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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to birds

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Description of key information

From the available literature data there is no indication of unacceptable risks for birds from exposure to the substance. However, data from the mammalian dataset could be used for the risk assessment.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

From the available literature data there is no indication of unacceptable risks for birds from exposure to the substance. However, data from the mammalian dataset could be used for the risk assessment.

In Annex X of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 REACH concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), it is suggested, that in case of long term toxicity testing to birds "any need for testing should be carefully considered taking into account the large mammalian dataset that is usually available at this tonnage level."

Furthermore, ECHA (2008) states in the "Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment Chapter R.7c" that "given that mammalian toxicity is considered in detail for human health protection, the need for additional data for birds must be considered very carefully – new tests are a last resort in the data collection process."

Exposure of birds is generally only considered for the fish and earthworm food chains following the release of a substance via a sewage treatment works. It is unlikely that a secondary poisoning risk will be identified for the substance it is readily biodegradable and has a log Kow below 3).