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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP guideline study

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
according to guideline
EU Method B.13/14 (Mutagenicity - Reverse Mutation Test Using Bacteria)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
EC Number:
EC Name:
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:
hydrogen tetrabutylphosphanium difluoride
Details on test material:
Clear colorless aqueos liquid; molecular weight: 298.4; no data on purity


Species / strain
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium, other: TA 98, TA 100, TA 102, TA 1535, TA 1537
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
not applicable
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
Aroclor 1254 induced male rat liver S9 mix
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
0, 50, 158, 500, 1581, 5000 µg/plate (without and with S9 mix)
Vehicle / solvent:
Solvents used: deionized water (test substance, mitomycin C), DMSO (sodium azide, nitrofurantoin, 4-nitro-1,2-phenylene diamine, cumene hydroperoxide, 2-aminoanthracene)
Untreated negative controls:
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
True negative controls:
Positive controls:
Positive control substance:
other: sodium azide, nitrofurantoin, 4-nitro-1,2-phenylene diamine, mitomycin C, cumene hydroperoxide (only used without S9 mix) and 2-aminoanthracene (only used with S9 mix)
Evaluation criteria:
A reproducible and dose-related increase in mutant counts of at least one strain is considered to be a positive result. For TA 1535, TA 100 and TA 98 this increase should be about twice that of negative controls, whereas for TA 1537, at least a threefold increase should be reached. For TA 102 an increase of about 100 mutants should be reached. Otherwise, the result is evaluated as negative. However, these guidelines may be overruled by good scientific judgment. In case of questionable results, investigations should continue, possibly with modifications, until a final evaluation is possible.
Not specified.

Results and discussion

Test results
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium, other: TA 98, TA 100, TA 102, TA 1535, TA 1537
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
other: only weak, strain-specific bacteriotoxic effect at 1581 and 5000 µg/plate
Vehicle controls validity:
Untreated negative controls validity:
not examined
Positive controls validity:
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Migrated from field 'Test system'.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Tetrabutylphosphoniumhydrogendifluorid was initially investigated using the Salmonella/ microsome plate incorporation test for point mutagenic effects in doses of up to and including 5000 µg per plate on five Salmonella typhimurium LT2 mutants. These comprised the histidine-auxotrophic strains TA 1535, TA 100, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 102. The independent repeat was performed as preincubation for 20 minutes at 37°C. Other conditions remained unchanged. Doses up to and including 500 µg per plate did not cause any bacteriotoxic effects. Total bacteria counts remained unchanged and no inhibition of growth was observed. At higher doses, the substance had only a weak, strain-specific bacteriotoxic effect. Due to the weakness of this effect this range could nevertheless be used for assessment purposes. Substance precipitation occurred at the dose 5000 µg per plate. Evidence of mutagenic activity of Tetrabutylphosphoniumhydrogendifluorid was not seen. No biologically relevant increase in the mutant count, in comparison with the negative controls, was observed. The positive controls sodium azide, nitrofurantoin, 4-nitro-1,2-phenylene diamine, mitomycin C, curnene hydroperoxide and 2-aminoanthracene had a marked mutagenic effect, as was seen by a biologically relevant increase in mutant colonies compared to the corresponding negative controls. Therefore, Tetrabutylphosphoniumhydrogendifluorid was considered to be non-mutagenic without and with S9 mix in the plate incorporation as well as in the preincubation modification of the Salmonella/microsome test.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results (migrated information):
Executive summary:

Tetrabutylphosphoniumhydrogendifluorid showed no mutagenic activity in the Ames test with the S. typhimurium strains TA 98, TA 100, TA 102, TA 1535 and TA 1537 in the absence and in the presence of a metabolic activation system.