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Key value for chemical safety assessment

Genetic toxicity in vitro

Description of key information

An in vitro gene mutation study on bacteria was conducted on the registered substance concluded it was not mutagenic under the conditions of the test, with and without metabolic activation.

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Study period:
April to June 2013
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay
Target gene:
histidine or
tryptophan locus
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Details on mammalian cell type (if applicable):
Not applicable
Species / strain / cell type:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Details on mammalian cell type (if applicable):
Not applicable
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
S-9
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
Experiment 1: 1.5, 5, 15, 50, 150, 500, 1500 and 5000 µg/plate.
Experiment 2: 50, 150, 500, 1500 and 5000 µg/plate.
Vehicle / solvent:
Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: Acetone
Justification for choice of solvent/vehicle: The test material was initially noted to be insoluble in sterile distilled water, dimethyl sulphoxide, dimethyl formamide and acetonitrile at 50 mg/mL and acetone at 100 mg/mL but was fully soluble in tetrahydrofuran at 200 mg/mL. However, the test material in tetrahydrofuran could not be adequately dosed because the formulation immediately solidified during the pipetting stage. Therefore, the most suitable suspension was selected. The test material formed the best doseable suspension in acetone, therefore, this solvent was selected as the vehicle.
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Remarks:
ENNG: 2µg/plate for WP2uvrA, 3µg/plate for TA100, 5µg/plate for TA1535; 9AA: 80µg/plate for TA1537; 4NQO: 0.2µg/plate for TA98.
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
Remarks:
Acetone
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Remarks:
2AA: 1µg/plate for TA100, 2µg/plate for TA1535 and TA1537, 10µg/plate for WP2uvrA; BP: 5µg/plate for TA98.
Positive control substance:
benzo(a)pyrene
other: 2-Aminoanthracene (2AA)
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
METHOD OF APPLICATION:
Acetone is toxic to the bacterial cells at 100µl after employing the pre-incubation modification, therefore all of the formulation for Experiment 2 were prepared at concentrations two times greater than required on Vogel-Bonner agar plates. To compensate, each formulation was dosed using 0.05 mL (50µL) aliquots.
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity, but tested up to precipitating concentrations
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not applicable
True negative controls validity:
not applicable
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity, but tested up to precipitating concentrations
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not applicable
True negative controls validity:
not applicable
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity, but tested up to precipitating concentrations
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not applicable
True negative controls validity:
not applicable
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 98
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity, but tested up to precipitating concentrations
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not applicable
True negative controls validity:
not applicable
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1537
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity, but tested up to precipitating concentrations
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not applicable
True negative controls validity:
not applicable
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.
Conclusions:
The test material was considered to be non-mutagenic under the conditions of the study.
Executive summary:

In an OECD 471 study, conducted according to GLP, the test material is non-mutagenic (negative) to Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli bacterial strains.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (negative)

Additional information

Justification for classification or non-classification

In vitro testing conducted on the registered substance returned negative results, with and without metabolic activation. According to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on the classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP), the registered substance does not meet the criteria for classification.