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Physical & Chemical properties

Melting point / freezing point

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melting point/freezing point
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
15 April - 15 May 2014
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Justification for type of information:
The study was conducted according to an internationally recognised method, and under GLP. Restrictions apply considering that the melting of the substance is difficult to observed and a piece of thin wire was used in order to detect melting. Otherwise, the substance is considered to be adequately characterised. Therefore validation with restrictions applies.
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 102 (Melting point / Melting Range)
Version / remarks:
dated 27. July 1995
according to guideline
EU Method A.1 (Melting / Freezing Temperature)
Version / remarks:
dated 31. May 2008
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Not applicable
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
inspected on 29 and 30 November 2010 / signed on 11 April 2011
Type of method:
capillary method
Key result
Melting / freezing pt.:
>= 16.4 - <= 36.8 °C

In the pre-test, the test item was considered as solid at 5°C, - 20 °C and - 80 °C.


Table 4.2/1: Pre-Test

Room Temperature

5 °C

- 20 °C

- 80 °C

almost solid


solid and turbid



The following values were recorded during the Main test:


Table 4.2/2: Main Study

Melting point/range



First Determination

16.3 °C (289.5 K)

36.7 °C (309.9 K)

Second Determination

16.4 °C (289.6 K)

36.8 °C (310.0 K)

The means between both determinations give the following values for the melting range:

Melting range: 16.4 °C to 36.8 °C (289.6 K to 310.0 K)

Standard deviation: 0.1 (begin); 0.1 (end)

Estimated accuracy: ± 0.1 °C



All validity criteria were met, as can be taken from the following table.


Table 4.2/3: Validity






Difference between duplicate determinations

≤ 0.5 K

0.1 K


Difference between begin and end of melting


≤ 0.5 K

20.4 K

melting range

is stated


The validity criterion “difference between duplicate determinations” was met. The test item showed a melting range, no melting point. As the test item is a mixture, this can be considered normal.

No observations were made which might cause doubts on the validity of the study outcome. Therefore, the result of the study is considered valid.

The melting range of test substance was determined to be (16.4 °C - 36.8 °C) (289.6 K to 310.0 K).
Executive summary:

The melting point of the test substance was determined under GLP according to EU Method A.1 and OECD 102, using the capillary method.

A preliminary test indicated that the substance is solid at 5°C, -20°C and -80°C.

Then, the main test was carried out in duplicate.

Considering the nature of the substance, a sharp transition from liquid to solid was not anticipated. Therefore, a short piece of thin wire was used to detect melting.Thetemperature, at which the wire started to sink in the liquefying test item was recorded as begin of melting process. The end of melting process was recorded when the wire had fully moved into the test item.

The results were within accuracy limits of the method but a difference was observed between beginning and ending of melting process. Finally mean values of the two independant determinations were used to determine a melting range of this natural complex substance.

No indication of decomposition was recorded.

Description of key information

The melting range of the test item was determined to be (16.4°C - 36.8 °C) (289.6 K - 310.0 K).

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

A reliable GLP experimental study, conducted according to a recognized OECD/EC guidelines using capillary method, is available and is considered as a key study.

Note that considering the complex nature of the substance,no sharp melting point could be determined experimentally. Therefore, the result is expressed as a melting range and no single key value can be retained for purpose of CSA.