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Administrative data

Hazard for aquatic organisms


Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC aqua (freshwater)
PNEC value:
1.9 mg/L
Assessment factor:
Extrapolation method:
sensitivity distribution
PNEC freshwater (intermittent releases):
1.25 mg/L

Marine water

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC aqua (marine water)
PNEC value:
0.6 mg/L
Assessment factor:


Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC value:
10 mg/L

Sediment (freshwater)

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC sediment (freshwater)
PNEC value:
2.6 mg/kg sediment dw

Sediment (marine water)

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC sediment (marine water)
PNEC value:
1.92 mg/kg sediment dw
Extrapolation method:
equilibrium partitioning method

Hazard for air

Hazard for terrestrial organisms


Hazard assessment conclusion:
no exposure of soil expected

Hazard for predators

Secondary poisoning

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no potential for bioaccumulation

Additional information

Conclusion on classification

In water, the phosphoric acid - boron trifluoride complex rapidly decomposes to form phosphoric acid and boron trifluoride dihydrate. The latter reacts further to boric acid and fluoroboric acid, which finally hydrolyses to yield hydrofluoric acid/ fluoride ions (BUA Report 261, 2005). Due to the reactivity of the phosphoric acid – boron trifluoridec omplex in water, a weight of evidence approach was chosen for the assessment of aquatic toxicity, including studies on the submission substance itself as well as studies on decomposition/hydrolysis products. For this purpose all public data described in the EU Risk Assessment Report for boric acid was used.

Fluoride was not included in the assessment, since it is not assumed to significantly contribute to the toxic effect.The EU Risk assessment report on hydrofluoric acid indicates for fluoride ions a PNEC of 0.9 mg/L (or 3.3 mg/L derived with SSD), whereas a PNEC of 0.56 mg/L (or 1.9 mg/L derived with SSD) was estimated for boric acid.

No data is available on the long-term effects of the hydrolysis product phosphoric acid. However, in general, the

total phosphorus concentration including phosphate in rivers and lakes reaches levels of several ppm, suggesting that phosphate has no toxic effects.

We can, therefore, assume that the toxicity of the phosphoric acid - boron trifluoride complex is dominated by the toxicity of H3BO3.

With respect to aquatic toxicity, boric acid is not classified according to Dangerous Substance Directive 1272/2008 (CLP). In conclusion, the substance boron trifluoride phosphoric acid complex needs not to be classified and labelled as under Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008, as amended for the sixth time in Regulation EC No 605/2014.

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