Registration Dossier

Data platform availability banner - registered substances factsheets

Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Environmental fate & pathways

Biodegradation in water: screening tests

Currently viewing:

Administrative data

biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
07 January - 05 February 2009
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP Guideline study

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guideline
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 301 B (Ready Biodegradability: CO2 Evolution Test)
GLP compliance:

Test material

Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Benzene, 1,1'-(1,2-ethanediyl)bis-, brominated; SH-1
- Substance type: white powder
- Physical state: solid
- Analytical purity: >99%
- Lot/batch No.: 20081010
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 08 January 2011
- Storage condition of test material: stable; at room temperature in the dark

Study design

Oxygen conditions:
Inoculum or test system:
activated sludge, domestic, non-adapted
Details on inoculum:
- Source of inoculum/activated sludge (e.g. location, sampling depth, contamination history, procedure): The source of test organ isms was activated sludge freshly obtained from a municipal sewage treatment plant: ‘Waterschap de Maaskant‘, ‘s-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands, receiving predominantly domestic sewage.
Duration of test (contact time):
29 d
Initial test substance concentration
Initial conc.:
87.7 - 87.9 mg/L
Based on:
test mat.
Parameter followed for biodegradation estimation
Parameter followed for biodegradation estimation:
CO2 evolution
Details on study design:
- Composition of medium:
Stock solutions of mineral components:
A) 8.50 g KH2PO4
21.75 g K2HPO4
67.20 g Na2HPO4*12H2O
0.50 g NH4CI
dissolved in MiIIi-Q water and made up to 1 litre,
pH 7.4 ± 0.2
B) 22.50 g MgSO4.7H20 dissolved in MiIIi-Q water and made up to 1 litre.
C) 36.40 g CaCI2.2H20 dissolved in Milli-Q water and made up to 1 litre.
D) 0.25 g FeCI3.6t-120 dissolved in Milli-Q water and made up to 1 litre.

Mineral medium: 1 litre mineral medium contains: 10 ml of solution (A), 1 ml of solutions (8) to CD) and Milli-RO water.
Barium hydroxide: 0.0125 M Ba(OH)2(Boom, The Netherlands), stored in a sealed vessel to prevent absorption of CO2 from the
Synthetic air (CO2 < 1 ppm): A mixture of oxygen (ca. 20%) and nitrogen (ca. 80%) was passed through a bottle, containing 0.5 - 1 litre 0.0125 M 8a(OH)2 solution to trap CO2 which might be present in small amounts. The synthetic air was sparged through the scrubbing solutions at a rate of approximately 1-2 bubbles per second (ca. 30-100 ml/min).

- Test temperature: 21.4 -22.3
- pH: 7.6 - 7.9

- Culturing apparatus: 2 litre all-glass brown coloured bottles
- Number of culture flasks/concentration:
Test suspension: containing test substance and inoculum (2 bottles).
Inoculum blank: containing only inoculum (2 bottles)
Positive control: containing reference substance and inoculum (1 bottle).
Toxicity control: containing test substance, reference substance and inoculum (1 bottle),

- Sampling frequency: Titrations were made every second or third day during the first 10 days, and thereafter at least every fifth day until the 28th day, for the inoculum blank and test suspension. Titrations for the positive and toxicity control were made at least 14 days.

- Inoculum blank: yes
- Abiotic sterile control: yes
- Toxicity control: yes

Reference substance
Reference substance:
acetic acid, sodium salt
sodium acetate

Results and discussion

% Degradation
% degradation (CO2 evolution)
0 - 1
Sampling time:
29 d

Any other information on results incl. tables

SH-1 was not readily biodegradable under the conditions ofthe modified Sturm test presently performed.

The relative biodegradation values calculated from the measurements performed during the test period revealed no significant biodegradation of SH-1.

In the toxicity control more than 25% biodegradation occurred within 14 days (30%, based on ThCO2). Therefore, the test substance was assumed not to inhibit microbial activity.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
under test conditions no biodegradation observed
The test substance was not readily biodegradable under the conditions of the modified Sturm test presently performed.