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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
24 February 2009 and 24 March 2009
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study conducted in compliance with agreed protocols, with no or minor deviations from standard test guidelines and/or minor methodological deficiencies, which do not affect the quality of relevant results.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2009
Report date:
2009

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 420 (Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Method)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.1 bis (Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Procedure)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Remarks:
Date of inspection: 19 August 2008; Date of signature: 4 March 2009
Test type:
fixed dose procedure
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Constituent 1
Details on test material:
Sponsor's identification : H-MI ammonium salt
Description : dark red solid
Batch number : MB-1
Date received : 04 December 2008
Storage conditions : room temperature in the dark

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Harlan Laboratories UK Limited, Bicester, Oxon, UK.
- Age at study initiation: Eight to twelve weeks.
- Weight at study initiation: 168g - 182g
- Fasting period before study: Overnight fast immediately before dosing.
- Housing: Housed in groups of up to four in suspended solid floor polypropylene cages furnished with woodflakes.
- Diet: Free access to food (2014 Teklad Global Rodent diet supplied by Harlan Teklad, Blackthorn, Bicester, Oxon, UK) was allowed throughout the study.
- Water: Free access to mains drinking water was allowed throughout the study.
- Acclimation period: At least five days.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 19 to 25°C
- Humidity (%): 30 to 70%
- Air changes (per hr): At least fifteen changes per hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): Lighting was controlled by a time switch to give twelve hours continuous light (06:00 to 18:00) and twelve hours darkness.

IN-LIFE DATES: From: 0 To: Termination.

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
arachis oil
Details on oral exposure:
VEHICLE
- Concentration in vehicle: 30 mg/ml and 200 mg/ml
- Amount of vehicle (if gavage): 10 ml per dose
- Justification for choice of vehicle: Arachis oil BP was used because the test material did not dissolve/suspend in distilled water.
- Lot/batch no. (if required): Not available.
- Purity: Not available.

MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED: 10 ml/kg

CLASS METHOD (if applicable)
- Rationale for the selection of the starting dose: In the absence of data regarding the toxicity of the test material, 300 mg/kg was chosen as the starting dose. One animal was tested.
Doses:
2000 mg/kg
No. of animals per sex per dose:
Five females.
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: Clinical observations were made ½, 1, 2, and 4 hours after dosing and then daily, individual bodyweights were recorded on Day 0 (the day of dosing) and on Days 7 and 14.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: External examination and opening of the abdominal and thoracic cavities. The appearance of any macroscopic abnormalities was recorded. No tissues were retained.

Results and discussion

Preliminary study:
Dose Level - 300 mg/kg

Mortality
There was no mortality.

Clinical Observations
No signs of systemic toxicity were noted during the observation period. Faeces stained red was noted one and two days after dosing.

Bodyweight
The animal showed expected gains in bodyweight over the observation period.

Necropsy
No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.
Effect levels
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Mortality:
There were no deaths.
Clinical signs:
No signs of systemic toxicity were noted during the observation period. Faeces stained red was noted in all animals one and two days after dosing and in one animal three days after dosing.
Body weight:
All animals showed expected gains in bodyweight over the observation period.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The acute oral median lethal dose (LD50) of the test material in the female Wistar strain rat was estimated to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bodyweight (Globally Harmonised Classification System - Unclassified).
Executive summary:

Introduction. The study was performed to assess the acute oral toxicity of the test material in the Wistar strain rat. The method was designed to meet the requirements of the following:

§        OECD Guidelines for Testing of Chemicals No 420 “Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Method” (2001)

§        Method B1bis Acute Toxicity (Oral) of Commission Regulation (EC) No. 440/2008

Method. Following a sighting test at dose levels of 300 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg, a further group of four fasted females was given a single oral dose of test material, as a suspension in arachis oil BP, at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg bodyweight. Clinical signs and bodyweight development were monitored during the study. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy.

Mortality. There were no deaths.

Clinical Observations. There were no signs of systemic toxicity. Faeces stained red was noted in all animals.

Bodyweight. All animals showed expected gains in bodyweight.

Necropsy. No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.

Conclusion. The acute oral median lethal dose (LD50) of the test material in the female Wistar strain rat was estimated to be greater than 2000mg/kg bodyweight (Globally Harmonised Classification System-Unclassified).