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Diss Factsheets

Manufacture, use & exposure

Article service life

Documentsopen allclose all

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC2b: Other machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Insignificant exposure via the following route:
oral
dermal
eye
inhalatory
Insignificant release via the following route:
water
air
soil
waste
Pattern of exposure:
accidental / infrequent

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC2b: Other machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Cutting disks, grinding wheels, welding agent, break pads
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Cutting disks, grinding wheels, welding agent, break pads
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC2b: Other machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC1a: Vehicles covered by End of Life Vehicles (ELV) directive
AC2a: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles covered by the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive
AC4a: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles: Large surface area articles
AC4g: Other articles made of stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
ERC11b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (indoor)
ERC12b: Processing of articles at industrial sites with high release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC1a: Vehicles covered by End of Life Vehicles (ELV) directive
AC2a: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles covered by the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive
AC4a: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles: Large surface area articles
AC4g: Other articles made of stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12b: Processing of articles at industrial sites with high release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles

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