Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
Oct 2014 - Apr 2015
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2015
Report Date:
2015

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.1200 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: JMAFF Guidelines (2000)
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
fixed dose procedure

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
Rat, Wistar strain, Crl:WI (Han) (outbred, SPF-Quality).
Conditions
Environmental controls for the animal room were set to maintain 18 to 24°C, a relative humidity of 40 to 70%, at least 10 air changes/hour, and a 12-hour light/12-hour dark cycle. Any variations to these conditions were maintained in the raw data and had no effect on the outcome of the study.
Accommodation
Individually housed in labeled Makrolon cages (MIII type, height 18 cm.) containing sterilized sawdust as bedding material (Lignocel S 8-15, JRS - J.Rettenmaier & Söhne GmbH + CO. KG, Rosenberg, Germany) and paper as cage-enrichment (Enviro-dri, Wm. Lillico & Son (Wonham Mill Ltd), Surrey, United Kingdom).
Acclimatization period was at least 5 days before start of treatment under laboratory conditions.
During the acclimatization period the animals were group housed in Makrolon cages (MIV type, height 18 cm).
Diet
Free access to pelleted rodent diet (SM R/M-Z from SSNIFF® Spezialdiäten GmbH, Soest, Germany).
Water
Free access to tap water.
Diet, water, bedding and cage enrichment evaluation for contaminants and/or nutrients was performed according to facility standard procedures. There were no findings that could interfere with the study.

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
not specified
Vehicle:
water
Details on dermal exposure:
One day before exposure (Day -1) an area of approximately 5x7 cm on the back of each animal was clipped.
The formulation was applied on an area of approx. 10% of the total body surface, i.e. approx. 25 cm² for males and 18 cm² for
females. The formulation was held in contact with the skin with a dressing, consisting of a surgical gauze patch (Surgy 1D)*,
successively covered with aluminum foil and Coban elastic bandage*. A piece of Micropore tape* was additionally used for fixation of the bandages in females only.
Duration of exposure:
Single dosage, on Day 1
Doses:
2000 mg/kg (10 mL/kg) body weight
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5 males and 5 females
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
Calcium bis (4-{[ (1S, 3R)-1-(biphenyl-4-ylmethyl)-4-ethoxy-3-methyl-4-oxobutyl]amino}-4-oxobutanoate) was administered to five Wistar rats of each sex by a single dermal application at 2000 mg/kg body weight for 24 hours. Animals were subjected to daily observations and weekly determination of body weight. Macroscopic examination was performed after terminal sacrifice
(Day 15).
The study was carried out based on the guidelines described in:
OECD No.402 (1987) "Acute Dermal Toxicity"
Commission Regulation (EC) No 440/2008, B3: "Acute Toxicity (Dermal)"
EPA, OPPTS 870.1200 (1998), "Acute Dermal Toxicity"
JMAFF Guidelines (2000), including the most recent revisions.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Key result
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No mortality occurred.
Clinical signs:
No clinical signs were noted for the animals.
White staining was seen on the treated skin-area of all animals on Days 2 and/or 3. Additionally,
scales were noted for one animal between Days 4 and 7.
Body weight:
The changes noted in body weight gain in males and females were within the range expected for rats used in this type of study and were therefore considered not indicative of toxicity.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
The dermal LD50 value of Calcium bis (4-{[ (1S, 3R)-1-(biphenyl-4-ylmethyl)-4-ethoxy-3-methyl-4-oxobutyl]amino}-4-oxobutanoate) in Wistar rats was established to exceed 2000 mg/kg body weight.
Based on these results, Calcium bis (4-{[ (1S, 3R)-1-(biphenyl-4-ylmethyl)-4-ethoxy-3-methyl-4-oxobutyl]amino}-4-oxobutanoate) does not have to be classified and has no obligatory labelling requirement for acute dermal toxicity according to the:
- Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) of the United Nations (2011) (including all amendments).