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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

INHALATION
If fumes or combustion products are inhaled remove from contaminated area.
Lay patient down. Keep warm and rested.
Prostheses such as false teeth, which may block airway, should be removed, where possible, prior to initiating first aid procedures.
Apply artificial respiration if not breathing, preferably with a demand valve resuscitator, bag-valve mask device, or pocket mask as trained. Perform CPR if necessary.
Transport to hospital, or doctor, without delay.

SKIN
Immediately remove all contaminated clothing, including footwear.
Flush skin and hair with running water (and soap if available).
Seek medical attention in event of irritation.

EYES
If this product comes in contact with the eyes:
Immediately hold eyelids apart and flush the eye continuously with running water.
Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.
Continue flushing until advised to stop by the Poisons Information Center or a doctor, or for at least 15 minutes.
Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.
Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by skilled personnel.

INGESTION
If swallowed do NOT induce vomiting.
If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain open airway and prevent aspiration.
Observe the patient carefully.
Never give liquid to a person showing signs of being sleepy or with reduced awareness; i.e. becoming unconscious.
Give water to rinse out mouth, then provide liquid slowly and as much as casualty can comfortably drink.
Seek medical advice.

Fire-fighting measures

SUITABLE EXTINGUISHING MEDIA
Foam, dry chemical powder, BCF (where regulations permit), carbon dioxide. Water spray or fog - large fires only

FIRE FIGHTING
Alert Emergency Responders and tell them location and nature of hazard.
Wear breathing apparatus plus protective gloves.
Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course.
Use water delivered as a fine spray to control fire and cool adjacent area.
DO NOT approach containers suspected to be hot.
Cool fire exposed containers with water spray from a protected location.
If safe to do so, remove containers from path of fire.
Equipment should be thoroughly decontaminated after use.

GENERAL FIRE HAZARDS
Combustible solid which burns but propagates flame with difficulty.
Avoid generating dust, particularly clouds of dust in a confined or unventilated space as dusts may form an explosive mixture with air, and any source of ignition, i.e. flame or spark, will cause fire or explosion.
Dust clouds generated by the fine grinding of the solid are a particular hazard; accumulations of fine dust may burn rapidly and fiercely if ignited.
Dry dust can be charged electro statically by turbulence, pneumatic transport, pouring, in exhaust ducts and during transport.
Build-up of electrostatic charge may be prevented by bonding and grounding.
Powder handling equipment such as dust collectors, dryers and mills may require additional protection measures such as explosion venting.
Combustion products include: carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), other pyrolysis products typical of burning organic material.
May emit poisonous fumes.
May emit corrosive fumes.

FIRE INCOMPATIBILITY
Avoid contamination with oxidizing agents i.e. nitrates, oxidizing acids, chlorine bleaches, pool chlorine etc. as ignition may result.

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
Glasses : Chemical goggles.
Gloves : Polychloropren etc.
Respirator: Particulate.

Accidental release measures

MINOR SPILLS
Remove all ignition sources.
Clean up all spills immediately.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Control personal contact by using protective equipment.
Use dry clean up procedures and avoid generating dust.
Place in a suitable, labeled container for waste disposal

MAJOR SPILLS
Moderate hazard.
CAUTION: Advise personnel in area.
Alert Emergency Responders and tell them location and nature of hazard.
Control personal contact by wearing protective clothing.
Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water courses.
Recover product wherever possible.
IF DRY: Use dry clean up procedures and avoid generating dust. Collect residues and place in sealed plastic bags or other containers for disposal. IF WET: Vacuum/shovel up and place in labeled containers for disposal.
ALWAYS: Wash area down with large amounts of water and prevent runoff into drains.
If contamination of drains or waterways occurs, advise emergency services.

Handling and storage

PRECAUTIONS FOR SAFE HANDLING
Avoid all personal contact, including inhalation.
Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs.
Use in a well-ventilated area.
Prevent concentration in hollows and sumps.
DO NOT enter confined spaces until atmosphere has been checked.
DO NOT allow material to contact humans, exposed food or food utensils.
Avoid contact with incompatible materials.
When handling, DO NOT eat, drink or smoke.
Keep containers securely sealed when not in use.
Avoid physical damage to containers.
Always wash hands with soap and water after handling.
Work clothes should be laundered separately.
Launder contaminated clothing before re-use.
Use good occupational work practice.
Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations.
Atmosphere should be regularly checked against established exposure standards to ensure safe working conditions are maintained.
Empty containers may contain residual dust which has the potential to accumulate following settling. Such dusts may explode in the presence of an appropriate ignition source.
Do NOT cut, drill, grind or weld such containers.
In addition ensure such activity is not performed near full, partially empty or empty containers without appropriate workplace safety authorization or permit.

CONDITIONS FOR SAFE STORAGE
Store in original containers.
Keep containers securely sealed.
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area.
Store away from incompatible materials and foodstuff containers.
Protect containers against physical damage and check regularly for leaks.
Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations.
Container : 1.Glass container, 2.Iron container, 3.Polyethylene or polypropylene container.

Storage Incompatibility
Segregate from alcohol, water.
Avoid strong bases.
Avoid reaction with oxidizing agents.
NOTE: May develop pressure in containers; open carefully. Vent periodically.

Transport information

Land transport (ADR/RID)

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Remarks:
Land transportation must be handled in accordance with local, state and federal regulations.
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Marine transport (IMDG)

Marine pollutant
Remarks
In bulk, Marine transportation must be handled in accordance with IBC code.
Not Regulated for transport of dangerous goods.
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Exposure controls / personal protection

TECHNICAL PROTECTION MEASURES
Local exhaust ventilation is required where solids are handled as powders or crystals; even when particulates are relatively large, a certain proportion will be powdered by mutual friction.
Exhaust ventilation should be designed to prevent accumulation and recirculation of particulates in the workplace.

HAND / SKIN / BODY PROTECTION
NOTE: The material may produce skin sensitization in predisposed individuals. Care must be taken, when removing gloves and other protective equipment, to avoid all possible skin contact.
Suitability and durability of glove type is dependent on usage. Factors such as; frequency and duration of contact, chemical resistance of glove material, glove thickness and dexterity are important in the selection of gloves.
Experience indicates that the following polymers are suitable as glove materials for protection against undissolved, dry solids, where abrasive particles are not present; polychloroprene, nitrile rubber, butyl rubber, fluororubberand polyvinyl chloride.
Gloves should be examined for wear and/ or degradation constantly.

EYE / FACE PROTECTION
Safety glasses with side shields.
Chemical goggles.
Contact lenses pose a special hazard; soft lenses may absorb irritants and all lenses concentrate them. DO NOT wear contact lenses.

RESPIRATORY PROTECTION
The local concentration of material, quantity and conditions of use determine the type of personal protective equipment required.
Use appropriate NIOSH-certified respirator based on informed professional judgement. In conditions where no reasonable estimate of exposure can be made, assume the exposure is in a concentration IDLH and use NIOSH-certified full face pressure demand SCBA with a minimumservice life of 30 minutes, or a combination full facepiece pressure demand SAR with auxiliary self-contained air supply.
Respirators provided only for escape from IDLH atmospheres shall be NIOSH-certified for escape from the atmosphere in which they will be used.
For further information consult your Occupational Health and Safety Advisor.

Stability and reactivity

STABILITY - Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage.

POSSIBILITY OF HAZARDOUS REACTIONS - Hazardous polymerization will not occur.

CONDITIONS TO AVOID - Segregate from alcohol, water.

INCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS - Alcohol, Water, Strong Bases, Oxidizing Agents.

HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS - Combustion products include: carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), other pyrolysis products typical of burning organic material.


Disposal considerations

All waste must be handled in accordance with local, state and federal regulations.
Puncture containers to prevent re-use and bury at an authorized landfill.
Legislation addressing waste disposal requirements may differ by country, state and/or territory. Each user must refer to laws operating in their area. In some areas, certain wastes must be tracked.
A Hierarchy of Controls seems to be common - the user should investigate; Reduction, Reuse, Recycling and Disposal (if all else fails)
This material may be recycled if unused, or if it has not been contaminated so as to make it unsuitable for its intended use. Shelf life considerations should also be applied in making decisions of this type. Note that properties of a material may change.
DO NOT allow wash water from cleaning equipment to enter drains. Collect all wash water for treatment before disposal.
Recycle wherever possible.
Consult manufacturer for recycling options or consult Waste Management Authority for
disposal if no suitable treatment or disposal facility can be identified.
Dispose of by: Burial in a licensed land-fill or Incineration in a licensed
apparatus (after admixture with suitable combustible material).
Decontaminate empty containers. Observe all label safeguards until containers are cleaned and destroyed.