Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Skin irritation:

The dermal irritation potential of target chemical was assessed in various in-vivo experimental studies.Based on the available studies,it can be concluded that the test chemical is unable to cause skin irritation and considered as not irritating. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified''.

Eye irritation

The ocular irritation potential of target chemical was assessed in various in-vivo experimental studies.Based on the available studies,it can be concluded that the test chemical is unable to cause eye irritation and considered as not irritating. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified''.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Justification for type of information:
Data is from experimental study report
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Principles of method if other than guideline:
The objective of the study was to assess the irritant and/or corrosive effects of test chemical after topical application on the intact skin in Rabbits.
GLP compliance:
yes
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source:Procured from RABBI ROOF, Hyderabad
- Age at study initiation:4 to 5 Months (Approximately)
- Weight (Prior to Treatment):Minimum: 2.512 kg and Maximum: 2.652 kg.
- Health Status : Healthy young adults and nulliparous and non-pregnant Rabbits were used for the study.
- Housing:The animals were housed individually in stainless steel cages.
- Room Sanitation:The experimental room floor and work tops were swept and mopped with disinfectant solution every day.
- Cages and water bottle:All the cages and water bottles were changed minimum twice a week.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum):All animals were provided conventional laboratory rabbit diet (Nutrivet Life Sciences, Pune) ad libitum.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum):Aqua guard filtered tap water was provided ad libitum.
- Acclimation period:Rabbits were acclimatised to the test conditions for a period of 5 days (Animal No.-1) and 7 days (Animal No.-2 and 3) prior to the application of the test item.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C):Minimum: 20.00 °C and Maximum: 22.50 °C
- Humidity (%):Minimum: 47.20 % and Maximum: 68.40 %
- Air changes (per hr):More than 12 changes per hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light):12:12

Type of coverage:
occlusive
Preparation of test site:
clipped
Vehicle:
other: distilled water
Controls:
yes
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit):0.5 gm

VEHICLE (distilled water)
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit):0.5 ml of distilled water
- Lot/batch no. (if required):N/A
- Purity:N/A
Duration of treatment / exposure:
4 hours
Observation period:
72 hours
Number of animals:
3 female rabbits
Details on study design:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure:The dorsal lumbar region at contralateral sites.
- % coverage:Approximately 6 X 6 cm.
- Type of wrap if used:A porous gauze dressing and non-irritating tape (Micropore 3”).

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done):The residual test item was removed by using cotton soaked in distilled water.
- Time after start of exposure:4 hour

SCORING SYSTEM:Draize Method
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal: #1 ,#2 and #3
Time point:
other: At 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
no data
Remarks on result:
other: not irritating
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal: #1 ,#2 and #3
Time point:
other: At 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
no data
Remarks on result:
other: not irritating
Irritant / corrosive response data:
The following were observed in treated rabbits.
The patch was removed after 4 hours and rabbits were observed for erythema and oedema at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after patch removal, evaluated and graded as per draize method.

In Animals No.1, 2 and 3 after post patch removal, revealed no erythema and oedema at 24 and 48 and 72 hour during the observation period.

The individual mean score at 24, 48 and 72 hours for Animal Nos. 1, 2 and 3 were 0.00, 0.00, 0.00 and 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, for erythema and oedema formation, respectively.
Other effects:
Clinical Observation
No systemic toxicity was observed at treated rabbits during the experimental period.

Mortality
No mortality was observed during the observation period.

Table 1

Skin Reaction

 

In Treated area Dose:0.5 gm of test item                                                             Sex:Female

 

Animal

No.

Test

Treated

 area*

Erythema score

Oedema score

1h

24h

48h

72h

1h

24h

48h

72h

1

Initial

Left

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

Confirmatory

Right

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

Right

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

  

In Control area                 Dose:0.5 ml of distilled water                              Sex:Female

 

Animal

No.

Test

Treated area*

Erythema score

Oedema score

1h

24h

48h

72h

1h

24h

48h

72h

1

Initial

Right

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

Confirmatory

Left

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

Left

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Key: h = Hour.

Erythema                                                                                                       Oedema

0 =No erythema                                                                                           0 =No oedema


Table 1 Continued…

Mean Individual Animal Score at 24, 48 and 72 hours

 

                     Animal Number                  

Observations                      

1

2

3

Erythema

0.00

0.00

0.00

Oedema

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

  

Table 2

Individual Animal BodyWeight

Sex:Female

Animal

No.

Body Weight (kg)

Prior to Dosing

At termination

1

2.554

2.556

2

2.652

2.720

3

2.512

2.608


Table 3

Individual AnimalClinicalSigns

Sex:Female

Animal

No.

Days (Post dosing Observation)

0

1

2

3

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

3

1

1

1

1

Key: 1 = Normal.


Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Conclusions:
The individual mean score at 24, 48 and 72 hours for Animal Nos. 1, 2 and 3 were 0.00, 0.00, 0.00 and 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, for erythema and oedema formation, respectively.Hence, the test chemical was regarded as non-Irritating to the skin of Female New Zealand White rabbits under the experimental conditions tested and is thus not classified as a skin irritant.
Executive summary:

Acute Dermal Irritation/corrosion Study of test chemical was performed as per OECD guideline No. 404 using three healthy young adult female. The fur of all the rabbits were clipped at contralateral sites, approximately 24 hours prior to treatment. A dose of 0.5 g of test item (moistened with 0.5 ml distilled water) was applied to the skin, over an area of approximately 6 x 6 cm clipped of hair on one side of rabbits. The other untreated side was kept as control area and0.5 ml of distilled water was applied at this site. At the end of 4 hours, the gauze patch was removed and test item application site was wiped with water without altering the integrity of the epidermis. Initially, the test item was applied to the clipped area of skin of one rabbit. The test site was covered with gauze patch. After 4 hours of exposure in animal no. 1, no erythema and no oedema observed at 1, 24 and 48 hour of observation hence a confirmatory test was conducted on additional two rabbits (No. 2 and 3) to confirm the non-irritant nature of the test item.

 

The patch was removed after 4 hours and rabbits were observed for erythema and oedema at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours post patch removal, evaluated and graded as per Draize method. In Animals No.1, 2 and 3 after post patch removal, revealed no erythema and oedema at 24 and 48 and 72 hour during the observation period.

                

The individual mean score at 24, 48 and 72 hours for Animal Nos. 1, 2 and 3 were 0.00, 0.00, 0.00 and 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, for erythema and oedema formation, respectively.Hence, it was concluded that the test chemical was Non-Irritating to the skin of female New Zealand White rabbits under the experimental conditions tested.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Justification for type of information:
Data is from experimental study report
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Principles of method if other than guideline:
The objective of the study was to assess the irritant and/or corrosive effects of test chemical on eye, when exposed by the ocular route in rabbits.
GLP compliance:
yes
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source:Procured from RABBI ROOF, Hyderabad.
- Age at study initiation:4.5 to 5.5 Months (Approximately)
- Weight at study initiation:Minimum: 1.746 kg and Maximum: 2.362 kg (Prior to Treatment)
- Health Status :Healthy young adult, Females were nulliparous and non pregnant.
- Housing:The animals were housed individually in stainless steel cages.
- Room Sanitation:The experimental room floor and work tops were swept and mopped with disinfectant solution every day.
- Cages and water bottle:All the cages and water bottles were changed minimum twice a week.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum):All animals were provided conventional laboratory rabbit diet (Nutrivet Life Sciences, Pune) ad libitum.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum):Aqua guard filtered tap water was provided ad libitum.
- Acclimation period:Rabbits were acclimatised to the test conditions for a period of 6 days (Animal No.-1) and 10 days (Animal No. 2 and 3) prior to the application of the test item.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C):Minimum: 19.50 °C and Maximum: 22.20 °C
- Humidity (%):Minimum: 41.20 % and Maximum: 59.20 %
- Air changes (per hr): More than 12 changes per hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12:12
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
yes
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit):100 mg
- Concentration (if solution):N/A

VEHICLE
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit):N/A
- Concentration (if solution):N/A
- Lot/batch no. (if required):N/A
- Purity:N/A
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 hrs
Observation period (in vivo):
All the animals were observed at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after instillation of test item.
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 female rabbits
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done):The treated eye of rabbit was washed with normal saline.
- Time after start of exposure:24 hours

SCORING SYSTEM:Draize Method

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: Ophthalmoscope and fluorescent strips.
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal: #1,#2 and #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Remarks:
for treated eye and untreated eye
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal: #1,#2 and #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Remarks:
For treated eye and untreated eye
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal: #1,#2 and #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Remarks:
For treated eye and untreated eye
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal: #1,#2 and #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Remarks:
For treated eye and untreated eye
Irritant / corrosive response data:
The following were observed in treated rabbits.
Observation at 1 hour after instillation of test item revealed: Cornea- No ulceration or opacity in all 3 animals; Area of Opacity- Zero in all the animals; Iris: Normal in all the animals. Conjunctivae - Some blood vessels definitely hyperaemic (injected) was observed in Animal no. 2 and 3; Chemosis: No swelling was observed in all the 3 animals.
Observation at 24 hours after instillation of test item revealed: Cornea- No ulceration or opacity in all 3 animals; Area of Opacity- Zero in all the animals; Iris: Normal in all the animals. Conjunctivae - Blood vessels were found to be normal in all the 3 animals; Chemosis: No swelling was observed in all the 3 animals.
At 24 hours observation the rabbits were examined for corneal epithelium cell damage using sodium fluorescein strips and noticed 0 % damage in animal no. 1, 2 and 3.
Observation at 48 and 72 hours after instillation of test item revealed: Cornea- No ulceration or opacity in all the animals; Area of Opacity- Zero in all the animals; Iris: Normal in all the animals. Conjunctivae – Blood vessels were normal in all the animals; Chemosis: No swelling was observed in all the animals.
The individual mean score for animal nos. 1, 2 and 3 at 24, 48, 72 hours for Corneal opacity, iris, conjunctiva and chemosis were found 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00; 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00 and 0.00, 0.00, 0.00,0.00, respectively.
Other effects:
Clinical Observation
No systemic toxicity was observed in treated rabbits during the experimental period.

Mortality
No mortality was observed during the observation period.

Body weight
All rabbits were weighed on test day 0 (prior to application) and at termination.

Table 1 : Individual Animal Eye Irritation Scores

 

In Treated area Dose:100 mg (0.1gm) of test item                                               Sex:Female

Animal Numbers

1

2

3

Application Side

Left

Right

Right

Eye Reactions

At hour

At hour

At hour

*

1

24

48

72

*

1

 24

48

72

*

1

24

48

72

Corneal Opacity

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Area of Opacity

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Iris

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Conjunctiva

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

Chemosis

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Corneal Damage%

0

0

0

 

 

 

Dose:Untreated (Control Eye)                                                                       Sex:Female

Animal Numbers

1

2

3

Application Side

Right

Left

Left

Eye Reactions

At hour

At hour

At hour

*

1

24

48

72

*

1

 24

48

72

*

1

24

48

72

Corneal Opacity

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Area of Opacity

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Iris

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Conjunctiva

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Chemosis

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Corneal Damage%

0

0

0

Key:*= Pre-exposure eye examination.

 

Table 1 Continued…

 

Eye Irritation Scores - Mean Values after 24, 48, 72 Hours (Treated eye)

            Animal No.

 Eye Reaction

1

2

3

Corneal Opacity

0.00

0.00

0.00

Iris

0.00

0.00

0.00

Conjunctiva

0.00

0.00

0.00

Chemosis

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

 

Formula :

 

Mean Eye Irritation Score =

                          

Sum of the Individual Animal Score for eye reactionat24, 48 and 72 hours

Number of the Observations (3)

 

 

Table 2 : Individual AnimalClinicalSigns

 

Sex:Female

Animal No.

Days (Post application observation)

0

1

2

3

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

3

1

1

1

1

Key:1 = Normal

 

       

Table 3: Individual Animal Body Weight

Sex :Female

Animal No.

Animal Body Weight (kg)

Prior to application

At termination

1

2.362

2.385

2

1.746

1.796

3

2.136

2.148

Key:kg = Kilogram

Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Conclusions:
Under the experimental conditions tested, eye irritation and reversibility of effects on eyes of rabbits was observed within 72 hours. Hence, test chemical is “Non Irritant” to New Zealand White Female rabbit eyes and is thus not classified as a eye irritant.
Executive summary:

Acute eye irritation/corrosion study was conducted in rabbits to evaluate the eye irritant nature of the test chemical. The study was performed as per OECD 405 Guidelines using 3 female New Zealand White rabbits.

Rabbits free from injury of eye were selected for the study. The eyes of all the rabbits were examined 24 hours prior to treatment. One eye of each rabbit served as control and other as treated. Control eye was left untreated whereas; 100 mgof test itemwas instilled in the other (treated) eye of each rabbit.The eye was observed at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hour after test item instillation.Ophthalmoscope was used for scoring of eye lesions.

In the initial test,100 mg of test item (Pulverized Form)was applied into the conjunctival sac of the left eye of animal no.1 whereas the right eye of the rabbit served as the control. As animal no. 1 showed no ocular lesions a confirmatory test was conducted on additional two rabbits (animal no. 2 and 3); 100 mgof test itemwas instilled into the conjunctival sac of right eye of both the rabbits and left eye served as the control. Ocular lesions were seen in animal no. 2 and 3 at 1 hour observation which recovered at 24 hour.

Untreated eye of all the three rabbits was normal throughout the experimental period of 72 hours.

The following grading scores were observed in treated eye of tested rabbits.

Observation at 1 hour after instillation of test item revealed: Cornea-No ulceration or opacity in all 3 animals; Area of Opacity-Zero in all the animals;Iris:Normal in all the animals.Conjunctivae -Some blood vessels definitely hyperaemic (injected) was observed in Animal no. 2 and 3;Chemosis:No swelling was observed in all the 3 animals.

Observation at 24 hours after instillation of test item revealed: Cornea-No ulceration or opacity in all the animals; Area of Opacity-Zero in all the animals;Iris:Normal in all the animals.Conjunctivae - Blood vessels were found to be normal in all the 3 animals;Chemosis:No swelling was observed in all the 3 animals.

At 24 hours observation the rabbits were examined for corneal epithelium cell damage using sodium fluorescein strips and noticed 0 % damage in animal no. 1, 2 and 3.

Observation at 48 and 72 hours after instillation of test item revealed: Cornea-No ulceration or opacity in all the animals; Area of Opacity-Zero in all the animals;Iris:Normal in all the animals.Conjunctivae -Blood vessels were normal in all the animals;Chemosis:No swelling was observed in all the animals.

The individual mean score for animal nos. 1, 2 and 3at 24, 48, 72 hoursfor corneal opacity, iris, conjunctiva and chemosis were found 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00; 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00 and 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00 respectively.

Under the experimental conditions tested, eye irritation and reversibility of effects on eyes of rabbits was observed within 72 hours. Hence, the test chemical is considered as “Non Irritant” to eyes of New Zealand White female rabbit eyes and thus this chemical is “Not Classified” as per CLP Regulation.  

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Respiratory irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Skin Irritation:

In different studies, the test chemical has been investigated for potential for dermal irritation to a greater or lesser extent. The studies are based on in-vivo experimental conducted in human and rabbits which have been summarized as below:

Acute Dermal Irritation/corrosion Study of test chemical was performed as per OECD guideline No. 404 using three healthy young adult female. The fur of all the rabbits were clipped at contralateral sites, approximately 24 hours prior to treatment. A dose of 0.5 g of test item (moistened with 0.5 ml distilled water) was applied to the skin, over an area of approximately 6 x 6 cm clipped of hair on one side of rabbits. The other untreated side was kept as control area and 0.5 ml of distilled water was applied at this site. At the end of 4 hours, the gauze patch was removed and test item application site was wiped with water without altering the integrity of the epidermis. Initially, the test item was applied to the clipped area of skin of one rabbit. The test site was covered with gauze patch. After 4 hours of exposure in animal no. 1, no erythema and no oedema observed at 1, 24 and 48 hour of observation hence a confirmatory test was conducted on additional two rabbits (No. 2 and 3) to confirm the non-irritant nature of the test item. The patch was removed after 4 hours and rabbits were observed for erythema and oedema at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours post patch removal, evaluated and graded as per Draize method. In Animals No.1, 2 and 3 after post patch removal, revealed no erythema and oedema at 24 and 48 and 72 hour during the observation period. The individual mean score at 24, 48 and 72 hours for Animal Nos. 1, 2 and 3 were 0.00, 0.00, 0.00 and 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, for erythema and oedema formation, respectively.Hence, it was concluded that the test chemical was Non-Irritating to the skin of female New Zealand White rabbits under the experimental conditions tested.

 

The above study was supported by the dermal irritation study which was conducted on New Zealand white rabbits in accordance with OECD 404 to assess the irritation parameter of the test chemical.In the initial test one healthy rabbit of body weight 1.84 kg was selected for the study after acclimatization. The test compound in the amount of 0.5 gm was applied at the different sites on the shaven back skin of animal. The hairs of back sides were removed (approximately 6 cm2) one day earlier before the treatment.The test substance in the amount of 0.5 gm was applied to a small area (approximately 6 cm2) of skin and covered with a gauze patch, which was held in place with non-irritating tape. The first patch was applied on the shaven back skin of rabbit and removed after three minutes. No serious reaction was observed at the site of application. The second patch was applied on the different shaven back side and removed after one hour. There were no signs of skin reaction observed at this site of application. Finally, a third patch was applied at a different site and was removed after four hour.No skin irritation was observed at the site of application of test compound after four hour patch removal .Finally, the animal was observed for 14 days, for any irritation and corrosion.Because no corrosive effect observed in the initial test, a confirmatory test was done in order to confirm the irritant or negative response of the test substance by using two additional animals. In the confirmatory test the test compound in the amount of 0.5 gm was applied on the shaven back skin of two animals, each with one patch, for an exposure period of four hours. After four hours the patch was removed and the skin reactions were graded according to Draize’s method. The test compound when applied dermally on New Zealand White rabbit in the amount of 0.5 gm did not produced any dermal irritation in terms of inflammatory changes after 4 hours patch test removal. However, there was no corrosivity of the test compound was observed during the entire observation period of 14 days.The dermal irritation index of the test chemical in  New Zealand white rabbits was calculated as 0.00 and test compound can be classified under "Not Classified".

All these studies lead to a conclusion that Test chemical is indeed not irritating to skin. Hence, comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, Test chemical can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

 

Eye Irritation:

In different studies, the test chemical has been investigated for potential for ocular irritation to a greater or lesser extent. The studies are based on in-vivo experimental conducted in rabbits conducted which have been summarized as below:

 

Acute eye irritation/corrosion study was conducted in rabbits to evaluate the eye irritant nature of the test chemical. The study was performed as per OECD 405 Guidelines using 3 female New Zealand White rabbits. Rabbits free from injury of eye were selected for the study. The eyes of all the rabbits were examined 24 hours prior to treatment. One eye of each rabbit served as control and other as treated. Control eye was left untreated whereas; 100 mgof test itemwas instilled in the other (treated) eye of each rabbit.The eye was observed at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hour after test item instillation.Ophthalmoscope was used for scoring of eye lesions. In the initial test,100 mg of test item (Pulverized Form)was applied into the conjunctival sac of the left eye of animal no.1 whereas the right eye of the rabbit served as the control. As animal no. 1 showed no ocular lesions a confirmatory test was conducted on additional two rabbits (animal no. 2 and 3); 100 mgof test itemwas instilled into the conjunctival sac of right eye of both the rabbits and left eye served as the control. Ocular lesions were seen in animal no. 2 and 3 at 1 hour observation which recovered at 24 hour. Untreated eye of all the three rabbits was normal throughout the experimental period of 72 hours.The following grading scores were observed in treated eye of tested rabbits. Observation at 1 hour after instillation of test item revealed: Cornea-No ulceration or opacity in all 3 animals; Area of Opacity-Zero in all the animals;Iris:Normal in all the animals.Conjunctivae -Some blood vessels definitely hyperaemic (injected) was observed in Animal no. 2 and 3;Chemosis:No swelling was observed in all the 3 animals. Observation at 24 hours after instillation of test item revealed: Cornea-No ulceration or opacity in all the animals; Area of Opacity-Zero in all the animals;Iris:Normal in all the animals.Conjunctivae - Blood vessels were found to be normal in all the 3 animals;Chemosis:No swelling was observed in all the 3 animals. At 24 hours observation the rabbits were examined for corneal epithelium cell damage using sodium fluorescein strips and noticed 0 % damage in animal no. 1, 2 and 3. Observation at 48 and 72 hours after instillation of test item revealed: Cornea-No ulceration or opacity in all the animals; Area of Opacity-Zero in all the animals;Iris:Normal in all the animals.Conjunctivae -Blood vessels were normal in all the animals;Chemosis:No swelling was observed in all the animals. The individual mean score for animal nos. 1, 2 and 3at 24, 48, 72 hoursfor corneal opacity, iris, conjunctiva and chemosis were found 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00; 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00 and 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00 respectively. Under the experimental conditions tested, eye irritation and reversibility of effects on eyes of rabbits was observed within 72 hours. Hence, the test chemical is considered as “Non Irritant” to eyes of New Zealand White female rabbit eyes and thus this chemical is “Not Classified” as per CLP Regulation.  

 

The above result was further supported the acute eye irritation study of the test chemical which was conducted in New Zealand White Rabbit as per the OECD- 405 Guideline. 3 female young adult New Zealand White rabbits were used for the study. One healthy rabbit of body weight 1.96kg was selected for study after acclimatization. Both eyes of rabbits were examined for any abnormal discharge such as eye irritation, ocular defects or pre-existing corneal injury from eye 24 hours prior to application of test compound. The test compound was applied in the conjunctival sac of rabbit after gently pulling the lower lid away from the eyeball at the dose rate of0.1gm.The lids were then gently held for about one second in order to prevent loss of the material. The other eye which remain untreated, served as a control. The acute irritation to eye conjunctiva, cornea and iris was evaluated at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hoursafter the treatment. The grades of ocular reaction (conjunctiva, cornea and iris) were recorded at each observation. To determine the reversibility of the effect the animal was observed normally for 21 days. Any other lesions in the eye viz pannus, staining were observed and scored accordingly. Examination of reactions was facilitated by use of biomicroscope and hand slit lamp. Individual animal weight before and during the study was observed. The test compound when applied to conjunctival sac of rabbit in the amount of 0.1gm produced did not produced any eye irritation or inflammation and any discharge after application of test compound. The result obtained from the initial test was confirmed in additional two animal of same sex and same dose level In the confirmatory test the test compound was applied in the amount of 0.1 gm in the conjunctival sac of two more rabbits after gently pulling the lower lid away from the eyeball. The other eye which remain untreated, served as a control. The acute irritation to eye conjunctiva, cornea and iris was evaluated at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hoursafter the treatment. The grades of ocular reaction (conjunctiva, cornea and iris) were recorded at each observation. To determine the reversibility of the effect the animals were observed normally for 21 days. Any other lesions in the eye viz pannus, staining were observed and scored accordingly. Examination of reactions was facilitated by use of biomicroscope and hand slit lamp. Individual animal weight before and during the study was observed. In the confirmatory test, the test compound when applied to the conjunctival sac of the rabbits did not produced any eye irritation or inflammation and any dischargeafter application of test compound.Furthermore, no other clinical signs of toxicity such as pain, distress etc. were not recorded upto the entire observation period of 21 days. Based on above findings, it can be concluded that the test compound was non-irritating when applied in the amount of 0.1 gm in the conjunctival sac of the rabbits under test condition.

All these studies lead to a conclusion that Test chemical is indeed not irritating to eye. Hence, comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, Test chemical can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

Justification for classification or non-classification

The skin and eye irritation potential of test chemical was observed in various studies. The results obtained from these studies indicate that the test chemical is not likely to cause skin and eye irritation. Hence the test chemical can be classified under the category “Not Classified” for skin and eye as per CLP.