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EC number: 701-230-0 | CAS number: -
Test substance was administered orally via gavage to groups of 10 male and 10 female Wistar rats (F0 animals) at dose levels of 0 mg/kg body weight/day (mg/kg bw/d; test group 0), 50 mg/kg bw/d (test group 1), 150 mg/kg bw/d (test group 2) and 500 mg/kg bw/d (test group 3). Because of clinical findings and the premature death of 3 male animals in test group 3, the dose was reduced from 500 to 300 mg/kg bw/d from study day 6 onwards.
The objective of the study was to detect possible effects of the test substance on the integrity and performance of male and female reproductive systems including gonadal function, mating behavior, conception, gestation and parturition. Furthermore, it was intended to obtain information about the general toxicological profile including target organs and the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) after repeated oral administration. The duration of treatment covered a 2-week pre-mating and mating period in both sexes, approximately 1 week post-mating in males, and the entire gestation period as well as 4 days of lactation in females followed by an additional treatment until one day before sacrifice.
After 2 weeks of premating treatment the F0 animals were mated to produce F1 generation pups. Mating pairs were from the same test group. Mating was discontinued as soon as sperm was detected in the vaginal smear.
Note: As a result of the premature death in 3 male animals of test group 3 (500 and 300 mg/kg bw/d) 3 male animal were mated in a 1:2 ratio, i.e. male animal No. 31 was mated with female animal Nos. 131 and 132, male No. 34 with female Nos. 133 and 134 and male animal No. 39 with Nos. 139 and 140. As a result of the premature death of male animal No. 39, female animal No. 140 was mated with male animal No. 36 from study day 16 onwards.
A detailed clinical observation (DCO) was performed in all animals before initial test substance administration and, as a rule, thereafter at weekly intervals. Food consumption of the F0 parents was determined once weekly during premating. In dams food consumption was determined for gestation days 0 - 7, 7 - 14, 14 - 20 and lactation days 1 - 4. Body weights of F0 parents were determined once a week, in males throughout the study and in females during premating and mating. During gestation and lactation period, F0
females were weighed on gestation days (GD) 0, 7, 14 and 20, after the day of parturition (postnatal day [PND] 0) and on PND 4.
The pups were sexed and examined for macroscopically evident changes on PND 0. They were weighed on PND 1 and on PND 4. Their viability was recorded. At necropsy on PND 4, all pups were sacrificed under isoflurane anesthesia with CO2 and examined
macroscopically for external and visceral findings.
Clinicochemical and hematological examinations as well as urinalyses were performed in 5 animals per sex and group towards the end of the administration period. Towards the end of the administration period a functional observational battery was performed and motor activity was measured in the first 5 surviving parental males and the first 5 surviving females with litter (in order of delivery) per group.
All F0 parental animals were sacrificed by decapitation, under isoflurane anesthesia, and were assessed by gross pathology. Weights of selected organs were recorded and a histopathological examination was performed.
In the high dose group, six male animals and 2 female animals were found dead during the study; in addition, 1 female animal was sacrificed moribund on gestation day 27. Respiration sounds were observed in 5 male and 3 female on several days during the
study, labored respiration was observed in 2 male animals and 1 female animal on few study days and gasping respiration was observed in 1 male animal on day 6 of the postmating phase and in 1 female animal on day 20 of the gestation phase.
Piloerection were observed in 2 male animals and 2 female animals on several days during the study. Encrusted left eye was observed in 1 male animal on post-mating day 6. Blood in bedding and inability to deliver was seen in 1 female animal during the gestation phase from day 25 to day 27, light-brown vaginal discharge was observed on gestation day 27. Mean body weight was lower in male animals on post-mating day 7 (-8.6%). Mean body weight change values were decreased in male animals during the premating
days 0-7 (-85.3%) and 0-13 (-42.1%). Increased absolute and relative neutrophil counts in males and dcreased relative lymphocyte counts in males were observed. At pathology : mean terminal body weight was lower in male animals, i.e. -8%. Erosion/ ulcer and/or related squamous hyperplasia or inflammation/edema in the forestomach were observed in 9 of 10 male and all female animals. Erosions or ulcers in the glandular stomach were observed in 3 of 10 males.
In the intermediate group, respiration sounds were observed in 3 male and 2 female animals on several days during the study, labored respiration was observed in 3 male animals on few study days during the mating phase. Piloerection were in 1 male animal on day 8 and 9 of the mating phase and in 1 female animal on day 26 of the gestation phase. Mean body weight was significantly lower in male animals on mating day 8 (-4.3%). No test substance-related adverse findings were observed in clinical pathology. Erosion/ ulcer and/or related squamous hyperplasia or inflammation/edema in the forestomach were observed in 9 of 10 male and in 7 of 10 female animals.
Erosions or ulcers in the glandular stomach were observed in 1 of 10 female animals.
In th low dose group, only erosion/ ulcer and/or related squamous hyperplasia or inflammation/edema in the forestomach were observed in 6 of 10 male and 1 of 10 female animals.
Under the conditions of this Combined Repeated Dose Toxicity Study with the Reproduction/Developmental Toxicity Screening Test the oral administration by gavage of test substance to male and female Wistar rats revealed local pathological findings in the
stomach at a dose level of 50 mg/kg bw/d and above. This finding was related to the irritating potential of the test substance.
Signs of systemic toxicity were observed at a dose level of 150 mg/kg bw/d (impaired body weight data in male animals) and above (premature deaths in both sexes), which were assumed to be related to the test substance administration.
Thus, the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) for general systemic toxicity was 50 mg/kg bw/d for male animals and 150 mg/kg bw/d for female animals. With regard to effects in the stomach the NOAEL for local effects could not be set.
No test substance-related, adverse findings were observed on reproduction performance, on clinical Examinations/Gross Findings of pups at 50, 150 and 300/500 mg/kg/day.
The NOAEL for reproductive performance, fertility and developmental toxicity was set to 300 mg/kg bw/d in male and female Wistar rats.
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