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EC number: 295-518-9
CAS number: 92062-05-0
A complex combination of hydrocarbons obtained from the vacuum distillation of the products from a thermal cracking process. It consists predominantly of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly greater than C34 and boiling above approximately 495°C (923°F).
The aquatic toxicity was estimated using the PETROTOX computer model, which combines a partitioning model (used to calculate the aqueous concentration of hydrocarbon components as a function of substance loading) with the Target Lipid Model (used to calculate acute and chronic toxicity of non-polar narcotic chemicals). PETROTOX computes toxicity based on the summation of the aqueous-phase concentrations of hydrocarbon block(s) that represent a hydrocarbon substance and membrane-water partition coefficients (KMW) that describe the partitioning of the hydrocarbons between the water and organism. Results of computer modelling to estimate aquatic chronic toxicity in a 28-day freshwater fish study show no toxicity to freshwater fish at or below its maximum attainable water solubility (Redman et al., 2010b).
Compositional analysis of oxidised bitumen using two-dimensional gas chromatography indicates a greater amount of quantifiable constituents compared to other types of bitumen. Therefore (Q)SAR data from oxidised bitumen can be used as a conservative read across for the bitumen category.
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