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Administrative data

First-aid measures

General advice
Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash/Decontaminate removed clothing before reuse. First aider needs to protect himself.

Inhalation
Remove from exposure, lie down. Keep at rest. Aerate with fresh air. Symptoms of poisoning may develop many hours after exposure. Call a physician immediately.

Eyes
Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Remove contact lenses. Immediate medical attention is required.

Skin
Wash off with 3% acetic acid followed by large amounts of plain water for at least 5 min as a final step. Immediate medical treatment is necessary as untreated wounds from corrosion of the skin heal slowly and with difficulty.

Ingestion
Call a physician immediately. Do not induce vomiting without medical advice.

Main symptoms
shortness of breath, gastrointestinal discomfort, convulsions, cough, hypertensive effect.

Special hazard
Lung oedema, Lung irritation, Stomach perforation.

Notes to physician
Treat as an alkaline substance (similar to ammonia). If ingested, irrigate the stomach. Treat skin and mucous membranes with antihistamine and corticoids. In case of lung irritation, first treatment with cortisone spray. Symptoms may be delayed. Later control for pneumonia and lung oedema.

Fire-fighting measures

Suitable extinguishing media
carbon dioxide (CO2), alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical, water spray

Extinguishing media which must not be used for safety reasons
Do not use a solid water stream as it may scatter and spread fire.

Special exposure hazards arising from the substance or preparation itself, its combustion products, or released gases
Under conditions giving incomplete combustion, hazardous gases produced may consist of:
carbon monoxide (CO)
carbon dioxide (CO2)
nitrogen oxides (NOx)
Combustion gases of organic materials must in principle be graded as inhalation poisons
Vapour is heavier than air and can travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flashback
Vapours may form explosive mixtures with air

Special protective equipment for fire-fighters
Fire fighter protection should include a self-contained breathing apparatus (NIOSH-approved or EN 133) and full fire-fighting turn out gear.

Precautions for fire-fighting
Cool containers / tanks with water spray. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. Water run-off and vapor cloud may be corrosive. Water run-off can cause environmental damage. Keep people away from and upwind of fire.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid breathing vapors or mists. Ensure adequate ventilation, especially in confined areas. Keep people away from and upwind of spill/leak. Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.
For emergency responders: Personal protection see section 8.

Environmental precautions
Prevent further leakage or spillage. Do not discharge product into the aquatic environment without pretreatment (biological treatment plant). Water runoff can cause environmental damage.

Methods for containment
Stop the flow of material, if possible without risk. Dike spilled material, where this is possible.

Methods for cleaning up
Soak up with inert absorbent material. DO NOT use combustible materials such as sawdust. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal. If liquid has been spilt in large quantities clean up promptly by scoop or vacuum. Dispose of in accordance with local regulations. Take necessary action to avoid static electricity discharge (which might cause ignition of organic vapours).

Handling and storage

Handling
Advice on safe handling
Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Do not breathe vapours or spray mist. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling the product. Provide sufficient air exchange and/or exhaust in work rooms. Refill and handle product only in closed system.

Advice on protection against fire and explosion
Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking. Take necessary action to avoid static electricity discharge (which might cause ignition of organic vapours). Ground and bond containers when transferring material. In case of fire, emergency cooling with water spray should be available. Vapour is heavier than air and can travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flashback. Vapours may form explosive mixture with air.

Advice on the protection of the environment
See Section 8: Environmental exposure controls.

Storage
Technical measures/Storage conditions
Keep containers tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place. Handle and open container with care. Handle under nitrogen, protect from moisture.

Advice on common storage
Incompatible products:
strong acids
strong oxidizing agents

Transport information

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Marine transport (IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Occupational exposure controls


Engineering measures
General or dilution ventilation is frequently insufficient as the sole means of controlling employee exposure. Local ventilation is usually preferred. Explosion-proof equipment (for example fans, switches, and grounded ducts) should be used in mechanical ventilation systems.

Personal protective equipment

General industrial hygiene practice
Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Do not breathe vapours or spray mist. Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are close to the workstation location.

Hygiene measures
When using, do not eat, drink or smoke. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling the product. Take off all contaminated clothing immediately.

Respiratory protection
self-contained breathing apparatus (EN 133). Equipment should conform to EN 136 or EN 140 and EN 143.

Hand protection
Wear protective gloves. Recommendations are listed below. Other protective material may be used, depending on the situation, if adequate degradation and permeation data is available. If other chemicals are used in conjunction with this chemical, material selection should be based on protection for all chemicals present.

Suitable material butyl-rubber
Evaluation according to EN 374: level 3
Glove thickness approx 0,3 mm
Break through time approx 50 min

Suitable material
polyvinylchloride
Evaluation Information derived from practical experience
Glove thickness approx 0,8 mm


Eye protection
Tightly fitting safety goggles. In addition to goggles, wear a face shield if there is a reasonable chance for splash to the face. Equipment should conform to EN 166.

Skin and body protection
Impervious clothing. Wear face-shield and protective suit for abnormal processing problems.

Environmental exposure controls
Use product only in closed system. If leakage can not be prevented, the substance needs to be suck off at the emersion point, if possible without danger. Observe the exposure limits, clean exhaust air if needed. If recycling is not practicable, dispose of in compliance with local regulations. Inform the responsible authorities in case of leakage into the atmosphere, or of entry into waterways, soil or drains.

Stability and reactivity

Stability
Stable under normal conditions of handling, use and transportation.

Hazardous reactions
Vapours may form explosive mixture with air.

Conditions to avoid
Avoid any source of ignition. Avoid contact with heat, sparks, open flame, and static discharge.

Materials to avoid
strong acids, strong oxidizing agents.

Hazardous decomposition products
No decomposition if stored and applied as directed. If heated to thermal decomposition the following decomposition products may occur depending on the conditions. carbon dioxide (CO2). carbon monoxide (CO). nitrogen oxides (NOx). cyanides. nitric acid. nitriles.

Disposal considerations

Product Information
Disposal required in compliance with all waste management related state and local regulations. The choice of the appropriate method of disposal depends on the product composition by the time of disposal as well as the local statutes and possibilities for disposal. Hazardous waste according to European Waste Catalogue (EWC).

Uncleaned empty packaging
Contaminated packaging should be emptied as far as possible and after appropriate cleansing may be taken for reuse.