of systemic uptake after ingestion based on the physico-chemical properties. This is described in detail in the section of the toxicokinetic properties. Therefore, testing of subchronic toxicity is not proposed.

 

 


Justification for selection of repeated dose toxicity via oral route - systemic effects endpoint:
Valid study

Justification for classification or non-classification

Dangerous Substance Directive (67/548/EEC)

The available studies are considered reliable and suitable for classification purposes under 67/548/EEC. No serious irreversible effects were observed at dose levels of less than 150 mg/kg bw upon subacute exposure. As a result the substance is not considered to be classified for repeated dose toxicity under Directive 67/548/EEC, as amended for the 31st time in Directive2009/2/EG.

Classification, Labelling, and Packaging Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008

The available experimental test data are reliable and suitable for classification purposes under Regulation 1272/2008. There were no significant toxic effects at doses of less than 300 mg/kg bw upon subacute oral exposure in rats. As a result the substance is not classified for repeated dose toxicity under Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008, as amended for the third time in Directive EC 618/2012.