Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin sensitisation

Endpoint conclusion
Additional information:

Annex XI of Regulation 1907/2006 and the REACH Guidance (R 6.2) permits the grouping of chemicals (chemicals categorisation).Barratt and Illing (2007, revised 2009a; 2009b, see attachmentsin section 13 of IUCLID data set) set out justification for an initial grouping of the polyols (oligomers and polymers) using a named core substance, with varying numbers of attached propoxy groups (or propoxy and ethoxy groups). The properties of the core substance and the repeating unit should be reflected in the polyols. The repeating unit is essentially non-toxic. If there are toxic properties associated with a core substance, these properties should reduce with increasing numbers of repeating units (i.e. increasing molecular weight).If both the core substance and the repeating unit are non-toxic, it can be anticipated that there will be no toxicity in the polyol.

 

A second round of grouping was based on allocation of the NLP polyols formed from different named core substances to one of two categories. The first group was those NLP polyols linked to the core substance by an ether linkage (category 1) and the second group (category 2) was those linked by a secondary/tertiary amine linkage.

Category 1 consists of:

·        Sucrose, propoxylated, >1-16.5 moles propoxylated

·        propylidyne trimethanol, propoxylated, >1-6.5 moles propoxylated

·        Glycerin, propoxylated, >1-6.5 moles propoxylated

·        Propan-1,2-diol, propoxylated, >1-4.5 moles propoxylated

·        Pentaerythritol, propoxylated, >1-8.5 mol propoxylated.

·        Nitrilotriethanol, propoxylated, 1-6.5 moles propoxylated.

For details see attached documents ‘Grouping of NLP Polyols and their toxicokinetics assessments’ (Barratt and Illing (2007, revised 2009a) and PROPOSALS FOR FURTHER TESTING FOR THE NLP ‘POLYOLS’ (2009b) in section 13 of IUCLID data set.

The registered substance is a complex substance (UVCB) which can be regarded as a mixture of Sucrose, PO and Glycerin, PO, two members of the grouping "NLP polyols linked to the core substance by an ether linkage" (= category 1). As, in all cases, the ether linked NLP polyols are non-toxic, it is anticipated that any mixture of them or any co-initiated polyol formed using a mixture of initiators will have a similar lack of toxicity. Thus the hazard profile for the multicomponent substance can be sufficiently described by the information of the individual constituents and it is unnecessary to test this co-initiated polyol.

The physico-chemical properties of these source substances and the target substance are very similar as displayed in Table 1.

Table 1: Comparison of physico-chemical properties of source substances with target substance

 

 

Source Substances

Target Substance

 

Glycerin + PO

Sucrose + PO

Glycerin + Sucrose + PO

Appearance

liquid

liquid

liquid

Melting point

no MP

no MP

no MP

Boiling point

Decomposition >= 290°C

no BP

Decomposition >= 210°C

Relative density

1.08 (20°C)

1.122 (20°C)

1.132 (20°C)

Partition coefficient

> -1.82 < -0.73

> -3.60 < -3.25

> -0.7 < 1.1

Water solubility

completely miscible

240 g/L (25°C)

completely miscible

Surface tension

53 nM/m (20°C; at 1 mg/L)

54.54 nM/m (20°C; at 1 mg/L)

61.3 nM/m (20°C; at 1 mg/L)
(Glycerol + PO)

Flashpoint

163°C (no information on pressure available)

149.5°C (1003 hPa)

198°C (1013 hPa)

Auto flammability

305°C (1014 ha)

355°C (1000 hPa)

350°C (1008 hPa)

Flammability

no pyrophoric properties
does not emit flammable gases in contact with water

no pyrophoric properties
does not emit flammable gases in contact with water

no pyrophoric properties
does not emit flammable gases in contact with water

Explosiveness

no explosive properties

no explosive properties

no explosive properties

Oxidising properties

no oxidising properties

no oxidising properties

no oxidising properties

Viscosity

560.6 mPa (20°C)

26.63 Pa s (20°C)

21.47 mPa s (20°C)

 

Therefore, in line with Annex XI, 1.2 of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, read-across (many-to-one) was chosen for the registered substance (Polyether Sucrose + Glycerin+ PO) and thus no toxicological study has been performed with registered substance itself.

The model being used to justify read-across (many-to-one) is that the toxicity of the polyether polyol is derived from the core substance (initiator) and the repeating unit. While for propoxylated polyols the repeating unit is probably not classifiable, any toxicological property requiring classification is derived from the core substance. The fact, that the target chemical is formed from core substances (Sucrose and Glycerin) which are the same for two source substances (Sucrose, PO and Glycerin, PO), suggests that there are no major differences between these source substances and the target substance which may affect the toxicological properties. Due to the closeness of the compounds, polyols grouping data (= source substances data) is lead for Polyether Sucrose + Glycerin + PO (= target substance) according to Table 2 (see section 13 of IUCLID data set).

Skin sensitisation - read-across with other polyols linked to the core substance by an ether linkage:

In an LLNA study conducted according to OECD 429, female CBA/Ca mice (five/group) received 0.5%, 5%, or 50% (v/v) Sucrose, PO diluted using 4:1 acetone:olive oil (AOO). Lymph node stimulation indices of less than three (3) were measured for the three test groups relative to AOO vehilce mice. The test substance was considered to be a non-sensitizer under the conditions of the test.

A Buehler study was conductd according to OECD 406. Male and Female Dunkin Hartley guinea pigs (10 males and 10 females) received 0.5 undiluted Glycerin, PO. The test substance is not a skin sensitizer when tested using the Buehler technique.

Migrated from Short description of key information:

Target substance is unlikely to be a skin sensitizer as a result of the read-across from skin sensitisation studies of source substances.

Respiratory sensitisation

Endpoint conclusion
Additional information:

Migrated from Short description of key information:

No data available.

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the results of the available skin sensitisation studies with members of the grouping "Polyols linked to the core substance by an ether linkage", classification of skin sensitisation is not warranted for the target substance according to Directive 67/548/EEC and EU Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP)Regulation (EC) No.1272/2008.