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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in vivo (LLNA)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
From 2011-05-25 to 2011-06-13
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: see 'Remark'
Remarks:
The reliability is rated 2 because the study followed the standard guideline of reference (OECD 429), which describes a procedure designed to evaluate this endpoint, but with a protocol deviation. The results were reviewed for reliability and assessed as valid, and the study was conducted under GLP condition.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2011

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 429 (Skin Sensitisation: Local Lymph Node Assay)
Version / remarks:
: Use of the lymph node cell count for measurement of the cell proliferation instead of the determination of DNA synthetis (3H-thymidine incorporation into the lymph node cells).Lymph node cell count is more direct measurement of cell proliferation.
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of study:
mouse local lymph node assay (LLNA)

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
tetrakis{9-[2-(ethoxycarbonyl)phenyl]-3,6-bis(ethylamino)-2,7-dimethylxanthylium} C12-(branched and/or linear)-alkyl-(4-sulfonatophenoxy)benzenesulfonate and oxybis[C12-(branched and/or linear)-alkyl-benzenesulfonate]
EC Number:
700-761-5
Molecular formula:
not applicable
IUPAC Name:
tetrakis{9-[2-(ethoxycarbonyl)phenyl]-3,6-bis(ethylamino)-2,7-dimethylxanthylium} C12-(branched and/or linear)-alkyl-(4-sulfonatophenoxy)benzenesulfonate and oxybis[C12-(branched and/or linear)-alkyl-benzenesulfonate]
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Sepisol Fast Red SN
- Substance type: Organic salt - UVCB
- Physical state: Red powder
- Lot/batch No.: 029244
- Storage condition of test material: Room temperature

In vivo test system

Test animals

Species:
mouse
Strain:
CBA
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Elevage Janvier (F-53941 Le Genest Saint Isle)
- Age at study initiation: 8 weeks old
- Weight at study initiation: 19.2 to 22.7 g
- Housing: Individually housed in suspended solid-floor polypropylene cages furnished with softwood woodflakes.
- Diet : Food (M20, SDS) ad libitum
- Water : Tap water ad libitum
- Acclimation period: At least 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 22+/-3°C
- Humidity (%): 30 to 70%
- Air changes (per hr): approximately 15 changes /hr
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hrs dark / 12 hrs light

Study design: in vivo (LLNA)

Vehicle:
dimethylformamide
Concentration:
Test item diluted at concentrations of 25% (v/v), 10% (v/v) and 5% (v/v) in the dimethylformamide (DMF).
No. of animals per dose:
4 animals per dose + 4 animals for the vehicle control (vehicle alone)

(An additional mouse was treated in each group in case of problem which may occur during the study, in particular during the excision of lymph nodes).
Details on study design:
RANGE FINDING TESTS
- Concentration: Application of 25 µL of the test item diluted at 50% in DMF to the dorsal surface of each ear for three consecutive days (D1, D2 and D3).
- Irritation: Daily examination. Ear thickness recorded on D1, D3 and D6. Bodyweight recorded on D1 and D6.
- Lymph node proliferation response: Not performed.

MAIN STUDY
ANIMAL ASSIGNMENT AND TREATMENT
- Name of test method: Pooled approach with the lymph node cell count method.
- Criteria used to consider a positive response: In order to assess any posible irritant effect:
1) Ear thickness measurements of the right ear of each animal (vehicle and treated groups) by a micrometer, performed on D1, D3 and D6;
2) Any local reactions recorded;
3) On D6, punch biopsies of 8 mm in diameter of the apical area of both ears were prepared and weighed and the two lymph nodes per mouse were weighed. (In fact, possible irritancy may be involved in false positive lymphoproliferative responses).

In order to assess the skin sensisation of the test item, animals were anaesthetised on D6. The draining auricular lymph nodes from the four mice were excised and pooled for each experimental group. The proliferation response of lymph node cells was expressed as the stimulation index :

SI = Cell count of treated group / Cell count of control group

Remark: As the excision of lymph nodes was doubtful for one animal in groups 2 and 4, the lymph nodes of the additional mouse treated were collected and only the data concerning the 4 selected animals of each group were used in the study.

The test item will be regarded as a sensitiser if at least one concentration of the test item results is greater than 1.4 compared to control values. The irritation level were also taken into account for the interpretation of the results. Any test item failing to produce a SI<1.4 will be classified as a "non-sensitiser".

Lymph node cell count is more direct measurement of cell proliferation than determination of DNA synthesis and therefore considered an appropriate parameter for evaluation of cell proliferation in the assay. In this case, the cut-off value is much lower and it's fixed at 1.4 times increase of stimulation index (instead of 3 for the 3H-thymidine method). This is understandable by the facts that cell count indices have:
- Lower individual variance compared to 3H-thymidine incorporation
- Lower maximum stimulation indices compared to radioactive labelling.

TREATMENT PREPARATION AND ADMINISTRATION: 25 µL of the appropriate concentration of the test item (5%, 10%, 25% or the vehicule) was applied to the dorsal surface of each ear, using an automatic micropipette and spread over the dorsal surface of the ear using the tip of the pipette. The application was repeated on days 2 and 3. On D6, the draining auricular lymph nodes from mouses were excised and pooled for each experimental group after anaesthetisia. Then, a single cell suspension of the lymph node cells of 4 mice of each group was prepared by gentle mechanical tissue disaggregation through a 200-mesh cell strainers in 4 mL of PBS containing 0.5% BSA into a 6-well multiwell plate. 10 µL of this cell suspension was diluted in 10 mL of physiological saline solution (NaCl 0.9%). The lymphocyte cells were counted using a cell counter. For the run, the lower size selected was 5 µM and the upper size selected was 15 µm (the average size of a lymphocyte is 8 µm).

Positive control substance(s):
hexyl cinnamic aldehyde (CAS No 101-86-0)

Results and discussion

Positive control results:
CURRENT POSITIVE CONTROL STUDY - Performed from 2010-12-29 to 2011-01-03

Three groups, each of four animals, were treated with 50 µL (25µL per ear) of alpha-Hexylcinnamaldehyde, as a solution in acetone/olive oil (4:1; v/v) (AOO) at concentrations of 5%, 10% and 25% (v/V). a further control group of four animals was treated with acetone/olive oil (4:1; v/v) alone.

The Stimulation Index expressed as the cell count for each treatement group divided by the mean cell count of the vehicle control group are as follows:

Groups Test item Cell count/groups Stimulation Index Result
concentration (x106 cells/mL) (S.I.)
1 AOO 21.11 n.a. n.a.
2 5% 25.61 1.21 Negative
3 10% 31.12 1.47 Positive
4 25% 50.87 2.41 Positive

The EC1.4 value = 8.65%

In conclusion, in view of these results, under these experimental conditions, the positive control must be classified R43 "may cause sensitisation by skin contact" in accordance with the criteria for classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances and preparations of the E.E.C. Directives 67/548, 2001/59 and 99/45. This substance must be characterised by the symbol "Xi" and the warning label "Irritant". In accordance with the regulation (EC) n°1272/2008, the test item must be classified in category 1 "Skin sensitisation". The signal word "Warning" and hazard statement H317 "May cause an allergic skin reaction" are required.

In vivo (LLNA)

Resultsopen allclose all
Parameter:
SI
Remarks on result:
other: SI = Cell count of treated group / Cell count of control group. It's calculated by the pooled approach Group 1 (DMF): Not applicable Group 2 (5%), SI = 1.39 Group 3 (10%), SI = 1.44 Group 4 (25%), SI = 2.08
Parameter:
other: disintegrations per minute (DPM)
Remarks on result:
other: The disintegrations per minute wasn't performed. The cell counting deviation was used: Group 1 (DMF) = 21.50 x E6 cells/mL Group 2 (5%) = 29.82 x E6 cells/mL Group 3 (10%) = 30.97 x E6 cells/mL Group 4 (25%) = 44.63 x E6 cells/mL

Any other information on results incl. tables

Cell count, stimulation index and calculation of EC1.4

Groups

Test item

Cell count/groups

(x106cells/mL)

Stimulation Index

(S.I.)

Result

EC1.4value

1

DMF

21.50

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

2

5%

29.82

1.39

Negative

6.00%

3

10%

30.97

1.44

Positive

4

25%

44.63

2.08

Positive

DMF: dimethylformamide

 

The EC1.4 value is determined by linear interpolation of points on the dose-response curve, immediately above and below the 1.4-fold threshold, according the equation:

EC1.4= c + [(1.4 – d) / (b – d)] x (a – c)

a= the lowest concentration giving stimulation index > 1.4 so a=10

b= the actual stimulation index caused by a. so b=1.44

c= the highest concentration failing to produce a stimulation index of 1.4 so c=5

d= the actual stimulation index caused by c so d=1.39

EC1.4= 5 + [(1.4 – 1.39) / (1.44 – 1.39)] x (10 – 5) = 6%

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
sensitising
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
In view of these results, under these experimental conditions, the test item Sepisol Fast Red SN must be classified as a skin sensitiser. In, accordance with the criteria for classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances and preparations of the E.E.C. Directives 67/548, 2001/59 and 99/45, this item must be characterised by the symbol "Xi" and the warning label "Irritant" with the risk sentence R43 "May cause sensitisation by skin contact". In accordance with the regulation with the Regulation EC N° 1272/2008, the test item must be classified in category 1 "Skin sensitisation". The signal word "Warning" and hazard statement H317 "May cause an allergic skin reaction" are required.
Executive summary:

The test was performed to assess the skin sensitisation potential of the test item Sepisol Fast Red SN in the CBA/J strain mouse following topical applications to the dorsal surface of the ear.

A preliminary study was performed using one mouse, treated daily (on D1, D2 and D3) with 25 µL per ear of the test item diluted at 50% in dimethylformamide (DMF). Sign of excessive irritation was noted at the concentration of 50%. Therefore, the concentration of 25% was chosen as the highest concentration for the main study.

For the main test, three groups of four animals, were treated for three consecutive days (D1, D2 and D3) with 25 µL per ear of the test item diluted in dimethylformamide (DMF) at concentrations of 5%, 10% and 25% (v/v). A further group of four animals was treated with DMF.

On D6, the proliferation of lymphocytes in the draining auricular lymph nodes was determined by cell counting. The experimental protocol was established according the OECD guideline N° 429 dated 22 july 2010 and the test method B.42 of the council regulation N° 440/2008.

No mortality and no signs of systemic toxicity were noted in the test and control animals during the test. No cutaneous reaction was noted on the treatment site of animals, whatever the administered concentration. A pink coloration (due to the coloration of the test item) was noted on the treatment site from day 2 in all treated animals, and all treated animals presented with pink faeces

No significant increase in ear thickness and in ear weight was noted in none of animals. Therefore, the test item must be considered as not excessively irritant at the three concentrations.

The stimulation index (SI) calculated by pooled approach was 1.39, 1.44 and 2.08 for the treated groups at 5%, 10% and 25% respectively.

The EC1.4value determined by linear extrapolation is 6%.

In view of these results, under these experimental conditions, the test item Sepisol Fast Red SN must be classified as a skin sensitiser. In accordance with the criteria for classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances and preparation of theE.E.C. Directives 67/548, 2001/59and99/45, this item must be characterised by the symbol "Xi" and the warning label "Irritant" with the risk sentence R43 "May cause sensitisation by skin contact".

In accordance with the Regulation EC N°1272/2008, the test item must be classified in category 1 "Skin sensitisation". The signal word "Warning" and hazard statement H317 "May cause an allergic skin reaction" are required.

 

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