REACH regulation aims to improve the protection of human health and the environment from the risks that can be posed by chemicals.
The CLP Regulation ensures that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union through classification and labelling of chemicals.
BPR regulation aims to improve the functioning of the biocidal products market in the EU, while ensuring a high level of protection for humans and the environment.
approval of active substances
Authorisation of biocidal products
Guidance and IT-tools
The Prior Informed Consent Regulation administers the import and export of certain hazardous chemicals and places obligations on companies who wish to export these chemicals to non-EU countries.
lists of Chemicals subject to pic
Occupational exposure limit (OEL) values are derived within two legal frameworks that form an integral part of the EU’s mechanism for protecting the health of workers.
The Waste Framework Directive aims to protect the environment and human health from the generation and management of waste and to improve efficient use of resources.
The POPs Regulation bans or severely restricts the production and use of persistent organic pollutants in the European Union.
The revised Drinking Water Directive aims to protect citizens and the environment from the harmful effects of contaminated drinking water and to improve access to drinking water.
ECHA organises consultations to get feedback from all interested parties and to gather the widest possible range of scientific information for the regulatory processes
This is unique source of information on the chemicals manufactured and imported in Europe. It covers their hazardous properties, classification and labelling, and information on how to use them safely.
opinions and agreements
The Support section provides tools and practical guidance to companies which have responsibilities under the EU chemicals legislation.
REACH registered substance data was upgraded on 9th November. The per substance REACH registration status is being calculated and will be made available as soon as possible.
We apologise for the inconvenience in the meantime.
The ‘Substance identity’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the best available substance name, EC number, CAS number and/or the molecular and structural formulas.
Some substance identifiers may have been claimed confidential, or may not have been provided, and therefore not be displayed.
The EC Number is the numerical identifier for substances in the EC Inventory. The EC Inventory is a combination of three independent European lists of substances from the previous EU chemicals regulatory frameworks (EINECS, ELINCS and the NLP-list). More information about the EC Inventory can be found here.
If the substance was not covered by the EC Inventory, ECHA attributes a list number in the same format, starting with the numbers 6, 7, 8 or 9.
The EC or list number is the primary substance identifier used by ECHA.
The CAS number is the substance numerical identifier assigned by the Chemical Abstracts Service, a division of the American Chemical Society, to substances registered in the CAS registry database. A substance identified primarily by an EC or list number may be linked with more than one CAS number, or with CAS numbers that have been deleted. More information about CAS and the CAS registry can be found here.
The molecular formula identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of each element found in one discrete molecule of the substance. This information is only displayed if the substance is well–defined, its identity is not claimed confidential and there is sufficient information available in ECHA’s databases for ECHA’s algorithms to generate a molecular structure.
The molecular structure is based on structures generated from information available in ECHA’s databases. If generated, an InChI string will also be generated and made available for searching. This information is only displayed if the substance is well-defined, its identity is not claimed confidential and there is sufficient information available in ECHA’s databases for ECHA’s algorithms to generate a molecular structure.
More help available here.
EC / List no.: 231-634-8
CAS no.: 7664-39-3
Mol. formula: FH
The ‘Hazard classification and labelling’ section shows the hazards of a substance based on the standardised system of statements and pictograms established under the CLP (Classification Labelling and Packaging) Regulation. The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union. The CLP Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS) and European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH).
This section is based on three sources for information (harmonised classification and labelling (CLH), REACH registrations and CLP notifications). The source of the information is mentioned in the introductory sentence of the hazard statements. When information is available in all sources, the first two are displayed as a priority.
The purpose of the information provided under this section is to highlight the substance hazardousness in a readable format. It does not represent a new labelling, classification or hazard statement, neither reflect other factors that affect the susceptibility of the effects described, such as duration of exposure or substance concentration (e.g. in case of consumer and professional uses). Other relevant information includes the following:
To see the full list of notified classifications and to get more information on impurities and additives relevant to classification please consult the C&L Inventory.
More information about Classification and Labelling is available in the Regulations section of ECHA website.
Harmonised classification and labelling is a legally binding classification and labelling for a substance, agreed at European Community level. Harmonisation is based on the substance’s physical, toxicological and eco-toxicological hazard assessment.
The ‘Hazard classification’ and labelling section uses the signal word, pictogram(s) and hazard statements of the substance under the harmonised classification and labelling (CLH) as its primary source of information.
If the substance is covered by more than one CLH entry (e.g. disodium tetraborate EC no. 215–540–4, is covered by three harmonisations: 005–011–00–4; 005–011–01–1 and 005–011–02–9), CLH information cannot be displayed in the InfoCard as the difference between the CLH classifications requires manual interpretation or verification. If a substance is classified under multiple CLH entries, a link to the C&L Inventory is provided to allow users to view CLH information associated with the substance and no text is automatically generated for the InfoCard.
It is possible that a harmonisation is introduced through an amendment to the CLP Regulation. In that case, the ATP (Adaptation to Technical Progress) number is displayed.
More info on CLH can be found here.
If available, additional information on classification and labelling (C&L) is derived from REACH registration dossiers submitted by industry. This information has not been reviewed or verified by ECHA, and may change without prior notice. REACH registration dossiers have greater data requirements (such as supporting studies) than do notifications under CLP.
If no EU harmonised classification and labelling exists and the substance was not registered under REACH, information derived from classification and labelling (C&L) notifications to ECHA under CLP Regulation is displayed under this section. These notifications can be provided by manufacturers, importers and downstream users. ECHA maintains the C&L Inventory, but does not review or verify the accuracy of the information.
Note that for readability purposes, only the pictograms, signal words and hazard statements referred in more than 5% of the notifications under CLP are displayed.
Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance is fatal if swallowed, is fatal in contact with skin, is fatal if inhaled and causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
This substance is covered by several Harmonised Classifications and Labelling's (CLH) entries approved by the European Union. Differentiating between the different CLH's entries requires manual verification. To know more about the CLH please visit the C&L Inventory.
This section provides an overview of the calculated volume at which the substance is manufactured or imported to the European Economic Area (EU28 + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway). Additionally, if available, information on the use of the substance and how consumers and workers are likely to be exposed to it can also be displayed here.
The use information is displayed per substance life cycle stage (consumer use, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites or in manufacturing). The information is aggregated from the data coming from REACH substance registrations provided by industry.
For a detailed overview on identified uses and environmental releases, please consult the registered substance factsheet.
Use descriptors are adapted from ECHA guidance to improve readability and may not correspond textually to descriptor codes described in Chapter R.12: Use Descriptor system of ECHA Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment.
The examples provided are generic examples and may not apply to the specific substance you are viewing. A substance may have its use restricted to certain articles or products and therefore not all the examples may apply to the specific substance. Furthermore, some substances can be found in an article, but with unlikely exposure (e.g. inside a watch) or with very low concentrations considered not to pose risks to human health or the environment.
For readability purpose, only non-confidential use descriptors occurring in more than 5% of total occurrences are displayed.
The described Product category (i.e. the products in which the substance may be used) may refer to uses as intermediate and under controlled conditions, for which there is no consumer exposure.
More help is available here.
This substance has not been registered under the REACH Regulation, therefore as yet ECHA has not received any data about this substance from registration dossiers.
This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.
ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used. ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting) and of articles where the substances are not intended to be released and where the conditions of use do not promote release. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)) and indoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. release from fabrics, textiles during washing, removal of indoor paints). This substance can be found in products with material based on: stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic used for large surface area articles (e.g. construction and building materials for floor coverings, isolation articles), stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic used for toys and other articles intended for children’s use, stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic used for packaging (excluding food packaging), stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic used for articles intended for food contact (e.g. dinner ware, drinking glasses, pots, pans, food storage containers), stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic used for furniture & furnishings, metal used for large surface area articles (e.g. construction and building materials used for roof sheets, pipes), metal used for toys and other articles intended for children’s use, metal used for packaging (excluding food packaging), metal used for articles intended for food contact (e.g. packaging containers, metal tins, knifes, cooking pots) and metal used for furniture & furnishings (e.g. outdoor furniture, benches, tables).
This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, metal surface treatment products, non-metal-surface treatment products, semiconductors and washing & cleaning products. This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).
This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, semiconductors, metal surface treatment products, non-metal-surface treatment products and washing & cleaning products. Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.
This substance is used in the following products: metal surface treatment products, washing & cleaning products, non-metal-surface treatment products, extraction agents, pH regulators and water treatment products and laboratory chemicals. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates). This substance is used in the following areas: mining. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, metals and fabricated metal products. Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as processing aid, in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in the production of articles and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.
This section provides links to the list of precautions (precautionary statements) and to the guidance on safe use, if they have been provided in REACH registration dossiers.
Please note: Precautionary measures and guidance on safe use concern the use and handling of the specific substance as such, not of the presence of the substance in other articles or mixtures. The precautionary measures and guidance on safe use are as submitted to ECHA by registrants under the REACH Regulation. Information on precautionary measures and the safe use is submitted by the registrant of a substance and the registrant is solely responsible for its accuracy and completeness.
The InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data of a substance held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). InfoCards are generated automatically based on the data available at the time of generation.
The quality and correctness of the information submitted to ECHA remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The type of uses and classifications may vary between different submissions to ECHA and for a full understanding it is recommended to consult the source data. Information on applicable regulatory frameworks is also automatically generated and may not be complete or up to date. It is the responsibility of the substance manufacturers and importers to consult official publications, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
InfoCards are updated when new information is available. The date of the last update corresponds to the publication date of the InfoCard and not necessarily to the date in which the update occurred in the source data.
Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. This substance has been found in the following regulatory activities (directly, or inheriting the regulatory context of a parent substance):
This list represents a calculated inventory of substances based on the list of harmonized substances contained in Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC). Note that this list is not exhaustive. While the harmonized list covers many hazardous substances, other ones not listed may also meet the classification criteria in accordance with the CLP.
This list contains substances which are banned from use in any cosmetic products marketed for sale or use in the European Union.
This database contains: (1) the list of hazardous substances harmonized for classification and labeling in EU (i.e. Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP Regulation); and (2) the Candidate List of substances of very high concern (SVHC). The EU Ecolabel may not be awarded to substances or mixtures classified as such. Note that this list is not exhaustive. While the harmonized list covers many hazardous substances, other ones not listed may also meet the classification criteria in accordance with the CLP.
This database contains emission limit values for polluting substances in waste gases and waste water, assigned according to facility type (i.e., combustion plants (Annex V), waste incineration/co-incineration plants (Annex VI), and installations producing titanium dioxide (Annex VIII)), under Directive 2010/75/EU on Industrial Emissions (Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control - IPPC).
This database contains the ADR's Dangerous Goods List, as implemented by the EU's Directive 2008/68/EC. This Directive establishes rules for the safe transport of dangerous goods between EU countries by road, rail, and waterway. It applies the European Agreements on the international transport of dangerous goods by road (ADR) and inland waterways (ADN), and the Regulations concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by rail (RID).
This database contains the RID's Dangerous Goods List, as implemented by the EU's Directive 2008/68/EC. This Directive establishes rules for the safe transport of dangerous goods between EU countries by road, rail, and waterway. It applies the European Agreements on the international transport of dangerous goods by road (ADR) and inland waterways (ADN), and the Regulations concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by rail (RID).
This database contains the ADN's Dangerous Goods List, as implemented by the EU's Directive 2008/68/EC. This Directive establishes rules for the safe transport of dangerous goods between EU countries by road, rail, and waterway. It applies the European Agreements on the international transport of dangerous goods by road (ADR) and inland waterways (ADN), and the Regulations concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by rail (RID).
The list is based on Council Directive 98/24/EC. Member States are mandated to establish national occupational exposure limit values (OELVs) for the substances listed in the Annex, taking into account the Community values. The Directive establishes values for a reference period of eight-hours time weighted average and also for a short term period of 15 minutes for 58 substances.
This list contains biological and chemical agents, in accordance with Art. 7 and points 2 and 3 of the Annex to Directive 94/33/EC, to which young persons (under 18 years of age) may not be exposed at the workplace. The database represents a non-exhaustive list of such substances based on: 1) agents of risk groups 3 and 4 under Directive 2000/54/EC; 2) Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation; 3) and Annex I of Directive 2004/37/EC.
This directive requires employers to ensure proper signage is posted in areas where hazards cannot be avoided or reduced. The annexes to this directive provide detailed information about the minimum requirements for all safety and health signs. According to the annexes to the directive, storage areas and containers containing chemical substances or mixtures that are classified as hazardous according to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC) must be marked and/or labeled.
This database contains substances that have been assigned hazard property (HP) waste codes 1-15, as defined in terms of the hazard class & category, hazard (H) statement, and/or concentration limits provided in Annex III of the Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC). The classifications of the substances listed in the database are based on their harmonized classifications per Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC).
European Chemicals Agency
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