Registration Dossier

Environmental fate & pathways

Monitoring data

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
monitoring data
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across based on grouping of substances (category approach)
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
publication
Title:
National Occupational Exposure Survey conducted from 1981-1983.
Author:
NIOSH; NOES.
Year:
1983
Bibliographic source:
Estimated numbers of employees potentially exposed to specific agents by 2-digit standard industrial classification (SIC).

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
no guideline followed
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Monitoring is carried out for CS2, which is considered to be the major hazard during manufacture, storage and use of xanthates.
Xanthates in the presence of heat/moisture decompose and under the conditions of storage and use the major decomposition product is carbon disulphide.
GLP compliance:
not specified
Type of measurement:
concentration at contaminated site
Media:
drinking water

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
Monitoring is carried out for CS2, which is considered to be the major hazard during manufacture, storage and use of xanthates.
Xanthates in the presence of heat/moisture decompose and under the conditions of storage and use the major decomposition product is carbon disulphide.

Results and discussion

Concentration
Country:
United States (the)
Location:
Lake Tahoe, CA, Pomona, CA, and Orange County, CA
Substance or metabolite:
substance
Details on results:
NIOSH (NOES Survey 1981-1983) has statistically estimated that 45,760 workers (5,834 of these are female) are potentially exposed to carbon disulfide in the US(1). Occupational exposure to carbon disulfide may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplaces where carbon disulfide is produced or used(SRC). Monitoring data indicate that the general population may be exposed to carbon disulfide via inhalation of ambient air, ingestion of fruits and vegetables and other food products containing carbon disulfide(SRC).

Any other information on results incl. tables

National Occupational Exposure Survey
(1981 - 1983)

Estimated Numbers of Employees Potentially Exposed to Specific Agents by 2-Digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)*

Agent Name

CARBON DISULFIDE

CAS #

75-15-0

RTECS #

FF6650000

Agent Code

17370

 

SIC

Industry Description (1972)

Total # Employees
(Male & Female)

Total # Female
Employees

26

PAPER AND ALLIED PRODUCTS

11

 

28

CHEMICALS AND ALLIED PRODUCTS

13,403

2,381

29

PETROLEUM AND COAL PRODUCTS

13,839

105

30

RUBBER AND MISC. PLASTICS PRODUCTS

6,820

722

32

STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS

24

 

35

MACHINERY, EXCEPT ELECTRICAL

41

21

36

ELECTRIC AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT

192

120

37

TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT

1,293

835

73

BUSINESS SERVICES

8,495

1,485

84

MUSEUMS, BOTANICAL, ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS

1,643

164

TOTAL

45,760

5,834

*(1) By survey design, not all 2-digit SICs were surveyed. (2) The estimates for each 2-digit SIC apply only to the 3- and 4-digit SICs surveyed within the 2-digit SIC. Not all SICs were surveyed. (3) When using the estimates, standard errors associated with estimates should be considered. (4) Potential exposures to a chemical agent are categorized as actual (i.e., the surveyor observed the use of the specific agent) or tradename (i.e., the surveyor observed the use of a tradename product known to contain the specific agent). The estimates presented in the table combine both categories.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
NIOSH (NOES Survey 1981-1983) has statistically estimated that 45,760 workers (5,834 of these are female) are potentially exposed to carbon disulfide in the US(1). Occupational exposure to carbon disulfide may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplaces where carbon disulfide is produced or used(SRC). Monitoring data indicate that the general population may be exposed to carbon disulfide via inhalation of ambient air, ingestion of fruits and vegetables and other food products containing carbon disulfide(SRC).
Executive summary:

NIOSH (NOES Survey 1981-1983) has statistically estimated that 45,760 workers (5,834 of these are female) are potentially exposed to carbon disulfide in the US(1). Occupational exposure to carbon disulfide may occur through inhalation and dermal contact with this compound at workplaces where carbon disulfide is produced or used(SRC). Monitoring data indicate that the general population may be exposed to carbon disulfide via inhalation of ambient air, ingestion of fruits and vegetables and other food products containing carbon disulfide(SRC).