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EC number: 932-165-8
CAS number: -
Valid aquatic toxicity tests for fish,
aquatic invertebrates and algae are available for Vinasses, residue of
fermentation and are read-across among the category members.
Acute values determined are >56 mg/L
(EC50) and >58 mg/L (LC50) for Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata
and Cyprinus carpio, respectively. NOECs determined in chronic
studies are 23 and 42 mg/L for Daphnia magna and 56 mg/L for Pseudokirchneriella
subcapitata. These results clearly indicate, that Vinasses, residue
of fermentation are neither acute nor chronic toxic to aquatic organisms
among all trophic levels. The lowest no observed effect concentration,
obtained from results of a chronic test on Daphnia magna, was
used for the derivation of PNECaquatic.
Furthermore, a respiration inhibition
test on activated sludge, using the same test substance resulted in an
EC50(3h) > 100 mg/L, underlining the absence of harmful effects on the
Since the substance is readily
biodegradable, a chronic exposure in the aquatic environment can be
excluded. Together with the absence of any harmful or toxic effects on
aquatic organisms, further testing on aquatic vertebrates is
The same applies to the terrestrial
environment. Due to the ready biodegradability, a chronic exposure of
terrestrial organisms is excluded. The ready biodegradability implies
good metabolization in microorganisms, and presumably vertebrates as
well, which is underlined by the toxicokinetic assessment for the
category members. Furthermore, due to the lack of any toxicological or
ecotoxicological effects, it can be safely assumed that there is no risk
from any of the category members for terrestrial organisms and no
effects of secondary poisoning to predators, including birds. This
assessment is underlined by the fact that Vinasses have been used as
animal food for decades and also by their use as fertilizer. Therefore,
no tests on terrestric organisms are provided and no PNECs derived.
available data on environmental toxicity of the substance are conclusive
but not sufficient for classification according to the CLP
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice.Reproduction or further distribution of this information may be subject to copyright protection. Use of the information without obtaining the permission from the owner(s) of the respective information might violate the rights of the owner.
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