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Environmental fate & pathways

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

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Reference
Endpoint:
bioaccumulation in aquatic species: fish
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
The substance is a hydrocarbon UVCB. Standard tests for this endpoint are intended for single substances and are not appropriate for this complex substance. However, this endpoint is fulfilled using quantitative structure property relationships for representative hydrocarbon structures. The BCFBAF 3.01 model is a well characterised and generally accepted bioaccumulation prediction model, used by the USEPA, the OECD and recommended by ECHA. The SMILES input data for the BCFBAF 3.01 model is obtained from the PETRORISK Product Library (see OECD QSAR Toolbox report in 'Attached full study report' and PETRORISK report attached in IUCLID section 13).
Qualifier:
no guideline required
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Software tool(s) used including version: OECD QSAR Toolbox Version 4.4.1
Model(s) used: BCFBAF v3.01 – Arnot-Gobas model which was corrected to 5% lipid content in fish.
The SMILES input data for the BFBAF3.01 model is obtained from the PETRORISK Product Library (see OECD QSAR Toolbox report in ‘Attached full study report’ and PETRORISK report attached in IUCLID section 13).
GLP compliance:
no
Remarks:
(Q)SAR
Key result
Type:
BCF
Value:
>= 30.85 - <= 2 626.13 L/kg
Remarks on result:
other: normalized to a 5% lipid content in fish
Validity criteria fulfilled:
not applicable
Conclusions:
The calculated BCF of this substance ranges from 30.85 - 2626.13 L/kg.
Executive summary:

The substance is a hydrocarbon UVCB. Standard tests for this endpoint are intended for single substances and are not appropriate for this complex substance. However, this endpoint is fulfilled using quantitative structure property relationships for representative hydrocarbon structures. The BCFBAF 3.01 model is a well characterised and generally accepted bioaccumulation prediction model, used by the USEPA, the OECD and recommended by ECHA. The SMILES input data for the BCFBAF 3.01 model is obtained from the PETRORISK Product Library (see OECD QSAR Toolbox report in 'Attached full study report' and PETRORISK report attached in IUCLID section 13).

The calculated BCF of this substance ranges from 30.85 - 2626.13 L/kg.

Description of key information

Hydrocarbons, C9 -C11, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics are hydrocarbon UVCBs. Standard tests for this endpoint are intended for single substances and are not appropriate for this complex substance. However, this endpoint is fulfilled using quantitative structure property relationships for representative hydrocarbon structures. The BCFBAF 3.01 model is a well characterised and generally accepted bioaccumulation prediction model, used by the USEPA, the OECD and recommended by ECHA. The SMILES input data for the BCFBAF 3.01 model is obtained from the PETRORISK Product Library (see OECD QSAR Toolbox report in 'Attached full study report' and PETRORISK report attached in IUCLID section 13).

The calculated BCF of Hydrocarbons, C9 -C11, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics ranges from 30.85 - 2626.13 L/kg.

The BCFWIN v2.16 model within EPISuite 3.12 has been used to estimate the bioaccumulation potential of a number of representative substances. This data is used as a weight of evidence alongside the data reported above.

The calculated BCF of decane is 144.3 L/kg. This value indicates that decane is not considered a bioaccumulative substance.

The calculated BCF of undecane is 337.8 L/kg. This value indicates that undecane is not considered a bioaccumulative substance.

The calculated BCF of dodecane is 790.9 L/kg. This value indicates that dodecane is not considered a bioaccumulative substance.

The calculated BCF of tetradecane is 962.9 L/kg. This value indicates that tetradecane is not considered a bioaccumulative substance.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information