Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Workers - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
11.75 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
75
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
DNEL value:
881.6 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

NOAECcorr = NOAELoral*(1/0.38 m³/kg bw/day)*(ABSoral-rat/ABSinh-human)*(6.7 m³ (8h)/10 m³ (8h)) = 1000 mg/kg bw/day*(1/0.38 m³/kg bw/day)*0.67*(0.5/1) = 881.6 mg/m³. It is assumed that oral absorption rate is 50% of that of inhalation absorption. ABSoral-rat=oral absorption rate in rats, ABSinh-human=inhalation absorption rate in humans.

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
The dose descriptor starting point is based on a NOAEL
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
The DNEL is based on a subacute study
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
AF not used for the inhalation route
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default AF according to ECHA REACH guidance
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Default AF for workers according to ECHA REACH guidance
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The data base is adequate and of good quality (taking into account reliability and consistency across different studies and endpoints).
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
33.3 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
300
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
10 000 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

NOAELcorr = NOAELoral*(ABSoral-rat/ABSdermal-human) = (1000 mg/kg bw/day)*(1/0.1) = 10000 mg/kg bw/day. It is assumed that the dermal absorption rate is 10% of that of the oral absorption according to ECHA CSA Guidance Chapter R.7c Figure R.7.12-5 and QSAR calculation with DermWinTM. ABSoral-rat=oral absorption rate in rats, ABSdermal-human=dermal absorption rate in humans.

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
The dose descriptor starting point is based on a NOAEL
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
The DNEL is based on a subacute study
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
The experimental animal was a rat
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default AF according to ECHA REACH guidance
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Default AF for workers according to ECHA REACH guidance
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The data base is adequate and of good quality (taking into account reliability and consistency across different studies and endpoints).
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
Route of original study:
Dermal
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion

Workers - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Additional information - workers

General Population - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
2.9 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
150
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
DNEL value:
434.8 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

NOAECcorr = NOAELoral*(1/1.15 m³/kg bw/day)*(ABSoral-rat/ABSinh-human) = 1000 mg/kg bw/day*(1/1.15 m³/kg bw/day)*(0.5/1) = 434.8 mg/m³. It is assumed that oral absorption rate is 50% of that of inhalation absorption. ABSoral-rat=oral absorption rate in rats, ABSinh-human=inhalation absorption rate in humans.

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
The dose descriptor starting point is based on a NOAEL
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
The DNEL is based on a subacute study
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
AF not used for the inhalation route
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default AF according to ECHA REACH Guidance
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default AF for general population according to ECHA REACH Guidance
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The data base is adequate and of good quality (taking into account reliability and consistency across different studies and endpoints).
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
16.7 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
600
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
10 000 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

NOAELcorr = NOAELoral*(ABSoral-rat/ABSdermal-human) = (1000 mg/kg bw/day)*(1/0.1) = 10000 mg/kg bw/day. It is assumed that the dermal absorption rate is 10% of that of the oral absorption according to ECHA CSA Guidance Chapter R.7c Figure R.7.12-5 and QSAR calculation with DermWinTM. ABSoral-rat=oral absorption rate in rats, ABSdermal-human=dermal absorption rate in humans.

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
The dose descriptor starting point is based on a NOAEL
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
The DNEL is based on a subacute study
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
The experimental animal was a rat
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default AF according to ECHA REACH Guidance
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default AF for general population according to ECHA REACH Guidance
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The data base is adequate and of good quality (taking into account reliability and consistency across different studies and endpoints).
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
Route of original study:
Dermal
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion

General Population - Hazard via oral route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
1.67 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
600
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

No route-to-route extrapolation required.

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
The dose descriptor starting point is based on a NOAEL
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
The DNEL is based on a subacute study
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
The experimental animal was a rat
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default AF according to ECHA REACH Guidance
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default AF for general population according to ECHA REACH Guidance
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The data base is adequate and of good quality (taking into account reliability and consistency across different studies and endpoints).
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Additional information - General Population