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EC number: 265-058-3
CAS number: 64741-57-7
A complex combination of hydrocarbons produced by the vacuum distillation of the residuum from atmospheric distillation of crude oil. It consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C20 through C50 and boiling in the range of approximately 350°C to 600°C (662°F to 1112°F). This stream is likely to contain 5 wt. % or more of 4- to 6-membered condensed ring aromatic hydrocarbons.
In a key, static 72 hourPseudokirchneriella subcapitatagrowth inhibition test (OECD 201, KS=1), 10000 cells/mL were exposed to the Water Accommodated Fraction (WAF) of heavy cracked fuel oils (MRD-10-579) at nominal concentrations of 0.05, 0.23, 1.01, 4.56 and 20.5 mg/L. The 72 hour EL50 was 0.32 mg/L and NOELR was 0.05 mg/L based on growth rate (EMBSI 2012b).
In seven reliable supporting 72-hour algae (Pseudokirchnerella subcapitata)toxicity studies using WAF methodology, the EL50 values based on growth rate and biomass varied between 0.75 to >107 mg/L and 0 - <300mg/L, respectively (EMBSI, 2008j,k,l,m; Shell, 1997a, b).
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