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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

4.1. Description of first aid measures
Immediately remove contaminated clothing. If the patient is likely to become unconscious, place and transport in stable sideways position (recovery position). If not breathing, give artificial respiration. First aid personnel should pay attention to their own safety.

If inhaled:
Remove the affected individual into fresh air and keep the person calm. Immediately administer a corticosteroid from a controlled/metered dose inhaler. Assist breathing with a ventilator bag or ventilator. Immediate medical attention required.
On skin contact:
Immediately wash thoroughly with plenty of water, apply sterile dressings, consult a skin specialist.

On contact with eyes:
Immediately wash affected eyes for at least 15 minutes under running water with eyelids held open, consult an eye specialist.

On ingestion:
Immediately rinse mouth and then drink 200-300 ml of water, seek medical attention.


4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Symptoms: Information, i.e. additional information on symptoms and effects may be included in the GHS labeling phrases available in Section 2 and in the Toxicological assessments available in Section 11., Further symptoms are possible

4.3. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
Treatment: Treat according to symptoms (decontamination, vital functions), no known specific antidote. Pulmonary odema prophylaxis. Medical monitoring for at least 24 hours.

Fire-fighting measures

5.1. Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media:
water spray, dry powder, foam, carbon dioxide

5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
nitrogen oxides, carbon oxides
The substances/groups of substances mentioned can be released in case of fire. Under certain conditions in case of fire other hazardous combustion products may be generated.

5.3. Advice for fire-fighters
Special protective equipment:
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and chemical-protective clothing.

Further information:
Collect contaminated extinguishing water separately, do not allow to reach sewage or effluent systems. Dispose of fire debris and contaminated extinguishing water in accordance with official regulations.

Accidental release measures

6.1. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Avoid inhalation. Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing.

6.2. Environmental precautions
Do not empty into drains.

6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up
For large amounts: Pump off product.
For residues: Pick up with suitable absorbent material (e.g. sand, sawdust, general-purpose binder, kieselguhr). Dispose of absorbed material in accordance with regulations.

6.4. Reference to other sections
Information regarding exposure controls/personal protection and disposal considerations can be found in section 8 and 13.

Handling and storage

7.1. Precautions for safe handling
Ensure thorough ventilation of stores and work areas. Keep container tightly closed.

Protection against fire and explosion:
Prevent electrostatic charge - sources of ignition should be kept well clear - fire extinguishers should be kept handy.

7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Segregate from acids and acid forming substances. Segregate from oxidants.

Suitable materials for containers: Stainless steel 1.4401, Stainless steel 1.4301 (V2), High density polyethylene (HDPE), Low density polyethylene (LDPE), carbon steel (iron), glass
Unsuitable materials for containers: aluminum, zinc coated, paper, board, tin (tinplate)
Further information on storage conditions: Keep container tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place. Keep container dry.

Storage class according to TRGS 510 (originally VCI, Germany): (8A) Combustible corrosive substances

Storage stability:
Storage temperature: 20 °C
Storage duration: 24 Months
May yellow after lengthy storage.
From the data on storage duration in this safety data sheet no agreed statement regarding the warrantee of application properties can be deduced.

7.3. Specific end use(s)
For the relevant identified use(s) listed in Section 1 the advice mentioned in this section 7 is to be observed.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

8.1. Control parameters

Components with occupational exposure limits

No occupational exposure limits known.

PNEC
freshwater: 0,091 mg/l

marine water: 0,0091 mg/l

intermittent release: 0,122 mg/l

STP: 170 mg/l

sediment (freshwater): 3,14 mg/kg

sediment (marine water): 0,314 mg/kg

soil: 0,164 mg/kg

oral (secondary poisoning):
No PNEC value available.


DNEL
worker:
Long-term exposure- systemic effects, Inhalation: 17,45 mg/m3

worker:
Long-term exposure- systemic effects, dermal: 2,5 mg/kg


8.2. Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
Respiratory protection:
Respiratory protection in case of vapour/aerosol release. Combination filter for gases/vapours of organic compounds and solid and liquid particles (f.e. EN 14387 Type A-P2)

Hand protection:
Chemical resistant protective gloves (EN 374)
Suitable materials also with prolonged, direct contact (Recommended: Protective index 6, corresponding > 480 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374):
butyl rubber (butyl) - 0.7 mm coating thickness
fluoroelastomer (FKM) - 0.7 mm coating thickness
Supplementary note: The specifications are based on tests, literature data and information of glove manufacturers or are derived from similar substances by analogy. Due to many conditions (e.g. temperature) it must be considered, that the practical usage of a chemical-protective glove in practice may be much shorter than the permeation time determined through testing.
Manufacturer's directions for use should be observed because of great diversity of types.

Eye protection:
Tightly fitting safety goggles (cage goggles) (e.g. EN 166) and face shield.

Body protection:
Body protection must be chosen depending on activity and possible exposure, e.g. apron, protecting boots, chemical-protection suit (according to EN 14605 in case of splashes or EN ISO 13982 in case of dust).

Body protection must be chosen depending on activity and possible exposure, e.g. apron, protecting boots, chemical-protection suit (according to EN 14605 in case of splashes or EN ISO 13982 in case of dust).

General safety and hygiene measures
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing. Avoid inhalation of vapour. Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.

Stability and reactivity

10.1. Reactivity
Vapours may form explosive mixture with air.


Corrosion to metals:
Corrosive effects to metal are not anticipated. In the presence of water or moisture metal corrosion cannot be excluded.
Formation of flammable gases: Remarks: Forms no flammable gases in the presence of water.


10.2. Chemical stability
The product is stable if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.

10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions
Hazardous reactions in presence of mentioned substances to avoid. Evolution of heat under influence of acids.


10.4. Conditions to avoid
Avoid all sources of ignition: heat, sparks, open flame. Avoid extreme temperatures.

10.5. Incompatible materials

Substances to avoid:
oxidizing agents, acids

10.6. Hazardous decomposition products

No hazardous decomposition products if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.

Disposal considerations

13.1. Waste treatment methods

Incinerate in suitable incineration plant, observing local authority regulations.
A waste code in accordance with the European waste catalog (EWC) cannot be specified, due to dependence on the usage.
The waste code in accordance with the European waste catalog (EWC) must be specified in cooperation with disposal agency/manufacturer/authorities.


Contaminated packaging:
Contaminated packaging should be emptied as far as possible; then it can be passed on for recycling after being thoroughly cleaned.