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Physical & Chemical properties

Water solubility

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Endpoint:
water solubility
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
EPI Suite v4.11 Estimation Programs Interface Suite™ for Microsoft® Windows v 4.11. US EPA, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA.

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
WSKOWWIN v1.42

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Overall remarks, attachments" section.

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: EPI Suite v4.11
- Model(s) used: WSKOWWIN v1.42
The water solubility of organic compounds is estimated starting from the log octanol-water partition coefficient (log Kow). 12 compound classes are identified, associated to correction factors, and used in a multi-linear regression including log Kow and melting point and/or molecular weight. The water solubility is then estimated with one of two possible equations. For more information see ‘attached justification’ and/or 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
The datasets used for the model development (1450 molecules) and for the external validation (85 and 817 molecules) are described in the field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Water solubility:
0.36 mg/L
Temp.:
25 °C
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on pH

Log Kow used by Water solubility estimates: 5.78 (calculated)

Melting point was not used as descriptor. The appropriate equation was used.

Log S (mol/L) = 0.796 - 0.854 log Kow - 0.00728 MW + Correction

No applicable correction factors.

Endpoint:
water solubility
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
EPI Suite v4.11 Estimation Programs Interface Suite™ for Microsoft® Windows v 4.11. US EPA, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA.

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
WATERNT v1.01

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Overall remarks, attachments" section.

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: EPI Suite v4.11
- Model(s) used: WATERNT v1.01
The water solubility of organic compounds is estimated using a "fragment constant" methodology. The structure is divided into fragments and coefficient values of each fragment or group are summed together to yield the solubility estimate. For more information see ‘attached justification’ and/or 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
The datasets used for the model development (1128 molecules) and for the external validation (4636 molecules) are described in the field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Water solubility:
0.43 mg/L
Temp.:
25 °C
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on pH available

Type

Num

Water solubility fragment description

Coeff

Value

Frag

2

-CH3 [aliphatic carbon]

-0.3213

-0.6425

Frag

11

-CH2 [aliphatic carbon]

-0.5370

-5.9072

Frag

1

-C(=O)O [ester, aliphatic attach]

0.5757

0.5757

Const

 

Equation constant

 

0.2492

Description of key information

0.36 - 0.43 mg/L (QSAR, EPI Suite v4.11, WSKOWWIN v1.42, WATERTNT v1.01)

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

The substance fits into the applicability domain of the model. The prediction is valid and it is considered adequate for the regulatory purpose under REACh regulation (EC) No 1907/2006.